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Title: STRUCTURE IN THE 3D GALAXY DISTRIBUTION. II. VOIDS AND WATERSHEDS OF LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA

Abstract

The major uncertainties in studies of the multi-scale structure of the universe arise not from observational errors but from the variety of legitimate definitions and detection methods for individual structures. To facilitate the study of these methodological dependencies, we have carried out 12 different analyses defining structures in various ways. This has been done in a purely geometrical way by utilizing the HOP algorithm as a unique parameter-free method of assigning groups of galaxies to local density maxima or minima. From three density estimation techniques (smoothing kernels, Bayesian blocks, and self-organizing maps) applied to three data sets (the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7, the Millennium simulation, and randomly distributed points) we tabulate information that can be used to construct catalogs of structures connected to local density maxima and minima. We also introduce a void finder that utilizes a method to assemble Delaunay tetrahedra into connected structures and characterizes regions empty of galaxies in the source catalog.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [2]
  1. Also at NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York, NY 10025, USA. (United States)
  2. NASA Ames Research Center, Space Science Division, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364433
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 799; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALGORITHMS; CATALOGS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COSMOLOGY; DENSITY; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; RANDOMNESS; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Way, M. J., Gazis, P. R., and Scargle, Jeffrey D., E-mail: Michael.J.Way@nasa.gov, E-mail: PGazis@sbcglobal.net, E-mail: Jeffrey.D.Scargle@nasa.gov. STRUCTURE IN THE 3D GALAXY DISTRIBUTION. II. VOIDS AND WATERSHEDS OF LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/95.
Way, M. J., Gazis, P. R., & Scargle, Jeffrey D., E-mail: Michael.J.Way@nasa.gov, E-mail: PGazis@sbcglobal.net, E-mail: Jeffrey.D.Scargle@nasa.gov. STRUCTURE IN THE 3D GALAXY DISTRIBUTION. II. VOIDS AND WATERSHEDS OF LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/95.
Way, M. J., Gazis, P. R., and Scargle, Jeffrey D., E-mail: Michael.J.Way@nasa.gov, E-mail: PGazis@sbcglobal.net, E-mail: Jeffrey.D.Scargle@nasa.gov. Tue . "STRUCTURE IN THE 3D GALAXY DISTRIBUTION. II. VOIDS AND WATERSHEDS OF LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/95.
@article{osti_22364433,
title = {STRUCTURE IN THE 3D GALAXY DISTRIBUTION. II. VOIDS AND WATERSHEDS OF LOCAL MAXIMA AND MINIMA},
author = {Way, M. J. and Gazis, P. R. and Scargle, Jeffrey D., E-mail: Michael.J.Way@nasa.gov, E-mail: PGazis@sbcglobal.net, E-mail: Jeffrey.D.Scargle@nasa.gov},
abstractNote = {The major uncertainties in studies of the multi-scale structure of the universe arise not from observational errors but from the variety of legitimate definitions and detection methods for individual structures. To facilitate the study of these methodological dependencies, we have carried out 12 different analyses defining structures in various ways. This has been done in a purely geometrical way by utilizing the HOP algorithm as a unique parameter-free method of assigning groups of galaxies to local density maxima or minima. From three density estimation techniques (smoothing kernels, Bayesian blocks, and self-organizing maps) applied to three data sets (the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7, the Millennium simulation, and randomly distributed points) we tabulate information that can be used to construct catalogs of structures connected to local density maxima and minima. We also introduce a void finder that utilizes a method to assemble Delaunay tetrahedra into connected structures and characterizes regions empty of galaxies in the source catalog.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/799/1/95},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 799,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Jan 20 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Tue Jan 20 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}