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Title: Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air

Abstract

This paper describes our efforts to reveal the underlying physics of laser-triggered discharges in atmospheric air using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and schlieren photography. Unlike the hemispherical shock waves that are produced by laser ablation, bell-like morphologies are observed during laser-triggered discharges. Phase shifts are recovered from the interferograms at a time of 1000 ns by the 2D fast Fourier transform method, and then the values of the refractive index are deduced using the Abel inversion. An abundance of free electrons is expected near the cathode surface. The schlieren photographs visualize the formation of stagnation layers at ∼600 ns in the interaction zones of the laser- and discharge-produced plasmas. Multiple reflected waves are observed at later times with the development of shock wave propagations. Estimations using the Taylor-Sedov self-similar solution indicated that approximately 45.8% and 51.9% of the laser and electrical energies are transferred into the gas flow motions, respectively. Finally, numerical simulations were performed, which successfully reproduced the main features of the experimental observations, and provided valuable insights into the plasma and shock wave dynamics during the laser-triggered discharge.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Shaanxi 710049 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303596
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physics of Plasmas; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; LASERS; MACH-ZEHNDER INTERFEROMETER; MATHEMATICAL SOLUTIONS; PLASMA; REFRACTIVE INDEX; SHOCK WAVES

Citation Formats

Wei, Wenfu, Li, Xingwen, E-mail: xwli@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, Wu, Jian, Yang, Zefeng, Jia, Shenli, and Qiu, Aici. Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4893312.
Wei, Wenfu, Li, Xingwen, E-mail: xwli@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, Wu, Jian, Yang, Zefeng, Jia, Shenli, & Qiu, Aici. Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4893312.
Wei, Wenfu, Li, Xingwen, E-mail: xwli@mail.xjtu.edu.cn, Wu, Jian, Yang, Zefeng, Jia, Shenli, and Qiu, Aici. Fri . "Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4893312.
@article{osti_22303596,
title = {Interferometric and schlieren characterization of the plasmas and shock wave dynamics during laser-triggered discharge in atmospheric air},
author = {Wei, Wenfu and Li, Xingwen, E-mail: xwli@mail.xjtu.edu.cn and Wu, Jian and Yang, Zefeng and Jia, Shenli and Qiu, Aici},
abstractNote = {This paper describes our efforts to reveal the underlying physics of laser-triggered discharges in atmospheric air using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer and schlieren photography. Unlike the hemispherical shock waves that are produced by laser ablation, bell-like morphologies are observed during laser-triggered discharges. Phase shifts are recovered from the interferograms at a time of 1000 ns by the 2D fast Fourier transform method, and then the values of the refractive index are deduced using the Abel inversion. An abundance of free electrons is expected near the cathode surface. The schlieren photographs visualize the formation of stagnation layers at ∼600 ns in the interaction zones of the laser- and discharge-produced plasmas. Multiple reflected waves are observed at later times with the development of shock wave propagations. Estimations using the Taylor-Sedov self-similar solution indicated that approximately 45.8% and 51.9% of the laser and electrical energies are transferred into the gas flow motions, respectively. Finally, numerical simulations were performed, which successfully reproduced the main features of the experimental observations, and provided valuable insights into the plasma and shock wave dynamics during the laser-triggered discharge.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4893312},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 8,
volume = 21,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 15 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}