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Title: Structural consequences of hydrogen intercalation of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001)

Abstract

The intercalation of various atomic species, such as hydrogen, to the interface between epitaxial graphene (EG) and its SiC substrate is known to significantly influence the electronic properties of the graphene overlayers. Here, we use high-resolution X-ray reflectivity to investigate the structural consequences of the hydrogen intercalation process used in the formation of quasi-free-standing (QFS) EG/SiC(0001). We confirm that the interfacial layer is converted to a layer structurally indistinguishable from that of the overlying graphene layers. This newly formed graphene layer becomes decoupled from the SiC substrate and, along with the other graphene layers within the film, is vertically displaced by ∼2.1 Å. The number of total carbon layers is conserved during the process, and we observe no other structural changes such as interlayer intercalation or expansion of the graphene d-spacing. These results clarify the under-determined structure of hydrogen intercalated QFS-EG/SiC(0001) and provide a precise model to inform further fundamental and practical understanding of the system.

Authors:
; ;  [1]; ;  [2];  [3]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)
  2. U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)
  3. ESRF—The European Synchrotron, CS 40220, 71, Avenue des Martyrs, 38043 Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22350945
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CLATHRATES; EPITAXY; EXPANSION; FILMS; GRAPHENE; HYDROGEN; INTERFACES; LAYERS; REFLECTIVITY; RESOLUTION; SILICON CARBIDES; SUBSTRATES; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Emery, Jonathan D., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, Johns, James E., McBriarty, Martin E., Hersam, Mark C., Wheeler, Virginia H., Kurt Gaskill, D., Detlefs, Blanka, Bedzyk, Michael J., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208. Structural consequences of hydrogen intercalation of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001). United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4899142.
Emery, Jonathan D., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, Johns, James E., McBriarty, Martin E., Hersam, Mark C., Wheeler, Virginia H., Kurt Gaskill, D., Detlefs, Blanka, Bedzyk, Michael J., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, & Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208. Structural consequences of hydrogen intercalation of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001). United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4899142
Emery, Jonathan D., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, Johns, James E., McBriarty, Martin E., Hersam, Mark C., Wheeler, Virginia H., Kurt Gaskill, D., Detlefs, Blanka, Bedzyk, Michael J., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu, and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208. 2014. "Structural consequences of hydrogen intercalation of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001)". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4899142.
@article{osti_22350945,
title = {Structural consequences of hydrogen intercalation of epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001)},
author = {Emery, Jonathan D., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu and Johns, James E. and McBriarty, Martin E. and Hersam, Mark C. and Wheeler, Virginia H. and Kurt Gaskill, D. and Detlefs, Blanka and Bedzyk, Michael J., E-mail: jdemery@anl.gov, E-mail: bedzyk@northwestern.edu and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208},
abstractNote = {The intercalation of various atomic species, such as hydrogen, to the interface between epitaxial graphene (EG) and its SiC substrate is known to significantly influence the electronic properties of the graphene overlayers. Here, we use high-resolution X-ray reflectivity to investigate the structural consequences of the hydrogen intercalation process used in the formation of quasi-free-standing (QFS) EG/SiC(0001). We confirm that the interfacial layer is converted to a layer structurally indistinguishable from that of the overlying graphene layers. This newly formed graphene layer becomes decoupled from the SiC substrate and, along with the other graphene layers within the film, is vertically displaced by ∼2.1 Å. The number of total carbon layers is conserved during the process, and we observe no other structural changes such as interlayer intercalation or expansion of the graphene d-spacing. These results clarify the under-determined structure of hydrogen intercalated QFS-EG/SiC(0001) and provide a precise model to inform further fundamental and practical understanding of the system.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4899142},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22350945}, journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 16,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {10}
}