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Title: Reversible piezomagnetoelectric switching in bulk polycrystalline ceramics

Abstract

Magnetoelectric (ME) coupling in materials offer tremendous advantages in device functionality enabling technologies including advanced electronic memory, combining electronic speed, and efficiency with magnetic robustness. However, low cost polycrystalline ME materials are excluded from most commercial applications, operating only at cryogenic temperatures, impractically large electric/magnetic fields, or with low ME coefficients (1-100 mV/cm Oe). Despite this, the technological potential of single compound ME coupling has continued to drive research into multiferroics over the last two decades. Here we show that by manipulating the large induced atomic strain within the polycrystalline, room temperature multiferroic compound 0.7BiFeO{sub 3}–0.3PbTiO{sub 3}, we can induce a reversible, piezoelectric strain controlled ME effect. Employing an in situ neutron diffraction experiment, we have demonstrated that this piezomagnetoelectric effect manifests with an applied electric field >8 kV/mm at the onset of piezoelectric strain, engineered in to the compound by crystallographic phase mixing. This produces a remarkable intrinsic ME coefficient of 1276 mV/cm Oe, due to a strain driven modification to the oxygen sub-lattice, inducing an increase in magnetic moment per Fe{sup 3+} ion of +0.142 μ{sub B}. This work provides a framework for investigations into strain engineered nanostructures to realize low-cost ME devices designed from the atoms up, as wellmore » as contributing to the deeper understanding of single phase ME coupling mechanisms.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute for Materials Research, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)
  2. ISIS Neutron Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22303558
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: APL Materials; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 Author(s); Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CERAMICS; COUPLING; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; IRON IONS; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NANOSTRUCTURES; NEUTRON DIFFRACTION; PIEZOELECTRICITY; POLYCRYSTALS; STRAINS

Citation Formats

Stevenson, T., E-mail: t.j.stevenson@leeds.ac.uk, Bennett, J., Brown, A. P., Wines, T., Bell, A. J., Comyn, T. P., and Smith, R. I. Reversible piezomagnetoelectric switching in bulk polycrystalline ceramics. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4894070.
Stevenson, T., E-mail: t.j.stevenson@leeds.ac.uk, Bennett, J., Brown, A. P., Wines, T., Bell, A. J., Comyn, T. P., & Smith, R. I. Reversible piezomagnetoelectric switching in bulk polycrystalline ceramics. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894070.
Stevenson, T., E-mail: t.j.stevenson@leeds.ac.uk, Bennett, J., Brown, A. P., Wines, T., Bell, A. J., Comyn, T. P., and Smith, R. I. Fri . "Reversible piezomagnetoelectric switching in bulk polycrystalline ceramics". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4894070.
@article{osti_22303558,
title = {Reversible piezomagnetoelectric switching in bulk polycrystalline ceramics},
author = {Stevenson, T., E-mail: t.j.stevenson@leeds.ac.uk and Bennett, J. and Brown, A. P. and Wines, T. and Bell, A. J. and Comyn, T. P. and Smith, R. I.},
abstractNote = {Magnetoelectric (ME) coupling in materials offer tremendous advantages in device functionality enabling technologies including advanced electronic memory, combining electronic speed, and efficiency with magnetic robustness. However, low cost polycrystalline ME materials are excluded from most commercial applications, operating only at cryogenic temperatures, impractically large electric/magnetic fields, or with low ME coefficients (1-100 mV/cm Oe). Despite this, the technological potential of single compound ME coupling has continued to drive research into multiferroics over the last two decades. Here we show that by manipulating the large induced atomic strain within the polycrystalline, room temperature multiferroic compound 0.7BiFeO{sub 3}–0.3PbTiO{sub 3}, we can induce a reversible, piezoelectric strain controlled ME effect. Employing an in situ neutron diffraction experiment, we have demonstrated that this piezomagnetoelectric effect manifests with an applied electric field >8 kV/mm at the onset of piezoelectric strain, engineered in to the compound by crystallographic phase mixing. This produces a remarkable intrinsic ME coefficient of 1276 mV/cm Oe, due to a strain driven modification to the oxygen sub-lattice, inducing an increase in magnetic moment per Fe{sup 3+} ion of +0.142 μ{sub B}. This work provides a framework for investigations into strain engineered nanostructures to realize low-cost ME devices designed from the atoms up, as well as contributing to the deeper understanding of single phase ME coupling mechanisms.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4894070},
journal = {APL Materials},
number = 8,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Fri Aug 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
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