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Title: Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven α → ϵ phase transition in iron

Abstract

We provide a unique set of observations of the behavior of the α→ϵ phase transition under a complex axially symmetric loading path created by sweeping a detonation wave along the end surface of a cylindrical sample. The primary data sets are the measured mass density distributions acquired at 5 independent times during the sweep of the detonation along the surface. Shocked regions and boundaries are measured, as well as regions and boundaries of elevated density (presumed to be the ϵ−phase iron). The formation and dynamics of these regions were captured and are available for comparisons to material descriptions. We also applied 16 Photon Doppler Velocimetry probes to capture the free surface velocity along a discrete set of radially distributed points in order to compare and correlate the density measurements with previous shock wave studies. The velocimetry data are in nearly exact agreement with previous shock wave studies of the α→ϵ phase transition, the density distributions, while generally in agreement with expectations evolved from the shock wave studies, show that the epsilon phase is generated in regions of high shear stress but at hydrostatic stresses below the typically quoted 13 GPa value. The density field measurements are particularly useful for observing themore » effects of the forward and reverse transformation kinetics, as well as the reverse transformation hysteresis.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308514
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AXIAL SYMMETRY; CAPTURE; CYLINDRICAL CONFIGURATION; DETONATION WAVES; DISTRIBUTION; EXPLOSIONS; HYSTERESIS; IRON; MASS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOTONS; PRESSURE RANGE GIGA PA; SHEAR; STRESSES; SURFACES; TRANSFORMATIONS

Citation Formats

Hull, L. M., Gray, G. T., and Warthen, B. J.. Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven α → ϵ phase transition in iron. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4890509.
Hull, L. M., Gray, G. T., & Warthen, B. J.. Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven α → ϵ phase transition in iron. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890509.
Hull, L. M., Gray, G. T., and Warthen, B. J.. Mon . "Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven α → ϵ phase transition in iron". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4890509.
@article{osti_22308514,
title = {Dynamic density field measurements of an explosively driven α → ϵ phase transition in iron},
author = {Hull, L. M. and Gray, G. T. and Warthen, B. J.},
abstractNote = {We provide a unique set of observations of the behavior of the α→ϵ phase transition under a complex axially symmetric loading path created by sweeping a detonation wave along the end surface of a cylindrical sample. The primary data sets are the measured mass density distributions acquired at 5 independent times during the sweep of the detonation along the surface. Shocked regions and boundaries are measured, as well as regions and boundaries of elevated density (presumed to be the ϵ−phase iron). The formation and dynamics of these regions were captured and are available for comparisons to material descriptions. We also applied 16 Photon Doppler Velocimetry probes to capture the free surface velocity along a discrete set of radially distributed points in order to compare and correlate the density measurements with previous shock wave studies. The velocimetry data are in nearly exact agreement with previous shock wave studies of the α→ϵ phase transition, the density distributions, while generally in agreement with expectations evolved from the shock wave studies, show that the epsilon phase is generated in regions of high shear stress but at hydrostatic stresses below the typically quoted 13 GPa value. The density field measurements are particularly useful for observing the effects of the forward and reverse transformation kinetics, as well as the reverse transformation hysteresis.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4890509},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Jul 28 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}