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Title: Monitoring the variability of intrinsic absorption lines in quasar spectra , ,

Abstract

We have monitored 12 intrinsic narrow absorption lines (NALs) in five quasars and seven mini-broad absorption lines (mini-BALs) in six quasars for a period of 4-12 yr (1-3.5 yr in the quasar rest-frame). We present the observational data and the conclusions that follow immediately from them, as a prelude to a more detailed analysis. We found clear variability in the equivalent widths (EWs) of the mini-BAL systems but no easily discernible changes in their profiles. We did not detect any variability in the NAL systems or in narrow components that are often located at the center of mini-BAL profiles. Variations in mini-BAL EWs are larger at longer time intervals, reminiscent of the trend seen in variable BALs. If we assume that the observed variations result from changes in the ionization state of the mini-BAL gas, we infer lower limits to the gas density ∼10{sup 3}-10{sup 5} cm{sup –3} and upper limits on the distance of the absorbers from the central engine of the order of a few kiloparsecs. Motivated by the observed variability properties, we suggest that mini-BALs can vary because of fluctuations of the ionizing continuum or changes in partial coverage while NALs can vary primarily because of changesmore » in partial coverage.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. School of General Education, Shinshu University, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621 (Japan)
  2. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365179
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; DENSITY; DISTANCE; FLUCTUATIONS; QUASARS; SPECTRA

Citation Formats

Misawa, Toru, Charlton, Jane C., and Eracleous, Michael, E-mail: misawatr@shinshu-u.ac.jp. Monitoring the variability of intrinsic absorption lines in quasar spectra , ,. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/77.
Misawa, Toru, Charlton, Jane C., & Eracleous, Michael, E-mail: misawatr@shinshu-u.ac.jp. Monitoring the variability of intrinsic absorption lines in quasar spectra , ,. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/77.
Misawa, Toru, Charlton, Jane C., and Eracleous, Michael, E-mail: misawatr@shinshu-u.ac.jp. Mon . "Monitoring the variability of intrinsic absorption lines in quasar spectra , ,". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/77.
@article{osti_22365179,
title = {Monitoring the variability of intrinsic absorption lines in quasar spectra , ,},
author = {Misawa, Toru and Charlton, Jane C. and Eracleous, Michael, E-mail: misawatr@shinshu-u.ac.jp},
abstractNote = {We have monitored 12 intrinsic narrow absorption lines (NALs) in five quasars and seven mini-broad absorption lines (mini-BALs) in six quasars for a period of 4-12 yr (1-3.5 yr in the quasar rest-frame). We present the observational data and the conclusions that follow immediately from them, as a prelude to a more detailed analysis. We found clear variability in the equivalent widths (EWs) of the mini-BAL systems but no easily discernible changes in their profiles. We did not detect any variability in the NAL systems or in narrow components that are often located at the center of mini-BAL profiles. Variations in mini-BAL EWs are larger at longer time intervals, reminiscent of the trend seen in variable BALs. If we assume that the observed variations result from changes in the ionization state of the mini-BAL gas, we infer lower limits to the gas density ∼10{sup 3}-10{sup 5} cm{sup –3} and upper limits on the distance of the absorbers from the central engine of the order of a few kiloparsecs. Motivated by the observed variability properties, we suggest that mini-BALs can vary because of fluctuations of the ionizing continuum or changes in partial coverage while NALs can vary primarily because of changes in partial coverage.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/77},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 792,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
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