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Title: Diffusion Dominant Solute Transport Modelling in Fractured Media Under Deep Geological Environment - 12211

Abstract

Deep geologic disposal of high activity and long-lived radioactive waste is gaining increasing support in many countries, where suitable low permeability geological formation in combination with engineered barriers are used to provide long term waste contaminant and minimise the impacts to the environment and risk to the biosphere. This modelling study examines the solute transport in fractured media under low flow velocities that are relevant to a deep geological environment. In particular, reactive solute transport through fractured media is studied using a 2-D model, that considers advection and diffusion, to explore the coupled effects of kinetic and equilibrium chemical processes. The effects of water velocity in the fracture, matrix porosity and diffusion on solute transport are investigated and discussed. Some illustrative modelled results are presented to demonstrate the use of the model to examine the effects of media degradation on solute transport, under the influences of hydrogeological (diffusion dominant) and microbially mediated chemical processes. The challenges facing the prediction of long term degradation such as cracks evolution, interaction and coalescence are highlighted. The potential of a novel microstructure informed modelling approach to account for these effects is discussed, particularly with respect to investigating multiple phenomena impact on material performance. Themore » GRM code is used to examine the effects of media degradation for a geological waste disposal package, under the combined hydrogeological (diffusion dominant) and chemical effects in low groundwater flow conditions that are typical of deep geological disposal systems. An illustrative reactive transport modelling application demonstrates the use of the code to examine the interplay of kinetic controlled biogeochemical reactive processes with advective and diffusive transport, under the influence of media degradation. The initial model results are encouraging which show the disposal system to evolve in a physically realistic manner. In the example presented the reactive-transport coupling develops chemically reducing zones, which limit the transport of uranium. This illustrates the potential significance of media degradation and chemical effect on the transport of radionuclides which would need to be taken into account when examining the long-term behaviour and containment properties of the geological disposal system. Microstructure-informed modelling and its potential linkage with continuum flow modelling is a subject of ongoing studies. The approach of microstructure-informed modelling is discussed to provide insight and a mechanistic understanding of macroscopic parameters and their evolution. The proposed theoretical and methodological basis for microstructure-informed modelling of porous quasi-brittle media has the potential to develop into an explanatory and predictive tool for deriving mechanism-based, as opposed to phenomenological, evolution laws for macroscopic properties. These concepts in micro-scale modelling are likely to be applicable to the diffusion process, in addition to advective transport illustrated here for porous media. (authors)« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. National Nuclear Laboratory (United Kingdom)
  2. Research Centre for Radwaste and Decommissioning and Modelling and Simulation Centre, University of Manchester (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
WM Symposia, 1628 E. Southern Avenue, Suite 9-332, Tempe, AZ 85282 (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
22293506
Report Number(s):
INIS-US-14-WM-12211
TRN: US14V1161115030
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: WM2012: Waste Management 2012 conference on improving the future in waste management, Phoenix, AZ (United States), 26 Feb - 1 Mar 2012; Other Information: Country of input: France; 16 refs.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; GROUND WATER; INTERACTIONS; MICROSTRUCTURE; POROSITY; POROUS MATERIALS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SIMULATION; SOLUTES; WASTE DISPOSAL

Citation Formats

Kwong, S., and Jivkov, A.P. Diffusion Dominant Solute Transport Modelling in Fractured Media Under Deep Geological Environment - 12211. United States: N. p., 2012. Web.
Kwong, S., & Jivkov, A.P. Diffusion Dominant Solute Transport Modelling in Fractured Media Under Deep Geological Environment - 12211. United States.
Kwong, S., and Jivkov, A.P. Sun . "Diffusion Dominant Solute Transport Modelling in Fractured Media Under Deep Geological Environment - 12211". United States.
@article{osti_22293506,
title = {Diffusion Dominant Solute Transport Modelling in Fractured Media Under Deep Geological Environment - 12211},
author = {Kwong, S. and Jivkov, A.P.},
abstractNote = {Deep geologic disposal of high activity and long-lived radioactive waste is gaining increasing support in many countries, where suitable low permeability geological formation in combination with engineered barriers are used to provide long term waste contaminant and minimise the impacts to the environment and risk to the biosphere. This modelling study examines the solute transport in fractured media under low flow velocities that are relevant to a deep geological environment. In particular, reactive solute transport through fractured media is studied using a 2-D model, that considers advection and diffusion, to explore the coupled effects of kinetic and equilibrium chemical processes. The effects of water velocity in the fracture, matrix porosity and diffusion on solute transport are investigated and discussed. Some illustrative modelled results are presented to demonstrate the use of the model to examine the effects of media degradation on solute transport, under the influences of hydrogeological (diffusion dominant) and microbially mediated chemical processes. The challenges facing the prediction of long term degradation such as cracks evolution, interaction and coalescence are highlighted. The potential of a novel microstructure informed modelling approach to account for these effects is discussed, particularly with respect to investigating multiple phenomena impact on material performance. The GRM code is used to examine the effects of media degradation for a geological waste disposal package, under the combined hydrogeological (diffusion dominant) and chemical effects in low groundwater flow conditions that are typical of deep geological disposal systems. An illustrative reactive transport modelling application demonstrates the use of the code to examine the interplay of kinetic controlled biogeochemical reactive processes with advective and diffusive transport, under the influence of media degradation. The initial model results are encouraging which show the disposal system to evolve in a physically realistic manner. In the example presented the reactive-transport coupling develops chemically reducing zones, which limit the transport of uranium. This illustrates the potential significance of media degradation and chemical effect on the transport of radionuclides which would need to be taken into account when examining the long-term behaviour and containment properties of the geological disposal system. Microstructure-informed modelling and its potential linkage with continuum flow modelling is a subject of ongoing studies. The approach of microstructure-informed modelling is discussed to provide insight and a mechanistic understanding of macroscopic parameters and their evolution. The proposed theoretical and methodological basis for microstructure-informed modelling of porous quasi-brittle media has the potential to develop into an explanatory and predictive tool for deriving mechanism-based, as opposed to phenomenological, evolution laws for macroscopic properties. These concepts in micro-scale modelling are likely to be applicable to the diffusion process, in addition to advective transport illustrated here for porous media. (authors)},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {7}
}

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