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Title: Magnetic fields and massive star formation

Abstract

Massive stars (M > 8 M {sub ☉}) typically form in parsec-scale molecular clumps that collapse and fragment, leading to the birth of a cluster of stellar objects. We investigate the role of magnetic fields in this process through dust polarization at 870 μm obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). The SMA observations reveal polarization at scales of ≲0.1 pc. The polarization pattern in these objects ranges from ordered hour-glass configurations to more chaotic distributions. By comparing the SMA data with the single dish data at parsec scales, we found that magnetic fields at dense core scales are either aligned within 40° of or perpendicular to the parsec-scale magnetic fields. This finding indicates that magnetic fields play an important role during the collapse and fragmentation of massive molecular clumps and the formation of dense cores. We further compare magnetic fields in dense cores with the major axis of molecular outflows. Despite a limited number of outflows, we found that the outflow axis appears to be randomly oriented with respect to the magnetic field in the core. This result suggests that at the scale of accretion disks (≲ 10{sup 3} AU), angular momentum and dynamic interactions possibly due to close binarymore » or multiple systems dominate over magnetic fields. With this unprecedentedly large sample of massive clumps, we argue on a statistical basis that magnetic fields play an important role during the formation of dense cores at spatial scales of 0.01-0.1 pc in the context of massive star and cluster star formation.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]; ; ; ; ;  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10]
  1. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  2. School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, 22 Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China)
  3. Institut de Ciències de l'Espai, (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciències, C5p 2, E-08193 Bellaterra, Catalonia (Spain)
  4. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
  5. Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)
  6. Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, Alfonso XII, 3 E-28014 Madrid (Spain)
  7. Department of Physics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)
  8. Laboratoire de Radioastronomie Millimétrique, UMR 8112 du CNRS, École Normale Supérieure et Observatoire de Paris, 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)
  9. OASU/LAB-UMR5804, CNRS, Université Bordeaux 1, F-33270 Floirac (France)
  10. Max Planck Institute for Radioastronomy, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22365100
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 792; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCRETION DISKS; ANGULAR MOMENTUM; CHAOS THEORY; DISTRIBUTION; DUSTS; FRAGMENTATION; GLASS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; POLARIZATION; RANDOMNESS; STAR CLUSTERS; STAR EVOLUTION; STARS

Citation Formats

Zhang, Qizhou, Keto, Eric, Ho, Paul T. P., Ching, Tao-Chung, Chen, How-Huan, Qiu, Keping, Girart, Josep M., Juárez, Carmen, Liu, Hauyu, Tang, Ya-Wen, Koch, Patrick M., Rao, Ramprasad, Lai, Shih-Ping, Li, Zhi-Yun, Frau, Pau, Li, Hua-Bai, Padovani, Marco, Bontemps, Sylvain, and Csengeri, Timea, E-mail: qzhang@cfa.harvard.edu. Magnetic fields and massive star formation. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/116.
Zhang, Qizhou, Keto, Eric, Ho, Paul T. P., Ching, Tao-Chung, Chen, How-Huan, Qiu, Keping, Girart, Josep M., Juárez, Carmen, Liu, Hauyu, Tang, Ya-Wen, Koch, Patrick M., Rao, Ramprasad, Lai, Shih-Ping, Li, Zhi-Yun, Frau, Pau, Li, Hua-Bai, Padovani, Marco, Bontemps, Sylvain, & Csengeri, Timea, E-mail: qzhang@cfa.harvard.edu. Magnetic fields and massive star formation. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/116.
Zhang, Qizhou, Keto, Eric, Ho, Paul T. P., Ching, Tao-Chung, Chen, How-Huan, Qiu, Keping, Girart, Josep M., Juárez, Carmen, Liu, Hauyu, Tang, Ya-Wen, Koch, Patrick M., Rao, Ramprasad, Lai, Shih-Ping, Li, Zhi-Yun, Frau, Pau, Li, Hua-Bai, Padovani, Marco, Bontemps, Sylvain, and Csengeri, Timea, E-mail: qzhang@cfa.harvard.edu. Wed . "Magnetic fields and massive star formation". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/116.
@article{osti_22365100,
title = {Magnetic fields and massive star formation},
author = {Zhang, Qizhou and Keto, Eric and Ho, Paul T. P. and Ching, Tao-Chung and Chen, How-Huan and Qiu, Keping and Girart, Josep M. and Juárez, Carmen and Liu, Hauyu and Tang, Ya-Wen and Koch, Patrick M. and Rao, Ramprasad and Lai, Shih-Ping and Li, Zhi-Yun and Frau, Pau and Li, Hua-Bai and Padovani, Marco and Bontemps, Sylvain and Csengeri, Timea, E-mail: qzhang@cfa.harvard.edu},
abstractNote = {Massive stars (M > 8 M {sub ☉}) typically form in parsec-scale molecular clumps that collapse and fragment, leading to the birth of a cluster of stellar objects. We investigate the role of magnetic fields in this process through dust polarization at 870 μm obtained with the Submillimeter Array (SMA). The SMA observations reveal polarization at scales of ≲0.1 pc. The polarization pattern in these objects ranges from ordered hour-glass configurations to more chaotic distributions. By comparing the SMA data with the single dish data at parsec scales, we found that magnetic fields at dense core scales are either aligned within 40° of or perpendicular to the parsec-scale magnetic fields. This finding indicates that magnetic fields play an important role during the collapse and fragmentation of massive molecular clumps and the formation of dense cores. We further compare magnetic fields in dense cores with the major axis of molecular outflows. Despite a limited number of outflows, we found that the outflow axis appears to be randomly oriented with respect to the magnetic field in the core. This result suggests that at the scale of accretion disks (≲ 10{sup 3} AU), angular momentum and dynamic interactions possibly due to close binary or multiple systems dominate over magnetic fields. With this unprecedentedly large sample of massive clumps, we argue on a statistical basis that magnetic fields play an important role during the formation of dense cores at spatial scales of 0.01-0.1 pc in the context of massive star and cluster star formation.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/116},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 792,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}