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Title: X-ray and γ-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837

Abstract

We present X-ray observations of the 'redback' eclipsing radio millisecond pulsar (MSP) and candidate radio pulsar/X-ray binary transition object PSR J1723-2837. The X-ray emission from the system is predominantly non-thermal and exhibits pronounced variability as a function of orbital phase, with a factor of ∼2 reduction in brightness around superior conjunction. Such temporal behavior appears to be a defining characteristic of this variety of peculiar MSP binaries and is likely caused by a partial geometric occultation by the main-sequence-like companion of a shock within the binary. There is no indication of diffuse X-ray emission from a bow shock or pulsar wind nebula associated with the pulsar. We also report on a search for point source emission and γ-ray pulsations in Fermi Large Area Telescope data using a likelihood analysis and photon probability weighting. Although PSR J1723-2837 is consistent with being a γ-ray point source, due to the strong Galactic diffuse emission at its position a definitive association cannot be established. No statistically significant pulsations or modulation at the orbital period are detected. For a presumed detection, the implied γ-ray luminosity is ≲5% of its spin-down power. This indicates that PSR J1723-2837 is either one of the least efficient γ-ray producingmore » MSPs or, if the detection is spurious, the γ-ray emission pattern is not directed toward us.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States)
  2. INAF-IASF Milano, via East Bassini 15, I-20133 Milano (Italy)
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Franklin and Marshall College, P.O. Box 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 (United States)
  4. INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Loc. Poggio dei Pini, Strada 54, I-09012 Capoterra (Italy)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, 210E Hodges Hall, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)
  6. Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22348198
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 781; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BINARY STARS; BRIGHTNESS; COSMIC RADIO SOURCES; DETECTION; ECLIPSE; EMISSION; GAMMA RADIATION; LUMINOSITY; MODULATION; NEBULAE; NEUTRONS; PHOTONS; POINT SOURCES; PULSARS; PULSATIONS; SHOCK WAVES; SPIN; STARS; TELESCOPES; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Bogdanov, Slavko, Esposito, Paolo, Crawford, III, Fronefield, Possenti, Andrea, McLaughlin, Maura A., and Freire, Paulo. X-ray and γ-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/1/6.
Bogdanov, Slavko, Esposito, Paolo, Crawford, III, Fronefield, Possenti, Andrea, McLaughlin, Maura A., & Freire, Paulo. X-ray and γ-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/1/6.
Bogdanov, Slavko, Esposito, Paolo, Crawford, III, Fronefield, Possenti, Andrea, McLaughlin, Maura A., and Freire, Paulo. Mon . "X-ray and γ-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/781/1/6.
@article{osti_22348198,
title = {X-ray and γ-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837},
author = {Bogdanov, Slavko and Esposito, Paolo and Crawford, III, Fronefield and Possenti, Andrea and McLaughlin, Maura A. and Freire, Paulo},
abstractNote = {We present X-ray observations of the 'redback' eclipsing radio millisecond pulsar (MSP) and candidate radio pulsar/X-ray binary transition object PSR J1723-2837. The X-ray emission from the system is predominantly non-thermal and exhibits pronounced variability as a function of orbital phase, with a factor of ∼2 reduction in brightness around superior conjunction. Such temporal behavior appears to be a defining characteristic of this variety of peculiar MSP binaries and is likely caused by a partial geometric occultation by the main-sequence-like companion of a shock within the binary. There is no indication of diffuse X-ray emission from a bow shock or pulsar wind nebula associated with the pulsar. We also report on a search for point source emission and γ-ray pulsations in Fermi Large Area Telescope data using a likelihood analysis and photon probability weighting. Although PSR J1723-2837 is consistent with being a γ-ray point source, due to the strong Galactic diffuse emission at its position a definitive association cannot be established. No statistically significant pulsations or modulation at the orbital period are detected. For a presumed detection, the implied γ-ray luminosity is ≲5% of its spin-down power. This indicates that PSR J1723-2837 is either one of the least efficient γ-ray producing MSPs or, if the detection is spurious, the γ-ray emission pattern is not directed toward us.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/781/1/6},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 781,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {1}
}