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Title: Tests of modified gravity with dwarf galaxies

Abstract

In modified gravity theories that seek to explain cosmic acceleration, dwarf galaxies in low density environments can be subject to enhanced forces. The class of scalar-tensor theories, which includes f(R) gravity, predict such a force enhancement (massive galaxies like the Milky Way can evade it through a screening mechanism that protects the interior of the galaxy from this ''fifth'' force). We study observable deviations from GR in the disks of late-type dwarf galaxies moving under gravity. The fifth-force acts on the dark matter and HI gas disk, but not on the stellar disk owing to the self-screening of main sequence stars. We find four distinct observable effects in such disk galaxies: 1. A displacement of the stellar disk from the HI disk. 2. Warping of the stellar disk along the direction of the external force. 3. Enhancement of the rotation curve measured from the HI gas compared to that of the stellar disk. 4. Asymmetry in the rotation curve of the stellar disk. We estimate that the spatial effects can be up to 1 kpc and the rotation velocity effects about 10 km/s in infalling dwarf galaxies. Such deviations are measurable: we expect that with a careful analysis of amore » sample of nearby dwarf galaxies one can improve astrophysical constraints on gravity theories by over three orders of magnitude, and even solar system constraints by one order of magnitude. Thus effective tests of gravity along the lines suggested by Hui, Nicolis, and Stubbs (2009) and Jain (2011) can be carried out with low-redshift galaxies, though care must be exercised in understanding possible complications from astrophysical effects.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)
  2. Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280241
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2011; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ACCELERATION; ASTROPHYSICS; ASYMMETRY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; DENSITY; GRAVITATION; MAIN SEQUENCE STARS; MILKY WAY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; ROTATION; SCALARS; SOLAR SYSTEM; TENSORS

Citation Formats

Jain, Bhuvnesh, and VanderPlas, Jake, E-mail: bjain@physics.upenn.edu, E-mail: vanderplas@astro.washington.edu. Tests of modified gravity with dwarf galaxies. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2011/10/032.
Jain, Bhuvnesh, & VanderPlas, Jake, E-mail: bjain@physics.upenn.edu, E-mail: vanderplas@astro.washington.edu. Tests of modified gravity with dwarf galaxies. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2011/10/032.
Jain, Bhuvnesh, and VanderPlas, Jake, E-mail: bjain@physics.upenn.edu, E-mail: vanderplas@astro.washington.edu. Sat . "Tests of modified gravity with dwarf galaxies". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2011/10/032.
@article{osti_22280241,
title = {Tests of modified gravity with dwarf galaxies},
author = {Jain, Bhuvnesh and VanderPlas, Jake, E-mail: bjain@physics.upenn.edu, E-mail: vanderplas@astro.washington.edu},
abstractNote = {In modified gravity theories that seek to explain cosmic acceleration, dwarf galaxies in low density environments can be subject to enhanced forces. The class of scalar-tensor theories, which includes f(R) gravity, predict such a force enhancement (massive galaxies like the Milky Way can evade it through a screening mechanism that protects the interior of the galaxy from this ''fifth'' force). We study observable deviations from GR in the disks of late-type dwarf galaxies moving under gravity. The fifth-force acts on the dark matter and HI gas disk, but not on the stellar disk owing to the self-screening of main sequence stars. We find four distinct observable effects in such disk galaxies: 1. A displacement of the stellar disk from the HI disk. 2. Warping of the stellar disk along the direction of the external force. 3. Enhancement of the rotation curve measured from the HI gas compared to that of the stellar disk. 4. Asymmetry in the rotation curve of the stellar disk. We estimate that the spatial effects can be up to 1 kpc and the rotation velocity effects about 10 km/s in infalling dwarf galaxies. Such deviations are measurable: we expect that with a careful analysis of a sample of nearby dwarf galaxies one can improve astrophysical constraints on gravity theories by over three orders of magnitude, and even solar system constraints by one order of magnitude. Thus effective tests of gravity along the lines suggested by Hui, Nicolis, and Stubbs (2009) and Jain (2011) can be carried out with low-redshift galaxies, though care must be exercised in understanding possible complications from astrophysical effects.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2011/10/032},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 10,
volume = 2011,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {10}
}