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Title: Resolving the bulk ion region of millimeter-wave collective Thomson scattering spectra at ASDEX Upgrade

Abstract

Collective Thomson scattering (CTS) measurements provide information about the composition and velocity distribution of confined ion populations in fusion plasmas. The bulk ion part of the CTS spectrum is dominated by scattering off fluctuations driven by the motion of thermalized ion populations. It thus contains information about the ion temperature, rotation velocity, and plasma composition. To resolve the bulk ion region and access this information, we installed a fast acquisition system capable of sampling rates up to 12.5 GS/s in the CTS system at ASDEX Upgrade. CTS spectra with frequency resolution in the range of 1 MHz are then obtained through direct digitization and Fourier analysis of the CTS signal. We here describe the design, calibration, and operation of the fast receiver system and give examples of measured bulk ion CTS spectra showing the effects of changing ion temperature, rotation velocity, and plasma composition.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [3]; ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Association EURATOM-DTU, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby (Denmark)
  2. Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)
  3. (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314450
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 85; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 Euratom; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ASDEX TOKAMAK; CALIBRATION; FLUCTUATIONS; FOURIER ANALYSIS; ION TEMPERATURE; IONS; MHZ RANGE; PLASMA; RESOLUTION; SAMPLING; SIGNALS; SPECTRA; THOMSON SCATTERING

Citation Formats

Stejner, M., E-mail: mspe@fysik.dtu.dk, Nielsen, S., Jacobsen, A. S., Korsholm, S. B., Leipold, F., Meo, F., Michelsen, P. K., Rasmussen, J., Salewski, M., Moseev, D., Association Euratom-FOM Institute DIFFER, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, Schubert, M., Stober, J., and Wagner, D. H. Resolving the bulk ion region of millimeter-wave collective Thomson scattering spectra at ASDEX Upgrade. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4894199.
Stejner, M., E-mail: mspe@fysik.dtu.dk, Nielsen, S., Jacobsen, A. S., Korsholm, S. B., Leipold, F., Meo, F., Michelsen, P. K., Rasmussen, J., Salewski, M., Moseev, D., Association Euratom-FOM Institute DIFFER, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, Schubert, M., Stober, J., & Wagner, D. H. Resolving the bulk ion region of millimeter-wave collective Thomson scattering spectra at ASDEX Upgrade. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894199.
Stejner, M., E-mail: mspe@fysik.dtu.dk, Nielsen, S., Jacobsen, A. S., Korsholm, S. B., Leipold, F., Meo, F., Michelsen, P. K., Rasmussen, J., Salewski, M., Moseev, D., Association Euratom-FOM Institute DIFFER, 3430 BE Nieuwegein, Schubert, M., Stober, J., and Wagner, D. H. Mon . "Resolving the bulk ion region of millimeter-wave collective Thomson scattering spectra at ASDEX Upgrade". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894199.
@article{osti_22314450,
title = {Resolving the bulk ion region of millimeter-wave collective Thomson scattering spectra at ASDEX Upgrade},
author = {Stejner, M., E-mail: mspe@fysik.dtu.dk and Nielsen, S. and Jacobsen, A. S. and Korsholm, S. B. and Leipold, F. and Meo, F. and Michelsen, P. K. and Rasmussen, J. and Salewski, M. and Moseev, D. and Association Euratom-FOM Institute DIFFER, 3430 BE Nieuwegein and Schubert, M. and Stober, J. and Wagner, D. H.},
abstractNote = {Collective Thomson scattering (CTS) measurements provide information about the composition and velocity distribution of confined ion populations in fusion plasmas. The bulk ion part of the CTS spectrum is dominated by scattering off fluctuations driven by the motion of thermalized ion populations. It thus contains information about the ion temperature, rotation velocity, and plasma composition. To resolve the bulk ion region and access this information, we installed a fast acquisition system capable of sampling rates up to 12.5 GS/s in the CTS system at ASDEX Upgrade. CTS spectra with frequency resolution in the range of 1 MHz are then obtained through direct digitization and Fourier analysis of the CTS signal. We here describe the design, calibration, and operation of the fast receiver system and give examples of measured bulk ion CTS spectra showing the effects of changing ion temperature, rotation velocity, and plasma composition.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4894199},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
issn = {0034-6748},
number = 9,
volume = 85,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}