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Title: Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays

Abstract

In this work, we used numerical simulations to study the magnetic ground state of the thin elongated (elliptical) ferromagnetic nano-islands made of Permalloy. In these systems, the effects of demagnetization of dipolar source generate a strong magnetic anisotropy due to particle shape, defining two fundamental magnetic ground state configurations—vortex or type C. To describe the system, we considered a model Hamiltonian in which the magnetic moments interact through exchange and dipolar potentials. We studied the competition between the vortex states and aligned states—type C—as a function of the shape of each elliptical nano-islands and constructed a phase diagram vortex—type C state. Our results show that it is possible to obtain the elongated nano-islands in the C-state with aspect ratios less than 2, which is interesting from the technological point of view because it will be possible to use smaller islands in spin ice arrays. Generally, the experimental spin ice arrangements are made with quite elongated particles with aspect ratio approximately 3 to ensure the C-state.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ; ; ; ;  [3]
  1. Departamento Acadêmico de Matemática, Física e Estatística, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Sudeste de Minas Gerais - Câmpus Rio Pomba, Rio Pomba, Minas Gerais 36180-000 (Brazil)
  2. (Brazil)
  3. Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330 (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22314394
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ANISOTROPY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DEMAGNETIZATION; GROUND STATES; HAMILTONIANS; ICE; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; PERMALLOY; PHASE DIAGRAMS; SPIN; VORTICES

Citation Formats

Vieira Júnior, D. S., E-mail: damiao.vieira@ifsudestemg.edu.br, Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330, Leonel, S. A., E-mail: sidiney@fisica.ufjf.br, Dias, R. A., E-mail: radias@fisica.ufjf.br, Toscano, D., E-mail: danilotoscano@fisica.ufjf.br, Coura, P. Z., E-mail: pablo@fisica.ufjf.br, and Sato, F., E-mail: sjfsato@fisica.ufjf.br. Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4894252.
Vieira Júnior, D. S., E-mail: damiao.vieira@ifsudestemg.edu.br, Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330, Leonel, S. A., E-mail: sidiney@fisica.ufjf.br, Dias, R. A., E-mail: radias@fisica.ufjf.br, Toscano, D., E-mail: danilotoscano@fisica.ufjf.br, Coura, P. Z., E-mail: pablo@fisica.ufjf.br, & Sato, F., E-mail: sjfsato@fisica.ufjf.br. Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894252.
Vieira Júnior, D. S., E-mail: damiao.vieira@ifsudestemg.edu.br, Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330, Leonel, S. A., E-mail: sidiney@fisica.ufjf.br, Dias, R. A., E-mail: radias@fisica.ufjf.br, Toscano, D., E-mail: danilotoscano@fisica.ufjf.br, Coura, P. Z., E-mail: pablo@fisica.ufjf.br, and Sato, F., E-mail: sjfsato@fisica.ufjf.br. Sun . "Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894252.
@article{osti_22314394,
title = {Ground state study of the thin ferromagnetic nano-islands for artificial spin ice arrays},
author = {Vieira Júnior, D. S., E-mail: damiao.vieira@ifsudestemg.edu.br and Departamento de Física, Laboratório de Simulação Computacional, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais 36036-330 and Leonel, S. A., E-mail: sidiney@fisica.ufjf.br and Dias, R. A., E-mail: radias@fisica.ufjf.br and Toscano, D., E-mail: danilotoscano@fisica.ufjf.br and Coura, P. Z., E-mail: pablo@fisica.ufjf.br and Sato, F., E-mail: sjfsato@fisica.ufjf.br},
abstractNote = {In this work, we used numerical simulations to study the magnetic ground state of the thin elongated (elliptical) ferromagnetic nano-islands made of Permalloy. In these systems, the effects of demagnetization of dipolar source generate a strong magnetic anisotropy due to particle shape, defining two fundamental magnetic ground state configurations—vortex or type C. To describe the system, we considered a model Hamiltonian in which the magnetic moments interact through exchange and dipolar potentials. We studied the competition between the vortex states and aligned states—type C—as a function of the shape of each elliptical nano-islands and constructed a phase diagram vortex—type C state. Our results show that it is possible to obtain the elongated nano-islands in the C-state with aspect ratios less than 2, which is interesting from the technological point of view because it will be possible to use smaller islands in spin ice arrays. Generally, the experimental spin ice arrangements are made with quite elongated particles with aspect ratio approximately 3 to ensure the C-state.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4894252},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 9,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Sep 07 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Sun Sep 07 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
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