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Title: Photoluminescence in Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} ferroelectric ceramic system

Abstract

Over the past several years, there has been a remarkable growth and development in new ceramic and/or composite materials to be used in the electro-electronic industry. Ferroelectric materials have been recognized for their multifunctional physical properties; also, their optical properties are a subject of intense research effort due to their possible electro-optic applications. In this work, the visible photoluminescence effect is analyzed at room temperature in a sintered Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} perovskite-type structure system, doped with Sr and Cr. The excitation bands used were 267, 325, 373, 457, 635, and 680 nm, but the best result was obtained at 373 nm. The intensity and energy of such emission in this system have been studied by changing the molar Cr concentration (0 < y < 0.005) and the Ti content (x), with x = 0.20, 0.40, 0.53, 0.60, and 0.80, on both sides of the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) zone. The principal emission bands are at the energies 1.73, 1.87, and 3.03 eV. The changes that were caused by Zr or Ti ions in the symmetry presented in the rhombohedral or tetragonal side of the MPB are more important. Additionally, structural and micro-structural measurements were performed by the x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques,more » respectively. The micro-Raman technique is also used in the study of this set of samples, which allows finding the Raman shift modes and the influence on the structural changes of the dopants.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5]
  1. Departamento de Física Aplicada, Instituto de Cibernética, Matemática y Física, 15 # 551, Vedado, Ciudad Habana, CP 10400 (Cuba)
  2. (Mexico)
  3. Laboratorio de Magnetismo, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología de Materiales, Universidad de La Habana, La Habana, CP 10400 (Cuba)
  4. Grupo de Ferroelétricos e Materiais Multifuncionais, Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, MG (Brazil)
  5. CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro (Mexico)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308518
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CERAMICS; CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; CRYSTAL GROWTH; DOPED MATERIALS; EXCITATION; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; LEAD COMPOUNDS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PEROVSKITE; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STRONTIUM COMPOUNDS; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; TITANIUM IONS; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZIRCONIUM COMPOUNDS

