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Title: Realizing one-dimensional quantum and high-frequency transport features in aligned single-walled carbon nanotube ropes

Abstract

The superiority of the electronic transport properties of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) ropes over SWNT mats is verified from low temperature and frequency-dependent transport. The overall change of resistance versus in nanotube mats shows that 3D variable range hopping is the dominant conduction mechanism within the 2–300 K range. The magneto-resistance (MR) is found to be predominantly negative with a parabolic nature, which can also be described by the hopping model. Although the positive upturn of the MR at low temperatures establishes the contribution from quantum interference, the inherent quantum transport in individual tubes is suppressed at elevated temperatures. Therefore, to minimize multi-channel effects from inter-tube interactions and other defects, two-terminal devices were fabricated from aligned SWNT (extracted from a mat) for low temperature transport as well as high-frequency measurements. In contrast to the mat, the aligned ropes exhibit step-like features in the differential conductance within the 80–300 K temperature range. The effects of plasmon propagation, unique to one dimension, were identified in electronic transport as a non-universal power-law dependence of the differential conductance on temperature and source-drain voltage. The complex impedance showed high power transmission capabilities up to 65 GHz as well as oscillations in the frequency range up to 30 GHz.more » The measurements suggest that aligned SWNT ropes have a realistic potential for high-speed device applications.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Nano-Scale Transport Physics Laboratory, School of Physics and DST/NRF Centre of Excellence in Strong Materials, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, WITS 2050, Johannesburg (South Africa)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308978
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON NANOTUBES; DEFECTS; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRON TRANSFER; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT; GHZ RANGE; IMPEDANCE; INTERACTIONS; INTERFERENCE; MAGNETORESISTANCE; ONE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS; OSCILLATIONS; POWER TRANSMISSION; ROPES

Citation Formats

Ncube, Siphephile, Chimowa, George, Chiguvare, Zivayi, and Bhattacharyya, Somnath, E-mail: Somnath.Bhattacharyya@wits.ac.za. Realizing one-dimensional quantum and high-frequency transport features in aligned single-walled carbon nanotube ropes. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4886758.
Ncube, Siphephile, Chimowa, George, Chiguvare, Zivayi, & Bhattacharyya, Somnath, E-mail: Somnath.Bhattacharyya@wits.ac.za. Realizing one-dimensional quantum and high-frequency transport features in aligned single-walled carbon nanotube ropes. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4886758.
Ncube, Siphephile, Chimowa, George, Chiguvare, Zivayi, and Bhattacharyya, Somnath, E-mail: Somnath.Bhattacharyya@wits.ac.za. Mon . "Realizing one-dimensional quantum and high-frequency transport features in aligned single-walled carbon nanotube ropes". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4886758.
@article{osti_22308978,
title = {Realizing one-dimensional quantum and high-frequency transport features in aligned single-walled carbon nanotube ropes},
author = {Ncube, Siphephile and Chimowa, George and Chiguvare, Zivayi and Bhattacharyya, Somnath, E-mail: Somnath.Bhattacharyya@wits.ac.za},
abstractNote = {The superiority of the electronic transport properties of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) ropes over SWNT mats is verified from low temperature and frequency-dependent transport. The overall change of resistance versus in nanotube mats shows that 3D variable range hopping is the dominant conduction mechanism within the 2–300 K range. The magneto-resistance (MR) is found to be predominantly negative with a parabolic nature, which can also be described by the hopping model. Although the positive upturn of the MR at low temperatures establishes the contribution from quantum interference, the inherent quantum transport in individual tubes is suppressed at elevated temperatures. Therefore, to minimize multi-channel effects from inter-tube interactions and other defects, two-terminal devices were fabricated from aligned SWNT (extracted from a mat) for low temperature transport as well as high-frequency measurements. In contrast to the mat, the aligned ropes exhibit step-like features in the differential conductance within the 80–300 K temperature range. The effects of plasmon propagation, unique to one dimension, were identified in electronic transport as a non-universal power-law dependence of the differential conductance on temperature and source-drain voltage. The complex impedance showed high power transmission capabilities up to 65 GHz as well as oscillations in the frequency range up to 30 GHz. The measurements suggest that aligned SWNT ropes have a realistic potential for high-speed device applications.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4886758},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 2,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {7}
}