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Title: Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique

Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the food consumption pattern and gastric emptying time using x-radiography technique in scats fish, Scatophagus argus feeding to satiation in laboratory conditions. Prior to feeding experiment, fish of various sizes were examined their stomach volume, using freshly prepared stomachs ligatured at the tips of the burret, where the maximum amount of distilled water collected in the stomach were measured (ml). Stomach volume is correlated with maximum food intake (S{sub max}) and it can estimate the maximum stomach distension by allometric model i.e volume=0.0000089W{sup 2.93}. Gastric emptying time was estimated using a qualitative X-radiography technique, where the fish of various sizes were fed to satiation at different time since feeding. All the experimental fish was feed into satiation using radio-opaque barium sulphate (BaSO{sub 4}) paste injected in the wet shrimp in proportion to the body weight. The BaSO{sub 4} was found suitable to track the movement of feed/prey in the stomach over time and gastric emptying time of scats fish can be estimated. The results of qualitative X-Radiography observation of gastric motility, showed the fish (200 gm) that fed to maximum satiation meal (circa 11 gm) completely emptied their stomach within 30 - 36more » hrs. The results of the present study will provide the first baseline information on the stomach volume, gastric emptying of scats fish in captivity.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)
  2. Marine Ecosystem Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi (Malaysia)
  3. School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan M (Malaysia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22308349
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1614; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 2014 UKM FST postgraduate colloquium, Selangor (Malaysia), 9-11 Apr 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; BARIUM SULFATES; DIGESTION; FEEDING; FISHES; FOOD; INTAKE; PARTICLE TRACKS; STOMACH; WATER; WEIGHT; X-RAY RADIOGRAPHY

Citation Formats

Hashim, Marina, Abidin, Diana Atiqah Zainal, Das, Simon K., and Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4895294.
Hashim, Marina, Abidin, Diana Atiqah Zainal, Das, Simon K., & Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4895294.
Hashim, Marina, Abidin, Diana Atiqah Zainal, Das, Simon K., and Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. Wed . "Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4895294.
@article{osti_22308349,
title = {Food consumption and digestion time estimation of spotted scat, Scatophagus argus, using X-radiography technique},
author = {Hashim, Marina and Abidin, Diana Atiqah Zainal and Das, Simon K. and Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd.},
abstractNote = {The present study was conducted to investigate the food consumption pattern and gastric emptying time using x-radiography technique in scats fish, Scatophagus argus feeding to satiation in laboratory conditions. Prior to feeding experiment, fish of various sizes were examined their stomach volume, using freshly prepared stomachs ligatured at the tips of the burret, where the maximum amount of distilled water collected in the stomach were measured (ml). Stomach volume is correlated with maximum food intake (S{sub max}) and it can estimate the maximum stomach distension by allometric model i.e volume=0.0000089W{sup 2.93}. Gastric emptying time was estimated using a qualitative X-radiography technique, where the fish of various sizes were fed to satiation at different time since feeding. All the experimental fish was feed into satiation using radio-opaque barium sulphate (BaSO{sub 4}) paste injected in the wet shrimp in proportion to the body weight. The BaSO{sub 4} was found suitable to track the movement of feed/prey in the stomach over time and gastric emptying time of scats fish can be estimated. The results of qualitative X-Radiography observation of gastric motility, showed the fish (200 gm) that fed to maximum satiation meal (circa 11 gm) completely emptied their stomach within 30 - 36 hrs. The results of the present study will provide the first baseline information on the stomach volume, gastric emptying of scats fish in captivity.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4895294},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1614,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Sep 03 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Wed Sep 03 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}