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Title: Modulated reheating and large non-gaussianity in string cosmology

Abstract

A generic feature of the known string inflationary models is that the same physics that makes the inflaton lighter than the Hubble scale during inflation often also makes other scalars this light. These scalars can acquire isocurvature fluctuations during inflation, and given that their VEVs determine the mass spectrum and the coupling constants of the effective low-energy field theory, these fluctuations give rise to couplings and masses that are modulated from one Hubble patch to another. These seem just what is required to obtain primordial adiabatic fluctuations through conversion into density perturbations through the 'modulation mechanism', wherein reheating takes place with different efficiency in different regions of our Universe. Fluctuations generated in this way can generically produce non-gaussianity larger than obtained in single-field slow-roll inflation; potentially observable in the near future. We provide here the first explicit example of the modulation mechanism at work in string cosmology, within the framework of LARGE Volume Type-IIB string flux compactifications. The inflationary dynamics involves two light Kähler moduli: a fibre divisor plays the rôle of the inflaton whose decay rate to visible sector degrees of freedom is modulated by the primordial fluctuations of a blow-up mode (which is made light by the usemore » of poly-instanton corrections). We find the challenges of embedding the mechanism into a concrete UV completion constrains the properties of the non-gaussianity that is found, since for generic values of the underlying parameters, the model predicts a local bi-spectrum with f{sub NL} of order 'a few'. However, a moderate tuning of the parameters gives also rise to explicit examples with f{sub NL} ∼ O(20) potentially observable by the Planck satellite.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Abdus Salam ICTP, Strada Costiera 11, Trieste 34014 (Italy)
  2. Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)
  3. Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22279797
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2012; Journal Issue: 05; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; COMPACTIFICATION; CORRECTIONS; COSMOLOGY; COUPLING CONSTANTS; DEGREES OF FREEDOM; DISTURBANCES; FIELD THEORIES; FLUCTUATIONS; INFLATIONARY UNIVERSE; INFLATONS; MASS SPECTRA; POTENTIALS; SCALARS; UNIVERSE

Citation Formats

Cicoli, M., Quevedo, F., Tasinato, G., Zavala, I., and Burgess, C.P., E-mail: michele.cicoli@desy.de, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: e.i.zavala@rug.nl, E-mail: cburgess@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: F.Quevedo@damtp.cam.ac.uk. Modulated reheating and large non-gaussianity in string cosmology. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/05/039.
Cicoli, M., Quevedo, F., Tasinato, G., Zavala, I., & Burgess, C.P., E-mail: michele.cicoli@desy.de, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: e.i.zavala@rug.nl, E-mail: cburgess@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: F.Quevedo@damtp.cam.ac.uk. Modulated reheating and large non-gaussianity in string cosmology. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2012/05/039
Cicoli, M., Quevedo, F., Tasinato, G., Zavala, I., and Burgess, C.P., E-mail: michele.cicoli@desy.de, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: e.i.zavala@rug.nl, E-mail: cburgess@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: F.Quevedo@damtp.cam.ac.uk. 2012. "Modulated reheating and large non-gaussianity in string cosmology". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2012/05/039.
@article{osti_22279797,
title = {Modulated reheating and large non-gaussianity in string cosmology},
author = {Cicoli, M. and Quevedo, F. and Tasinato, G. and Zavala, I. and Burgess, C.P., E-mail: michele.cicoli@desy.de, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: e.i.zavala@rug.nl, E-mail: cburgess@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: F.Quevedo@damtp.cam.ac.uk},
abstractNote = {A generic feature of the known string inflationary models is that the same physics that makes the inflaton lighter than the Hubble scale during inflation often also makes other scalars this light. These scalars can acquire isocurvature fluctuations during inflation, and given that their VEVs determine the mass spectrum and the coupling constants of the effective low-energy field theory, these fluctuations give rise to couplings and masses that are modulated from one Hubble patch to another. These seem just what is required to obtain primordial adiabatic fluctuations through conversion into density perturbations through the 'modulation mechanism', wherein reheating takes place with different efficiency in different regions of our Universe. Fluctuations generated in this way can generically produce non-gaussianity larger than obtained in single-field slow-roll inflation; potentially observable in the near future. We provide here the first explicit example of the modulation mechanism at work in string cosmology, within the framework of LARGE Volume Type-IIB string flux compactifications. The inflationary dynamics involves two light Kähler moduli: a fibre divisor plays the rôle of the inflaton whose decay rate to visible sector degrees of freedom is modulated by the primordial fluctuations of a blow-up mode (which is made light by the use of poly-instanton corrections). We find the challenges of embedding the mechanism into a concrete UV completion constrains the properties of the non-gaussianity that is found, since for generic values of the underlying parameters, the model predicts a local bi-spectrum with f{sub NL} of order 'a few'. However, a moderate tuning of the parameters gives also rise to explicit examples with f{sub NL} ∼ O(20) potentially observable by the Planck satellite.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2012/05/039},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22279797}, journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 05,
volume = 2012,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {5}
}