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Title: Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains

Abstract

In-plane anisotropic strains in A-plane layers on the electronic band structure of ZnO were investigated from the viewpoint of optical polarization anisotropy. Investigations utilizing k·p perturbation theory revealed that energy transitions and associated oscillation strengths were dependent on in-plane strains. The theoretical correlation between optical polarizations and in-plane strains was experimentally demonstrated using A-plane ZnO layers with different in-plane strains. Finally, optical polarization anisotropy and its implications for in-plane optical properties are discussed in relation to the energy shift between two orthogonal directions. Higher polarization rotations were obtained in an A-plane ZnO layer with in-plane biaxially compressive strains as compared to strain-free ZnO. This study provides detailed information concerning the role played by in-plane strains in optically polarized applications based on nonpolar ZnO in the ultra-violet region.

Authors:
;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)
  2. (Japan)
  3. Department of Electronics and Information Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22305990
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; CORRELATIONS; LAYERS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; OSCILLATIONS; PERTURBATION THEORY; POLARIZATION; ROTATION; STRAINS; ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp, Tabata, Hitoshi, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Hasuike, Noriyuki, and Harima, Hiroshi. Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4895842.
Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp, Tabata, Hitoshi, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Hasuike, Noriyuki, & Harima, Hiroshi. Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4895842.
Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp, Tabata, Hitoshi, Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Hasuike, Noriyuki, and Harima, Hiroshi. Sun . "Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4895842.
@article{osti_22305990,
title = {Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains},
author = {Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp and Tabata, Hitoshi and Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 and Hasuike, Noriyuki and Harima, Hiroshi},
abstractNote = {In-plane anisotropic strains in A-plane layers on the electronic band structure of ZnO were investigated from the viewpoint of optical polarization anisotropy. Investigations utilizing k·p perturbation theory revealed that energy transitions and associated oscillation strengths were dependent on in-plane strains. The theoretical correlation between optical polarizations and in-plane strains was experimentally demonstrated using A-plane ZnO layers with different in-plane strains. Finally, optical polarization anisotropy and its implications for in-plane optical properties are discussed in relation to the energy shift between two orthogonal directions. Higher polarization rotations were obtained in an A-plane ZnO layer with in-plane biaxially compressive strains as compared to strain-free ZnO. This study provides detailed information concerning the role played by in-plane strains in optically polarized applications based on nonpolar ZnO in the ultra-violet region.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4895842},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 11,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {9}
}