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Title: Overexpression, purification and crystallization of an archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus

Abstract

Crystals of the archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus were obtained using 6.6%(v/v) ethanol as a precipitant and diffracted X-rays to 1.7 Å resolution. DNA ligases seal single-strand breaks in double-stranded DNA and their function is essential to maintain the integrity of the genome during various aspects of DNA metabolism, such as replication, excision repair and recombination. DNA-strand breaks are frequently generated as reaction intermediates in these events and the sealing of these breaks depends solely on the proper function of DNA ligase. Crystals of the archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus were obtained using 6.6%(v/v) ethanol as a precipitant and diffracted X-rays to 1.7 Å resolution. They belong to the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 61.1, b = 88.3, c = 63.4 Å, β = 108.9°. The asymmetric unit contains one ligase molecule.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Department of Structural Biology, Biomolecular Engineering Research Institute (BERI), 6-2-3 Furuedai, Suita, Osaka 565-0874 (Japan)
  2. Department of Genetic Resources Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22356193
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section F; Journal Volume: 61; Journal Issue: Pt 12; Other Information: PMCID: PMC1978145; PMID: 16511246; PUBLISHER-ID: za5124; OAI: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1978145; Copyright (c) International Union of Crystallography 2005; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CRYSTALLIZATION; CRYSTALS; DNA; ETHANOL; MOLECULES; RECOMBINATION; RESOLUTION; SPACE GROUPS

Citation Formats

Nishida, Hirokazu, Tsuchiya, Daisuke, Ishino, Yoshizumi, and Morikawa, Kosuke, E-mail: morikako@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp. Overexpression, purification and crystallization of an archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus. United Kingdom: N. p., 2005. Web. doi:10.1107/S1744309105038649.
Nishida, Hirokazu, Tsuchiya, Daisuke, Ishino, Yoshizumi, & Morikawa, Kosuke, E-mail: morikako@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp. Overexpression, purification and crystallization of an archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus. United Kingdom. doi:10.1107/S1744309105038649.
Nishida, Hirokazu, Tsuchiya, Daisuke, Ishino, Yoshizumi, and Morikawa, Kosuke, E-mail: morikako@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp. Thu . "Overexpression, purification and crystallization of an archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus". United Kingdom. doi:10.1107/S1744309105038649.
@article{osti_22356193,
title = {Overexpression, purification and crystallization of an archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus},
author = {Nishida, Hirokazu and Tsuchiya, Daisuke and Ishino, Yoshizumi and Morikawa, Kosuke, E-mail: morikako@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp},
abstractNote = {Crystals of the archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus were obtained using 6.6%(v/v) ethanol as a precipitant and diffracted X-rays to 1.7 Å resolution. DNA ligases seal single-strand breaks in double-stranded DNA and their function is essential to maintain the integrity of the genome during various aspects of DNA metabolism, such as replication, excision repair and recombination. DNA-strand breaks are frequently generated as reaction intermediates in these events and the sealing of these breaks depends solely on the proper function of DNA ligase. Crystals of the archaeal DNA ligase from Pyrococcus furiosus were obtained using 6.6%(v/v) ethanol as a precipitant and diffracted X-rays to 1.7 Å resolution. They belong to the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}, with unit-cell parameters a = 61.1, b = 88.3, c = 63.4 Å, β = 108.9°. The asymmetric unit contains one ligase molecule.},
doi = {10.1107/S1744309105038649},
journal = {Acta Crystallographica. Section F},
number = Pt 12,
volume = 61,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2005},
month = {Thu Dec 01 00:00:00 EST 2005}
}
  • A stable stoichiometric complex of archaeal DNA polymerase with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was formed using a PCNA monomer mutant and the complex was successfully crystallized. Replicative DNA polymerase interacts with processivity factors, the β-subunit of DNA polymerase III or proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), in order to function with a long template DNA. The archaeal replicative DNA polymerase from Pyrococcus furiosus interacts with PCNA via its PCNA-interacting protein (PIP) motif at the C-terminus. The PCNA homotrimeric ring contains one PIP interacting site on each monomer and since the ring can accommodate up to three molecules simultaneously, formation ofmore » a stable stoichiometric complex of PCNA with its interacting protein has been difficult to control in vitro. A stable complex of the DNA polymerase with PCNA, using a PCNA monomer mutant, has been purified and crystallized. The best ordered crystal diffracted to 3.0 Å resolution using synchrotron radiation. The crystals belong to space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2, with unit-cell parameters a = 225.3, b = 123.3, c = 91.3 Å.« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • A P. furiosus stand-alone RAM domain with hydrolytic activity has been cloned and expressed in E. coli. The purified protein was crystallized alone and with EPNP and PMSF, producing crystals that yield diffraction data to resolutions of 2.8, 2.2 and 2.8 Å, respectively. The RAM domain is one of several ligand-binding modules present in prokaryotes that are presumed to regulate the transcription of specific genes. To date, no hydrolytic activity has been reported for such modules. Curiously, a stand-alone RAM domain in Pyrococcus furiosus was isolated during a screen for hydrolytic activity against chromogenic esters. The gene encoding this proteinmore » was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and crystallized after a single purification step. X-ray diffraction data from the crystals were obtained to a resolution of 2.8 Å using a conventional X-ray source. The cocrystallization of the recombinant protein with 1,2-epoxy-3-(4-nitrophenoxy)propane (EPNP) and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) produced crystals that yielded data to 2.2 and 2.8 Å, respectively, using synchrotron radiation. Both the untreated and EPNP-treated crystals crystallize isomorphously in space group C2 and contain three dimers in the asymmetric unit. The PMSF-treated crystals also belong to this space group and have almost identical packing density, but show dramatically different unit-cell parameters.« less
  • The C-terminal soluble domain of the catalytic subunit (STT3) of the oligosaccharyltransferase from P. furiosus was purified and crystallized. A native crystal and a SeMet derivative have been analyzed using X-ray diffraction. Oligosaccharyltransferase catalyzes the transfer of preassembled oligosaccharides onto asparagine residues in nascent polypeptide chains. The STT3 subunit is thought to bear the catalytic site. The C-terminal domain of the STT3 protein of Pyrococcus furiosus was expressed in Escherichia coli cells. STT3 protein prepared from two different sources, the soluble fraction and the inclusion bodies, produced crystals that diffracted to 2.7 Å. During crystallization screening, cocrystals of P. furiosusmore » STT3 with an E. coli 50S ribosomal protein, L7/L12, were accidentally obtained. This cross-species interaction is not biologically relevant, but may be used to design a built-in polypeptide substrate for the STT3 crystals.« less
  • The archaeal phosphoglycerate mutase PH0037 from P. horikoshii OT3 has been crystallized in space group R32, with unit-cell parameters a = 155.62, c = 230.35 Å. A 2.2 Å resolution data was collected at SPring-8 beamline BL26B1. Phosphoglycerate mutases catalyze the interconversion of 2-phosphoglycerate and 3-phosphoglycerate in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis pathways. The archaeal phosphoglycerate mutase PH0037 from Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and purified. Crystals were obtained using the oil-microbatch method at 291 K. A native data set extending to a resolution of 2.2 Å has been collected and processed in space group R32. Assuming themore » presence of a dimer in the asymmetric unit, the V{sub M} value is calculated to be 3.0 Å{sup 3} Da{sup −1}, consistent with the dynamic light-scattering experiment result, which shows a dimeric state of the protein in solution. Molecular-replacement trials using the crystal structure of Bacilllus stearothermophilus phosphoglycerate mutase as a search model did not provide a satisfactory solution, indicating substantially different structures of these two phophoglycerate mutases.« less