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Title: Monte Carlo study of efficiency roll-off of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes: Evidence for dominant role of triplet-polaron quenching

Abstract

We present an advanced molecular-scale organic light-emitting diode (OLED) model, integrating both electronic and excitonic processes. Using this model, we can reproduce the measured efficiency roll-off for prototypical phosphorescent OLED stacks based on the green dye tris[2-phenylpyridine]iridium (Ir(ppy){sub 3}) and the red dye octaethylporphine platinum (PtOEP) and study the cause of the roll-off as function of the current density. Both the voltage versus current density characteristics and roll-off agree well with experimental data. Surprisingly, the results of the simulations lead us to conclude that, contrary to what is often assumed, not triplet-triplet annihilation but triplet-polaron quenching is the dominant mechanism causing the roll-off under realistic operating conditions. Simulations for devices with an optimized recombination profile, achieved by carefully tuning the dye trap depth, show that it will be possible to fabricate OLEDs with a drastically reduced roll-off. It is envisaged that J{sub 90}, the current density at which the efficiency is reduced to 90%, can be increased by almost one order of magnitude as compared to the experimental state-of-the-art.

Authors:
 [1]; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22351137
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANNIHILATION; CURRENT DENSITY; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; EQUIPMENT; IRIDIUM; IRIDIUM COMPLEXES; LIGHT EMITTING DIODES; MONTE CARLO METHOD; ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTORS; PLATINUM; PLATINUM COMPLEXES; QUENCHING; RECOMBINATION; SIMULATION; STACKS; TRAPS; TRIPLETS

Citation Formats

Eersel, H. van, E-mail: h.v.eersel@tue.nl, Coehoorn, R., Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven, Bobbert, P. A., and Janssen, R. A. J. Monte Carlo study of efficiency roll-off of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes: Evidence for dominant role of triplet-polaron quenching. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4897534.
Eersel, H. van, E-mail: h.v.eersel@tue.nl, Coehoorn, R., Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven, Bobbert, P. A., & Janssen, R. A. J. Monte Carlo study of efficiency roll-off of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes: Evidence for dominant role of triplet-polaron quenching. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4897534
Eersel, H. van, E-mail: h.v.eersel@tue.nl, Coehoorn, R., Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven, Bobbert, P. A., and Janssen, R. A. J. 2014. "Monte Carlo study of efficiency roll-off of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes: Evidence for dominant role of triplet-polaron quenching". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4897534.
@article{osti_22351137,
title = {Monte Carlo study of efficiency roll-off of phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes: Evidence for dominant role of triplet-polaron quenching},
author = {Eersel, H. van, E-mail: h.v.eersel@tue.nl and Coehoorn, R. and Philips Research Laboratories, High Tech Campus 4, 5656 AE Eindhoven and Bobbert, P. A. and Janssen, R. A. J.},
abstractNote = {We present an advanced molecular-scale organic light-emitting diode (OLED) model, integrating both electronic and excitonic processes. Using this model, we can reproduce the measured efficiency roll-off for prototypical phosphorescent OLED stacks based on the green dye tris[2-phenylpyridine]iridium (Ir(ppy){sub 3}) and the red dye octaethylporphine platinum (PtOEP) and study the cause of the roll-off as function of the current density. Both the voltage versus current density characteristics and roll-off agree well with experimental data. Surprisingly, the results of the simulations lead us to conclude that, contrary to what is often assumed, not triplet-triplet annihilation but triplet-polaron quenching is the dominant mechanism causing the roll-off under realistic operating conditions. Simulations for devices with an optimized recombination profile, achieved by carefully tuning the dye trap depth, show that it will be possible to fabricate OLEDs with a drastically reduced roll-off. It is envisaged that J{sub 90}, the current density at which the efficiency is reduced to 90%, can be increased by almost one order of magnitude as compared to the experimental state-of-the-art.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4897534},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22351137}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 14,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {10}
}