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Title: Thermoelectric properties of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells

Abstract

The thermoelectric (TE) figure of merit ZT of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells is calculated for thicknesses below 10 nm, for which hybridization of the surface states as well as quantum confinement in the bulk are individually predicted to enhance ZT. Here, the question is addressed what ZT can be expected from coexisting surface and bulk states in such quantum wells. It is demonstrated that the parallel contributing bulk and surface channels tend to cancel each other out. This is because the surface-to-volume ratios of the thin films prevent the domination of transport through a single channel and because the individual bulk and surface ZTs are optimized at different Fermi levels.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Institute of Applied Physics, Universität Hamburg, Jungiusstrasse 11, 20355 Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22350765
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ANTIMONY TELLURIDES; BISMUTH SELENIDES; BISMUTH TELLURIDES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; FERMI LEVEL; NANOSTRUCTURES; QUANTUM WELLS; SURFACES; THERMOELECTRIC PROPERTIES; THICKNESS; THIN FILMS; TOPOLOGY

Citation Formats

Osterhage, Hermann, E-mail: hosterha@physnet.uni-hamburg.de, Gooth, Johannes, Hamdou, Bacel, Gwozdz, Paul, Zierold, Robert, and Nielsch, Kornelius, E-mail: knielsch@physnet.uni-hamburg.de. Thermoelectric properties of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4896680.
Osterhage, Hermann, E-mail: hosterha@physnet.uni-hamburg.de, Gooth, Johannes, Hamdou, Bacel, Gwozdz, Paul, Zierold, Robert, & Nielsch, Kornelius, E-mail: knielsch@physnet.uni-hamburg.de. Thermoelectric properties of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4896680.
Osterhage, Hermann, E-mail: hosterha@physnet.uni-hamburg.de, Gooth, Johannes, Hamdou, Bacel, Gwozdz, Paul, Zierold, Robert, and Nielsch, Kornelius, E-mail: knielsch@physnet.uni-hamburg.de. Mon . "Thermoelectric properties of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4896680.
@article{osti_22350765,
title = {Thermoelectric properties of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells},
author = {Osterhage, Hermann, E-mail: hosterha@physnet.uni-hamburg.de and Gooth, Johannes and Hamdou, Bacel and Gwozdz, Paul and Zierold, Robert and Nielsch, Kornelius, E-mail: knielsch@physnet.uni-hamburg.de},
abstractNote = {The thermoelectric (TE) figure of merit ZT of topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, Sb{sub 2}Te{sub 3}, and Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} thin film quantum wells is calculated for thicknesses below 10 nm, for which hybridization of the surface states as well as quantum confinement in the bulk are individually predicted to enhance ZT. Here, the question is addressed what ZT can be expected from coexisting surface and bulk states in such quantum wells. It is demonstrated that the parallel contributing bulk and surface channels tend to cancel each other out. This is because the surface-to-volume ratios of the thin films prevent the domination of transport through a single channel and because the individual bulk and surface ZTs are optimized at different Fermi levels.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4896680},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 12,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}