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Title: Anomalous lasing of high-speed 850 nm InGaAlAs oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large negative gain-to-cavity wavelength detuning

Abstract

The impact of a large negative quantum well gain-to-cavity etalon wavelength detuning on the static and dynamic characteristics of 850 nm InGaAlAs high-speed oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) was investigated. Three distinct lasing regimes were revealed in large square aperture (≥7 μm per side) devices with large detuning including: (1) an anomalous lasing via higher order Hermite–Gaussian modes at low forward bias current; (2) lasing via the lowest order Hermite–Gaussian modes at high bias current; and (3) simultaneous lasing via both types of transverse modes at intermediate bias currents. In contrast to conventional multimode VCSELs a two-resonance modulation response was observed for the case of co-lasing via multiple transverse modes with high spectral separation. The reduction in the oxide aperture area resulted in classical lasing via the lowest order modes with a conventional single-resonance frequency response.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ;  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation)
  2. Submicron Heterostructures for Microelectronics, Research and Engineering Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation)
  3. (Russian Federation)
  4. Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University, 29 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 195251 (Russian Federation)
  5. Zentrum für Nanophotonik, Technische Universität Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, Berlin 10623, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)
  6. (Saudi Arabia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22317978
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 6; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; ARSENIC COMPOUNDS; GALLIUM COMPOUNDS; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; LASER CAVITIES; LASERS; OXIDES; QUANTUM WELLS; SURFACES

Citation Formats

Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru, Bobrov, M. A., Maleev, N. A., Sakharov, A. V., Ustinov, V. M., Kuzmenkov, A. G., A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021, Blokhin, A. A., Moser, P., Lott, J. A., Bimberg, D., and Electric and Computer Engineering Department, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah 21589. Anomalous lasing of high-speed 850 nm InGaAlAs oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large negative gain-to-cavity wavelength detuning. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4892885.
Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru, Bobrov, M. A., Maleev, N. A., Sakharov, A. V., Ustinov, V. M., Kuzmenkov, A. G., A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021, Blokhin, A. A., Moser, P., Lott, J. A., Bimberg, D., & Electric and Computer Engineering Department, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah 21589. Anomalous lasing of high-speed 850 nm InGaAlAs oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large negative gain-to-cavity wavelength detuning. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892885.
Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru, Bobrov, M. A., Maleev, N. A., Sakharov, A. V., Ustinov, V. M., Kuzmenkov, A. G., A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021, Blokhin, A. A., Moser, P., Lott, J. A., Bimberg, D., and Electric and Computer Engineering Department, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah 21589. Mon . "Anomalous lasing of high-speed 850 nm InGaAlAs oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large negative gain-to-cavity wavelength detuning". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892885.
@article{osti_22317978,
title = {Anomalous lasing of high-speed 850 nm InGaAlAs oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with a large negative gain-to-cavity wavelength detuning},
author = {Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru and Bobrov, M. A. and Maleev, N. A. and Sakharov, A. V. and Ustinov, V. M. and Kuzmenkov, A. G. and A. F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 26 Polytekhnicheskaya Street, Saint Petersburg 194021 and Blokhin, A. A. and Moser, P. and Lott, J. A. and Bimberg, D. and Electric and Computer Engineering Department, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah 21589},
abstractNote = {The impact of a large negative quantum well gain-to-cavity etalon wavelength detuning on the static and dynamic characteristics of 850 nm InGaAlAs high-speed oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) was investigated. Three distinct lasing regimes were revealed in large square aperture (≥7 μm per side) devices with large detuning including: (1) an anomalous lasing via higher order Hermite–Gaussian modes at low forward bias current; (2) lasing via the lowest order Hermite–Gaussian modes at high bias current; and (3) simultaneous lasing via both types of transverse modes at intermediate bias currents. In contrast to conventional multimode VCSELs a two-resonance modulation response was observed for the case of co-lasing via multiple transverse modes with high spectral separation. The reduction in the oxide aperture area resulted in classical lasing via the lowest order modes with a conventional single-resonance frequency response.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4892885},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 11 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Aug 11 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}