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Title: DISCOVERY OF SiO BAND EMISSION FROM GALACTIC B[e] SUPERGIANTS

Abstract

B[e] supergiants (B[e]SGs) are evolved massive stars in a short-lived transition phase. During this phase, these objects eject large amounts of material, which accumulate in a circumstellar disk-like structure. The expelled material is typically dense and cool, providing the cradle for molecule and dust condensation and for a rich, ongoing chemistry. Very little is known about the chemical composition of these disks, beyond the emission from dust and CO revolving around the star on Keplerian orbits. As massive stars preserve an oxygen-rich surface composition throughout their life, other oxygen-based molecules can be expected to form. As SiO is the second most stable oxygen compound, we initiated an observing campaign to search for first-overtone SiO emission bands. We obtained high-resolution near-infrared L-band spectra for a sample of Galactic B[e]SGs with reported CO band emission. We clearly detect emission from the SiO first-overtone bands in CPD-52 9243 and indications for faint emission in HD 62623, HD 327083, and CPD-57 2874. From model fits, we find that in all these stars the SiO bands are rotationally broadened with a velocity lower than observed in the CO band forming regions, suggesting that SiO forms at larger distances from the star. Hence, searching for andmore » analyzing these bands is crucial for studying the structure and kinematics of circumstellar disks, because they trace complementary regions to the CO band formation zone. Moreover, since SiO molecules are the building blocks for silicate dust, their study might provide insight in the early stage of dust formation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ; ;  [3];  [4]
  1. Astronomický ústav, Akademie věd České republiky, Fričova 298, 251 65 Ondřejov (Czech Republic)
  2. LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8109, UPMC, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92190, Meudon (France)
  3. Departamento de Espectroscopía Estelar, Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (Argentina)
  4. Observatório Nacional, Rua General José Cristino 77, 20921-400 São Cristovão, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22364163
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal Letters; Journal Volume: 800; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CARBON MONOXIDE; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; COSMIC DUST; COSMOCHEMISTRY; EMISSION SPECTRA; GIANT STARS; MOLECULES; OXYGEN; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; RESOLUTION; SILICON OXIDES; SURFACES; VELOCITY; ZONES

Citation Formats

Kraus, M., Oksala, M. E., Cidale, L. S., Arias, M. L., Torres, A. F., and Fernandes, M. Borges, E-mail: michaela.kraus@asu.cas.cz. DISCOVERY OF SiO BAND EMISSION FROM GALACTIC B[e] SUPERGIANTS. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/800/2/L20.
Kraus, M., Oksala, M. E., Cidale, L. S., Arias, M. L., Torres, A. F., & Fernandes, M. Borges, E-mail: michaela.kraus@asu.cas.cz. DISCOVERY OF SiO BAND EMISSION FROM GALACTIC B[e] SUPERGIANTS. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/800/2/L20.
Kraus, M., Oksala, M. E., Cidale, L. S., Arias, M. L., Torres, A. F., and Fernandes, M. Borges, E-mail: michaela.kraus@asu.cas.cz. Fri . "DISCOVERY OF SiO BAND EMISSION FROM GALACTIC B[e] SUPERGIANTS". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/800/2/L20.
@article{osti_22364163,
title = {DISCOVERY OF SiO BAND EMISSION FROM GALACTIC B[e] SUPERGIANTS},
author = {Kraus, M. and Oksala, M. E. and Cidale, L. S. and Arias, M. L. and Torres, A. F. and Fernandes, M. Borges, E-mail: michaela.kraus@asu.cas.cz},
abstractNote = {B[e] supergiants (B[e]SGs) are evolved massive stars in a short-lived transition phase. During this phase, these objects eject large amounts of material, which accumulate in a circumstellar disk-like structure. The expelled material is typically dense and cool, providing the cradle for molecule and dust condensation and for a rich, ongoing chemistry. Very little is known about the chemical composition of these disks, beyond the emission from dust and CO revolving around the star on Keplerian orbits. As massive stars preserve an oxygen-rich surface composition throughout their life, other oxygen-based molecules can be expected to form. As SiO is the second most stable oxygen compound, we initiated an observing campaign to search for first-overtone SiO emission bands. We obtained high-resolution near-infrared L-band spectra for a sample of Galactic B[e]SGs with reported CO band emission. We clearly detect emission from the SiO first-overtone bands in CPD-52 9243 and indications for faint emission in HD 62623, HD 327083, and CPD-57 2874. From model fits, we find that in all these stars the SiO bands are rotationally broadened with a velocity lower than observed in the CO band forming regions, suggesting that SiO forms at larger distances from the star. Hence, searching for and analyzing these bands is crucial for studying the structure and kinematics of circumstellar disks, because they trace complementary regions to the CO band formation zone. Moreover, since SiO molecules are the building blocks for silicate dust, their study might provide insight in the early stage of dust formation.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/800/2/L20},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 800,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Feb 20 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Fri Feb 20 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}