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Title: Efficient indium-tin-oxide free inverted organic solar cells based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide cathode and low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide electron extraction layer

Abstract

Indium-tin-oxide (ITO) free inverted organic solar cells (IOSCs) based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) cathode, low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide (ZnO) electron extraction layer, and poly(3-hexylthiophene-2, 5-diyl):[6, 6]-phenyl C{sub 61} butyric acid methyl ester blend were realized in this work. The resulted IOSC with ZnO annealed at 150 °C shows the superior power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.01%, if decreasing the ZnO annealing temperature to 100 °C, the obtained IOSC also shows a PCE of 2.76%, and no light soaking issue is observed. It is found that this ZnO film not only acts as an effective buffer layer but also slightly improves the optical transmittance of AZO substrates. Further, despite the relatively inferior air-stability, these un-encapsulated AZO/ZnO IOSCs show comparable PCEs to the referenced ITO/ZnO IOSCs, which demonstrates that the AZO cathode is a potential alternative to ITO in IOSCs. Meanwhile, this simple ZnO process is compatible with large area deposition and plastic substrates, and is promising to be widely used in IOSCs and other relative fields.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Discipline Laboratory of Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Technology, School of Microelectronics, Xidian University, No. 2 South Taibai Road, Xi'an 710071 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22299922
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM ADDITIONS; ANNEALING; BUFFERS; BUTYRIC ACID; CONVERSION; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRONS; EXTRACTION; FILMS; INDIUM OXIDES; LAYERS; ORGANIC SOLAR CELLS; PLASTICS; STABILITY; SUBSTRATES; TIN ADDITIONS; VISIBLE RADIATION; ZINC OXIDES

Citation Formats

Chen, Dazheng, Zhang, Chunfu, E-mail: cfzhang@xidian.edu.cn, Wang, Zhizhe, Zhang, Jincheng, Tang, Shi, Wei, Wei, Sun, Li, and Hao, Yue, E-mail: yhao@xidian.edu.cn. Efficient indium-tin-oxide free inverted organic solar cells based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide cathode and low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide electron extraction layer. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4884059.
Chen, Dazheng, Zhang, Chunfu, E-mail: cfzhang@xidian.edu.cn, Wang, Zhizhe, Zhang, Jincheng, Tang, Shi, Wei, Wei, Sun, Li, & Hao, Yue, E-mail: yhao@xidian.edu.cn. Efficient indium-tin-oxide free inverted organic solar cells based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide cathode and low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide electron extraction layer. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4884059.
Chen, Dazheng, Zhang, Chunfu, E-mail: cfzhang@xidian.edu.cn, Wang, Zhizhe, Zhang, Jincheng, Tang, Shi, Wei, Wei, Sun, Li, and Hao, Yue, E-mail: yhao@xidian.edu.cn. Mon . "Efficient indium-tin-oxide free inverted organic solar cells based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide cathode and low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide electron extraction layer". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4884059.
@article{osti_22299922,
title = {Efficient indium-tin-oxide free inverted organic solar cells based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide cathode and low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide electron extraction layer},
author = {Chen, Dazheng and Zhang, Chunfu, E-mail: cfzhang@xidian.edu.cn and Wang, Zhizhe and Zhang, Jincheng and Tang, Shi and Wei, Wei and Sun, Li and Hao, Yue, E-mail: yhao@xidian.edu.cn},
abstractNote = {Indium-tin-oxide (ITO) free inverted organic solar cells (IOSCs) based on aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) cathode, low-temperature aqueous solution processed zinc oxide (ZnO) electron extraction layer, and poly(3-hexylthiophene-2, 5-diyl):[6, 6]-phenyl C{sub 61} butyric acid methyl ester blend were realized in this work. The resulted IOSC with ZnO annealed at 150 °C shows the superior power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 3.01%, if decreasing the ZnO annealing temperature to 100 °C, the obtained IOSC also shows a PCE of 2.76%, and no light soaking issue is observed. It is found that this ZnO film not only acts as an effective buffer layer but also slightly improves the optical transmittance of AZO substrates. Further, despite the relatively inferior air-stability, these un-encapsulated AZO/ZnO IOSCs show comparable PCEs to the referenced ITO/ZnO IOSCs, which demonstrates that the AZO cathode is a potential alternative to ITO in IOSCs. Meanwhile, this simple ZnO process is compatible with large area deposition and plastic substrates, and is promising to be widely used in IOSCs and other relative fields.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4884059},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
issn = {0003-6951},
number = 24,
volume = 104,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {6}
}