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Title: Quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities in the lattice of subspaces

Abstract

The orthocomplemented modular lattice of subspaces L[H(d)], of a quantum system with d-dimensional Hilbert space H(d), is considered. A generalized additivity relation which holds for Kolmogorov probabilities is violated by quantum probabilities in the full lattice L[H(d)] (it is only valid within the Boolean subalgebras of L[H(d)]). This suggests the use of more general (than Kolmogorov) probability theories, and here the Dempster-Shafer probability theory is adopted. An operator D(H{sub 1},H{sub 2}), which quantifies deviations from Kolmogorov probability theory is introduced, and it is shown to be intimately related to the commutator of the projectors P(H{sub 1}),P(H{sub 2}), to the subspaces H{sub 1}, H{sub 2}. As an application, it is shown that the proof of the inequalities of Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt for a system of two spin 1/2 particles is valid for Kolmogorov probabilities, but it is not valid for Dempster-Shafer probabilities. The violation of these inequalities in experiments supports the interpretation of quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Computing, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22306083
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Mathematical Physics; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; ALGEBRA; COMMUTATORS; FERMIONS; HILBERT SPACE; PROBABILITY; SPIN

Citation Formats

Vourdas, A. Quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities in the lattice of subspaces. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4891972.
Vourdas, A. Quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities in the lattice of subspaces. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4891972.
Vourdas, A. Fri . "Quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities in the lattice of subspaces". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4891972.
@article{osti_22306083,
title = {Quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities in the lattice of subspaces},
author = {Vourdas, A.},
abstractNote = {The orthocomplemented modular lattice of subspaces L[H(d)], of a quantum system with d-dimensional Hilbert space H(d), is considered. A generalized additivity relation which holds for Kolmogorov probabilities is violated by quantum probabilities in the full lattice L[H(d)] (it is only valid within the Boolean subalgebras of L[H(d)]). This suggests the use of more general (than Kolmogorov) probability theories, and here the Dempster-Shafer probability theory is adopted. An operator D(H{sub 1},H{sub 2}), which quantifies deviations from Kolmogorov probability theory is introduced, and it is shown to be intimately related to the commutator of the projectors P(H{sub 1}),P(H{sub 2}), to the subspaces H{sub 1}, H{sub 2}. As an application, it is shown that the proof of the inequalities of Clauser, Horne, Shimony, and Holt for a system of two spin 1/2 particles is valid for Kolmogorov probabilities, but it is not valid for Dempster-Shafer probabilities. The violation of these inequalities in experiments supports the interpretation of quantum probabilities as Dempster-Shafer probabilities.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4891972},
journal = {Journal of Mathematical Physics},
number = 8,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}