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Title: Impact of dislocations and dangling bond defects on the electrical performance of crystalline silicon thin films

Abstract

A wide variety of liquid and solid phase crystallized silicon films are investigated in order to determine the performance limiting defect types in crystalline silicon thin-film solar cells. Complementary characterization methods, such as electron spin resonance, photoluminescence, and electron microscopy, yield the densities of dangling bond defects and dislocations which are correlated with the electronic material quality in terms of solar cell open circuit voltage. The results indicate that the strongly differing performance of small-grained solid and large-grain liquid phase crystallized silicon can be explained by intra-grain defects like dislocations rather than grain boundary dangling bonds. A numerical model is developed containing both defect types, dislocations and dangling bonds, describing the experimental results.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5]
  1. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany)
  2. Brandenburgische Technische Universität, Cottbus (Germany)
  3. (Oder) (Germany)
  4. (China)
  5. IHP Microelectronics, Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22311081
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 105; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CRYSTAL DEFECTS; DISLOCATIONS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SILICON; SOLAR CELLS; SOLIDS; THIN FILMS

Citation Formats

Steffens, S., Becker, C., E-mail: christiane.becker@helmholtz-berlin.de, Amkreutz, D., Schnegg, A., Abou-Ras, D., Lips, K., Rech, B., Klossek, A., Kittler, M., IHP Microelectronics, Frankfurt, Chen, Y.-Y., Green Energy and Environment Research Labs, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, and Klingsporn, M. Impact of dislocations and dangling bond defects on the electrical performance of crystalline silicon thin films. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4890625.
Steffens, S., Becker, C., E-mail: christiane.becker@helmholtz-berlin.de, Amkreutz, D., Schnegg, A., Abou-Ras, D., Lips, K., Rech, B., Klossek, A., Kittler, M., IHP Microelectronics, Frankfurt, Chen, Y.-Y., Green Energy and Environment Research Labs, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, & Klingsporn, M. Impact of dislocations and dangling bond defects on the electrical performance of crystalline silicon thin films. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890625.
Steffens, S., Becker, C., E-mail: christiane.becker@helmholtz-berlin.de, Amkreutz, D., Schnegg, A., Abou-Ras, D., Lips, K., Rech, B., Klossek, A., Kittler, M., IHP Microelectronics, Frankfurt, Chen, Y.-Y., Green Energy and Environment Research Labs, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, and Klingsporn, M. Mon . "Impact of dislocations and dangling bond defects on the electrical performance of crystalline silicon thin films". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890625.
@article{osti_22311081,
title = {Impact of dislocations and dangling bond defects on the electrical performance of crystalline silicon thin films},
author = {Steffens, S. and Becker, C., E-mail: christiane.becker@helmholtz-berlin.de and Amkreutz, D. and Schnegg, A. and Abou-Ras, D. and Lips, K. and Rech, B. and Klossek, A. and Kittler, M. and IHP Microelectronics, Frankfurt and Chen, Y.-Y. and Green Energy and Environment Research Labs, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan and Klingsporn, M.},
abstractNote = {A wide variety of liquid and solid phase crystallized silicon films are investigated in order to determine the performance limiting defect types in crystalline silicon thin-film solar cells. Complementary characterization methods, such as electron spin resonance, photoluminescence, and electron microscopy, yield the densities of dangling bond defects and dislocations which are correlated with the electronic material quality in terms of solar cell open circuit voltage. The results indicate that the strongly differing performance of small-grained solid and large-grain liquid phase crystallized silicon can be explained by intra-grain defects like dislocations rather than grain boundary dangling bonds. A numerical model is developed containing both defect types, dislocations and dangling bonds, describing the experimental results.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4890625},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 105,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 14 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
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