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Title: The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: Generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation

Abstract

In past studies, we have observed copious emissions of ionic and atomic Zn from single-crystal ZnO accompanying irradiation of single-crystal ZnO with 193-nm excimer laser irradiation at fluences below the onset of optical breakdown. The Zn{sup +} and ground state Zn° are studied using time-of-flight techniques and are mass selected using a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Simultaneously, we have observed emitted particles that are detectable with a Channeltron electron multiplier but cannot be mass selected. It is a reasonable hypothesis that these particles correspond to a neutral atom or molecule in highly excited long lived states. We provide strong evidence that they correspond to high lying Rydberg states of atomic Zn. We propose a production mechanism involving laser excitation via a two photon resonance excitation of Zn°.

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-2814 (United States)
  2. Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314680
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ATOMS; ELECTRON MULTIPLIERS; EMISSION; EXCIMER LASERS; EXCITATION; GROUND STATES; INTERACTIONS; IRRADIATION; LASER RADIATION; MASS; MASS SPECTROMETERS; MOLECULES; MONOCRYSTALS; PHOTONS; RYDBERG STATES; TIME-OF-FLIGHT METHOD; ZINC IONS; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Khan, Enamul H., Langford, S. C., Dickinson, J. T., E-mail: jtd@wsu.edu, and Boatner, L. A. The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: Generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4892847.
Khan, Enamul H., Langford, S. C., Dickinson, J. T., E-mail: jtd@wsu.edu, & Boatner, L. A. The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: Generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892847.
Khan, Enamul H., Langford, S. C., Dickinson, J. T., E-mail: jtd@wsu.edu, and Boatner, L. A. Thu . "The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: Generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892847.
@article{osti_22314680,
title = {The interaction of 193 nm excimer laser radiation with single-crystal zinc oxide: Generation of long lived highly excited particles with evidence of Zn Rydberg formation},
author = {Khan, Enamul H. and Langford, S. C. and Dickinson, J. T., E-mail: jtd@wsu.edu and Boatner, L. A.},
abstractNote = {In past studies, we have observed copious emissions of ionic and atomic Zn from single-crystal ZnO accompanying irradiation of single-crystal ZnO with 193-nm excimer laser irradiation at fluences below the onset of optical breakdown. The Zn{sup +} and ground state Zn° are studied using time-of-flight techniques and are mass selected using a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Simultaneously, we have observed emitted particles that are detectable with a Channeltron electron multiplier but cannot be mass selected. It is a reasonable hypothesis that these particles correspond to a neutral atom or molecule in highly excited long lived states. We provide strong evidence that they correspond to high lying Rydberg states of atomic Zn. We propose a production mechanism involving laser excitation via a two photon resonance excitation of Zn°.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4892847},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Aug 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Thu Aug 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}