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Title: Realistic modeling of the pulse profile of PSR J0737-3039A

Abstract

The Double Pulsar, PSR J0737-3039A/B, is a unique system in which both neutron stars have been detected as radio pulsars. As shown in Ferdman et al., there is no evidence for pulse profile evolution of the A pulsar, and the geometry of the pulsar was fit well with a double-pole circular radio beam model. Assuming a more realistic polar cap model with a vacuum retarded dipole magnetosphere configuration including special relativistic effects, we create synthesized pulse profiles for A given the best-fit geometry from the simple circular beam model. By fitting synthesized pulse profiles to those observed from pulsar A, we constrain the geometry of the radio beam, namely the half-opening angle and the emission altitude, to be ∼30° and ∼10 neutron star radii, respectively. Combining the observational constraints of PSR J0737-3039A/B, we are able to construct the full three-dimensional orbital geometry of the Double Pulsar. The relative angle between the spin axes of the two pulsars (Δ{sub S}) is estimated to be ∼(138° ± 5°) at the current epoch and will likely remain constant until tidal interactions become important in ∼85 Myr, at merger.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics, McGill University, Ernest Rutherford Physics Building, 3600 University Street, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)
  3. Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada)
  5. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomica di Cagliari, Loc. Poggio dei Pini, Strada 54, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356851
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 787; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ALTITUDE; BEAMS; CONFIGURATION; DIPOLES; EMISSION; EVOLUTION; LIMITING VALUES; NEUTRON STARS; PULSARS; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; SIMULATION; SPIN; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS

Citation Formats

Perera, B. B. P., Kim, C., McLaughlin, M. A., Ferdman, R. D., Kramer, M., Freire, P. C. C., Stairs, I. H., and Possenti, A. Realistic modeling of the pulse profile of PSR J0737-3039A. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/787/1/51.
Perera, B. B. P., Kim, C., McLaughlin, M. A., Ferdman, R. D., Kramer, M., Freire, P. C. C., Stairs, I. H., & Possenti, A. Realistic modeling of the pulse profile of PSR J0737-3039A. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/787/1/51
Perera, B. B. P., Kim, C., McLaughlin, M. A., Ferdman, R. D., Kramer, M., Freire, P. C. C., Stairs, I. H., and Possenti, A. Tue . "Realistic modeling of the pulse profile of PSR J0737-3039A". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/787/1/51.
@article{osti_22356851,
title = {Realistic modeling of the pulse profile of PSR J0737-3039A},
author = {Perera, B. B. P. and Kim, C. and McLaughlin, M. A. and Ferdman, R. D. and Kramer, M. and Freire, P. C. C. and Stairs, I. H. and Possenti, A.},
abstractNote = {The Double Pulsar, PSR J0737-3039A/B, is a unique system in which both neutron stars have been detected as radio pulsars. As shown in Ferdman et al., there is no evidence for pulse profile evolution of the A pulsar, and the geometry of the pulsar was fit well with a double-pole circular radio beam model. Assuming a more realistic polar cap model with a vacuum retarded dipole magnetosphere configuration including special relativistic effects, we create synthesized pulse profiles for A given the best-fit geometry from the simple circular beam model. By fitting synthesized pulse profiles to those observed from pulsar A, we constrain the geometry of the radio beam, namely the half-opening angle and the emission altitude, to be ∼30° and ∼10 neutron star radii, respectively. Combining the observational constraints of PSR J0737-3039A/B, we are able to construct the full three-dimensional orbital geometry of the Double Pulsar. The relative angle between the spin axes of the two pulsars (Δ{sub S}) is estimated to be ∼(138° ± 5°) at the current epoch and will likely remain constant until tidal interactions become important in ∼85 Myr, at merger.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/787/1/51},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22356851}, journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 787,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {5}
}