Citation Formats

Hernández-García, M., Costa-Marrero, J., Durruthy-Rodríguez, M. D., E-mail: dolores@icmf.inf.cu, CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Calderón-Piñar, F., CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Guerra, J. D. S., and Yañez-Limón, J. M. Photoluminescence in Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} ferroelectric ceramic system. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4885762.
Hernández-García, M., Costa-Marrero, J., Durruthy-Rodríguez, M. D., E-mail: dolores@icmf.inf.cu, CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Calderón-Piñar, F., CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Guerra, J. D. S., & Yañez-Limón, J. M. Photoluminescence in Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} ferroelectric ceramic system. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4885762.
Hernández-García, M., Costa-Marrero, J., Durruthy-Rodríguez, M. D., E-mail: dolores@icmf.inf.cu, CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Calderón-Piñar, F., CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro, Guerra, J. D. S., and Yañez-Limón, J. M. Mon . "Photoluminescence in Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} ferroelectric ceramic system". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4885762.
@article{osti_22308518,
title = {Photoluminescence in Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} ferroelectric ceramic system},
author = {Hernández-García, M. and Costa-Marrero, J. and Durruthy-Rodríguez, M. D., E-mail: dolores@icmf.inf.cu and CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro and Calderón-Piñar, F. and CINVESTAV-Unidad Querétaro, IPN, Libramiento Norponiente No. 2000, Fracc. Real de Juriquilla, CP. 76230 Querétaro, Querétaro and Guerra, J. D. S. and Yañez-Limón, J. M.},
abstractNote = {Over the past several years, there has been a remarkable growth and development in new ceramic and/or composite materials to be used in the electro-electronic industry. Ferroelectric materials have been recognized for their multifunctional physical properties; also, their optical properties are a subject of intense research effort due to their possible electro-optic applications. In this work, the visible photoluminescence effect is analyzed at room temperature in a sintered Pb{sub 0.95}Sr{sub 0.05}(Zr{sub 1−x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1−y}Cr{sub y}O{sub 3} perovskite-type structure system, doped with Sr and Cr. The excitation bands used were 267, 325, 373, 457, 635, and 680 nm, but the best result was obtained at 373 nm. The intensity and energy of such emission in this system have been studied by changing the molar Cr concentration (0 < y < 0.005) and the Ti content (x), with x = 0.20, 0.40, 0.53, 0.60, and 0.80, on both sides of the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) zone. The principal emission bands are at the energies 1.73, 1.87, and 3.03 eV. The changes that were caused by Zr or Ti ions in the symmetry presented in the rhombohedral or tetragonal side of the MPB are more important. Additionally, structural and micro-structural measurements were performed by the x-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy techniques, respectively. The micro-Raman technique is also used in the study of this set of samples, which allows finding the Raman shift modes and the influence on the structural changes of the dopants.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4885762},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
  • (0.95)Pb(Zr{sub x}Ti{sub 1−x})O{sub 3}-(0.05)BiFeO{sub 3} nanoceramics with x=0.51, 0.53 and 0.55 were synthesized by sol-gel route. Rietveld refined X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the samples confirm the single phase formation of compounds with tetragonal structure (P4mm). FT-IR studies revealed that slight shift of phonon modes towards the lower wave number and increase in the bond length with increasing Zr{sup 4+} concentration. Room temperature dielectric properties of system revealed that relaxor characteristics of these samples. Ferroelectric hysteresis curve shows the decrease in polarization values with Zr concentration.
  • The Curie temperature and the ideal thermal hysteresis of Pb{sub 1{minus}y/2}(Zr{sub 1{minus}x}Ti{sub x}){sub 1{minus}y}Nb{sub y}O{sub 3} (0.03 {le}x{le}0.04, 0.02{le}y{le}0.05) ferroelectric ceramics have been investigated as a function of composition at the F{sub RH}{endash}P{sub C} phase transition. Experimental results are analyzed using the generalized effective field approach and taking into account the composition dependence of the dimensionless parameters g and h corresponding to the second and third terms in the generalized effective field expansion. With this approach we can describe reasonably well the composition dependence of T{sub C}(x,y) at the F{sub RH}{endash}P{sub C} transition and thermal hysteresis {Delta}T(x,y) in the narrowmore » range of compositions investigated. The effects of the oxygen octahedra tilt in the dielectric constant at the F{sub RL}{endash}F{sub RH} transition have also been investigated as a function of composition. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}« less
  • Zr-rich, Nb-doped lead zirconate titanate ceramic and powder samples with composition near Pb{sub 0.99}(Zr{sub 0.95}Ti{sub 0.05}){sub 0.98}Nb{sub 0.02}O{sub 3} [PZT95/5(2Nb)] have been studied in the range of hydrostatic pressure 0-6.2 kbar and temperature 12-295 K by time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and dielectric measurements. The combination of the two techniques has led to further insights into the properties and pressure-induced ferroelectric rhombohedral R3c (F{sub R(LT)}) to antiferroelectric orthorhombic Pbam (A{sub O}) phase transition in this material, and the diffraction results have provided a detailed view of the ionic displacements induced by changes in pressure and temperature as well as the displacementsmore » accompanying the transition. At 295 K the diffraction results revealed a sharp transition at 2.1 kbar; at 200 K this transition occurs at 1.1 kbar. The transformation is incomplete: after the initial sharp drop in the F{sub R(LT)} content at the transition, 20 wt % of the sample remains in the low-pressure F{sub R(LT)} phase. Above the transition, the fraction of F{sub R(LT)}, which exists as a minority phase in the high-pressure A{sub O} phase, continues to decrease, but even at our highest pressure of 6.2 kbar, {approx}8 wt % of the sample remains in the F{sub R(LT)} phase. The volume contraction at the F{sub R(LT)}-to-A{sub O} transition unexpectedly results in the retained minority F{sub R(LT)} being anisotropically ''clamped,'' with its a axis slightly expanded and c axis contracted at the transition. On pressure release to 1 bar at 295 K, only 26% of the F{sub R(LT)} phase is recovered, and this remains in the clamped state because of the surrounding majority A{sub O} phase. Heating the sample above 350 K at 1 bar followed by cooling to room temperature results in full recovery of the F{sub R(LT)} phase. The spontaneous polarization (P{sub S}) of the F{sub R(LT)} phase and its pressure and temperature dependences were determined from the ionic displacements. At 295 K, P{sub S}=38 {mu}C/cm{sup 2}--a value greater than the 31-32 {mu}C/cm{sup 2} commonly observed on ceramic PZT95/5(2Nb) samples. The difference is undoubtedly related to residual porosity in ceramic samples as well as the inability of the poling electric field to align all the polar domains. P{sub S} increases monotonically with decreasing temperature, reaching a value of {approx}44 {mu}C/cm{sup 2} at 12 K.« less
  • No abstract prepared.
  • Robocasting, a computer controlled slurry deposition technique, was used to fabricate ceramic monoliths and composites of chemically prepared Pb(Zr{sub 0.95}Ti{sub 0.05})O{sub 3} (PZT 95/5) ceramics. Densities and electrical properties of the robocast samples were equivalent to those obtained for cold isostatically pressed (CIP) parts formed at 200 MPa. Robocast composites consisting of alternate layers of the following sintered densities: (93.9%--96.1%--93.9%), were fabricated using different levels of organic pore former additions. Modification from a single to a multiple material deposition robocaster was essential to the fabrication of composites that could withstand repeated cycles of saturated polarization switching under 30 kV/cm fields.more » Further, these composites withstood 500 MPa hydrostatic pressure induced poled ferroelectric (FE) to antiferroelectric (AFE) phase transformation during which strain differences on the order of 0.8% occurred between composite elements.« less