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Title: Leptogenesis via hypermagnetic fields and baryon asymmetry

Abstract

We study baryon asymmetry generation originated from the leptogenesis in the presence of hypermagnetic fields in the early Universe plasma before the electroweak phase transition (EWPT). For the simplest Chern-Simons (CS) wave configuration of hypermagnetic field we find the baryon asymmetry growth when the hypermagnetic field value changes due to α{sup 2}-dynamo and the lepton asymmetry rises due to the Abelian anomaly. We solve the corresponding integro-differential equations for the lepton asymmetries describing such self-consistent dynamics for lepto- and baryogenesis in the two scenarios: (i) when a primordial lepton asymmetry sits in right electrons e{sub R}; and (ii) when, in addition to e{sub R}, a left lepton asymmetry for e{sub L} and ν{sub eL} arises due to chirality flip reactions provided by inverse Higgs decays at the temperatures, T < T{sub RL} ∼ 10 TeV. We find that the baryon asymmetry of the Universe (BAU) rises very fast through such leptogenesis, especially, in strong hypermagnetic fields. Varying (decreasing) the CS wave number parameter k{sub 0} < 10{sup −7}T{sub EW} one can recover the observable value of BAU, η{sub B} ∼ 10{sup −9}, where k{sub 0} = 10{sup −7}T{sub EW} corresponds to the maximum value for CS wave number surviving ohmicmore » dissipation of hypermagnetic field. In the scenario (ii) one predicts the essential difference of the lepton numbers of right- and left electrons at EWPT time, L{sub eR}−L{sub eL} ∼ (μ{sub eR}−μ{sub eL})/T{sub EW} = Δμ/T{sub EW} ≅ 10{sup −5} that can be used as an initial condition for chiral asymmetry after EWPT.« less

Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280071
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2012; Journal Issue: 02; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; ASYMMETRY; BARYONS; CHIRALITY; COSMOLOGY; ELECTRONS; HIGGS BOSONS; HIGGS MODEL; INTEGRO-DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS; INTERSTELLAR MAGNETIC FIELDS; PARTICLE PRODUCTION; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; TEV RANGE; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Dvornikov, Maxim, and Semikoz, Victor B., E-mail: maxim.dvornikov@usp.br, E-mail: semikoz@yandex.ru. Leptogenesis via hypermagnetic fields and baryon asymmetry. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/040.
Dvornikov, Maxim, & Semikoz, Victor B., E-mail: maxim.dvornikov@usp.br, E-mail: semikoz@yandex.ru. Leptogenesis via hypermagnetic fields and baryon asymmetry. United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/040.
Dvornikov, Maxim, and Semikoz, Victor B., E-mail: maxim.dvornikov@usp.br, E-mail: semikoz@yandex.ru. Wed . "Leptogenesis via hypermagnetic fields and baryon asymmetry". United States. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/040.
@article{osti_22280071,
title = {Leptogenesis via hypermagnetic fields and baryon asymmetry},
author = {Dvornikov, Maxim and Semikoz, Victor B., E-mail: maxim.dvornikov@usp.br, E-mail: semikoz@yandex.ru},
abstractNote = {We study baryon asymmetry generation originated from the leptogenesis in the presence of hypermagnetic fields in the early Universe plasma before the electroweak phase transition (EWPT). For the simplest Chern-Simons (CS) wave configuration of hypermagnetic field we find the baryon asymmetry growth when the hypermagnetic field value changes due to α{sup 2}-dynamo and the lepton asymmetry rises due to the Abelian anomaly. We solve the corresponding integro-differential equations for the lepton asymmetries describing such self-consistent dynamics for lepto- and baryogenesis in the two scenarios: (i) when a primordial lepton asymmetry sits in right electrons e{sub R}; and (ii) when, in addition to e{sub R}, a left lepton asymmetry for e{sub L} and ν{sub eL} arises due to chirality flip reactions provided by inverse Higgs decays at the temperatures, T < T{sub RL} ∼ 10 TeV. We find that the baryon asymmetry of the Universe (BAU) rises very fast through such leptogenesis, especially, in strong hypermagnetic fields. Varying (decreasing) the CS wave number parameter k{sub 0} < 10{sup −7}T{sub EW} one can recover the observable value of BAU, η{sub B} ∼ 10{sup −9}, where k{sub 0} = 10{sup −7}T{sub EW} corresponds to the maximum value for CS wave number surviving ohmic dissipation of hypermagnetic field. In the scenario (ii) one predicts the essential difference of the lepton numbers of right- and left electrons at EWPT time, L{sub eR}−L{sub eL} ∼ (μ{sub eR}−μ{sub eL})/T{sub EW} = Δμ/T{sub EW} ≅ 10{sup −5} that can be used as an initial condition for chiral asymmetry after EWPT.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2012/02/040},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 02,
volume = 2012,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {2}
}