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Title: NuSTAR discovery of a young, energetic pulsar associated with the luminous gamma-ray source HESS J1640–465

Abstract

We report the discovery of a 206 ms pulsar associated with the TeV γ-ray source HESS J1640–465 using the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) X-ray observatory. PSR J1640–4631 lies within the shell-type supernova remnant (SNR) G338.3–0.0, and coincides with an X-ray point source and putative pulsar wind nebula (PWN) previously identified in XMM-Newton and Chandra images. It is spinning down rapidly with period derivative P-dot = 9.758(44) × 10{sup –13}, yielding a spin-down luminosity E-dot = 4.4 × 10{sup 36} erg s{sup –1}, characteristic age τ{sub c}≡P/2 P-dot = 3350 yr, and surface dipole magnetic field strength B{sub s} = 1.4 × 10{sup 13} G. For the measured distance of 12 kpc to G338.3–0.0, the 0.2-10 TeV luminosity of HESS J1640–465 is 6% of the pulsar's present E-dot . The Fermi source 1FHL J1640.5–4634 is marginally coincident with PSR J1640–4631, but we find no γ-ray pulsations in a search using five years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) data. The pulsar energetics support an evolutionary PWN model for the broadband spectrum of HESS J1640–465, provided that the pulsar's braking index is n ≈ 2, and that its initial spin period was P {sub 0} ∼ 15 ms.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027-6601 (United States)
  2. Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
  3. NYU Abu Dhabi, PO Box 129188, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)
  4. Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  5. DTU Space-National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej 327, 2800 Lyngby (Denmark)
  6. Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)
  7. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356583
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 788; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; GAMMA SOURCES; LUMINOSITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NEBULAE; NEUTRONS; PULSARS; SPECTRA; SPIN; STARS; SUPERNOVA REMNANTS; SURFACES; TELESCOPES; TEV RANGE; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Gotthelf, E. V., Halpern, J. P., Hailey, J. C., Tomsick, J. A., Boggs, S. E., Craig, W. W., Gelfand, J. D., Harrison, F. A., Christensen, F. E., Kaspi, V. M., Stern, D. K., and Zhang, W. W., E-mail: eric@astro.columbia.edu. NuSTAR discovery of a young, energetic pulsar associated with the luminous gamma-ray source HESS J1640–465. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/155.
Gotthelf, E. V., Halpern, J. P., Hailey, J. C., Tomsick, J. A., Boggs, S. E., Craig, W. W., Gelfand, J. D., Harrison, F. A., Christensen, F. E., Kaspi, V. M., Stern, D. K., & Zhang, W. W., E-mail: eric@astro.columbia.edu. NuSTAR discovery of a young, energetic pulsar associated with the luminous gamma-ray source HESS J1640–465. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/155.
Gotthelf, E. V., Halpern, J. P., Hailey, J. C., Tomsick, J. A., Boggs, S. E., Craig, W. W., Gelfand, J. D., Harrison, F. A., Christensen, F. E., Kaspi, V. M., Stern, D. K., and Zhang, W. W., E-mail: eric@astro.columbia.edu. Fri . "NuSTAR discovery of a young, energetic pulsar associated with the luminous gamma-ray source HESS J1640–465". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/155.
@article{osti_22356583,
title = {NuSTAR discovery of a young, energetic pulsar associated with the luminous gamma-ray source HESS J1640–465},
author = {Gotthelf, E. V. and Halpern, J. P. and Hailey, J. C. and Tomsick, J. A. and Boggs, S. E. and Craig, W. W. and Gelfand, J. D. and Harrison, F. A. and Christensen, F. E. and Kaspi, V. M. and Stern, D. K. and Zhang, W. W., E-mail: eric@astro.columbia.edu},
abstractNote = {We report the discovery of a 206 ms pulsar associated with the TeV γ-ray source HESS J1640–465 using the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) X-ray observatory. PSR J1640–4631 lies within the shell-type supernova remnant (SNR) G338.3–0.0, and coincides with an X-ray point source and putative pulsar wind nebula (PWN) previously identified in XMM-Newton and Chandra images. It is spinning down rapidly with period derivative P-dot = 9.758(44) × 10{sup –13}, yielding a spin-down luminosity E-dot = 4.4 × 10{sup 36} erg s{sup –1}, characteristic age τ{sub c}≡P/2 P-dot = 3350 yr, and surface dipole magnetic field strength B{sub s} = 1.4 × 10{sup 13} G. For the measured distance of 12 kpc to G338.3–0.0, the 0.2-10 TeV luminosity of HESS J1640–465 is 6% of the pulsar's present E-dot . The Fermi source 1FHL J1640.5–4634 is marginally coincident with PSR J1640–4631, but we find no γ-ray pulsations in a search using five years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) data. The pulsar energetics support an evolutionary PWN model for the broadband spectrum of HESS J1640–465, provided that the pulsar's braking index is n ≈ 2, and that its initial spin period was P {sub 0} ∼ 15 ms.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/788/2/155},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 788,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {6}
}