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Title: Optical generation of a spatially variant two-dimensional lattice structure by using a phase only spatial light modulator

Abstract

We propose a simple and straightforward method to generate spatially variant lattice structures by optical interference lithography method. Using this method, it is possible to independently vary the orientation and period of the two-dimensional lattice. The method consists of two steps which are: numerical synthesis of corresponding phase mask by employing a two-dimensional integrated gradient calculations and experimental implementation of synthesized phase mask by making use of a phase only spatial light modulator in an optical 4f Fourier filtering setup. As a working example, we provide the experimental fabrication of a spatially variant square lattice structure which has the possibility to guide a Gaussian beam through a 90° bend by photonic crystal self-collimation phenomena. The method is digitally reconfigurable, is completely scalable, and could be extended to other kind of lattices as well.

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Photonics Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314466
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; CRYSTALS; FABRICATION; FOURIER ANALYSIS; INTERFERENCE; OPTICS; TWO-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS

Citation Formats

Kumar, Manish, E-mail: manishk@physics.iitd.ac.in, and Joseph, Joby, E-mail: joby@physics.iitd.ac.in. Optical generation of a spatially variant two-dimensional lattice structure by using a phase only spatial light modulator. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4892447.
Kumar, Manish, E-mail: manishk@physics.iitd.ac.in, & Joseph, Joby, E-mail: joby@physics.iitd.ac.in. Optical generation of a spatially variant two-dimensional lattice structure by using a phase only spatial light modulator. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892447.
Kumar, Manish, E-mail: manishk@physics.iitd.ac.in, and Joseph, Joby, E-mail: joby@physics.iitd.ac.in. Mon . "Optical generation of a spatially variant two-dimensional lattice structure by using a phase only spatial light modulator". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4892447.
@article{osti_22314466,
title = {Optical generation of a spatially variant two-dimensional lattice structure by using a phase only spatial light modulator},
author = {Kumar, Manish, E-mail: manishk@physics.iitd.ac.in and Joseph, Joby, E-mail: joby@physics.iitd.ac.in},
abstractNote = {We propose a simple and straightforward method to generate spatially variant lattice structures by optical interference lithography method. Using this method, it is possible to independently vary the orientation and period of the two-dimensional lattice. The method consists of two steps which are: numerical synthesis of corresponding phase mask by employing a two-dimensional integrated gradient calculations and experimental implementation of synthesized phase mask by making use of a phase only spatial light modulator in an optical 4f Fourier filtering setup. As a working example, we provide the experimental fabrication of a spatially variant square lattice structure which has the possibility to guide a Gaussian beam through a 90° bend by photonic crystal self-collimation phenomena. The method is digitally reconfigurable, is completely scalable, and could be extended to other kind of lattices as well.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4892447},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Aug 04 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Aug 04 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}