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Title: Phenomenological constraints on accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the PSR B1257+12 pulsar from orbital dynamics of its planets

Abstract

We analytically compute the effects that a pulsar's mass variation, whatever its physical origin may be, has on the standard Keplerian changes Δτ{sub Kep} in the times of arrival of its pulses due to potential test particle companions, and on their orbital dynamics over long time scales. We apply our results to the planetary system of the PSR B1257+12 pulsar, located in the Galaxy at ∼ 600 pc from us, to phenomenologically constrain a putative accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the hosting neutron star. By comparing our prediction for Δτ{sub M-dot/M} to the root-mean-square accuracy of the timing residuals δ(Δτ) = 3.0μs we find for the mass variation rate M-dot /M ≤ 1.3 × 10{sup −6} yr{sup −1}. Actually, considerations related to the pulsar's lifetime, of the order of Δt ∼ 0.8 Gyr, and to the currently accepted picture of the formation of its planets point toward a tighter constrain on the mass accretion rate, i.e. M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −9} yr{sup −1}. Otherwise, the planets would have formed at about 300–700 au from PSR B1257+12, i.e. too far with respect to the expected extension of 1–2 au of the part of the protoplanetary disk containing the solid constituentsmore » from which they likely originated. In fact, an even smaller upper limit, M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −11} yr{sup −1}, would likely be more realistic to avoid certain technical inconsistencies with the quality of the fit of the timing data, performed by keeping the standard value M = 1.4M{sub s}un fixed for the neutron star's mass. Anyway, the entire pulsar data set should be re-processed by explicitly modeling the mass variation rate and solving for it. Model-dependent theoretical predictions for the pulsar's mass accretion, in the framework of the mirror matter scenario, yield a mass increment rate of about 10{sup −16} yr{sup −1} for a value of the density of mirror matter ρ{sub dm} as large as 10{sup −17} g cm{sup −3} = 5.6 × 10{sup 6} GeV cm{sup −3}. Such a rate corresponds to a fractional mass variation of ΔM/M ∼ 10{sup −7} over the pulsar's lifetime. It would imply a formation of a black hole from the accreted dark matter inner core for values of the dark matter particle's mass m{sub dm} larger than 3 × 10{sup 3} Gev, which are, thus, excluded since PSR B1257+12 is actually not such a kind of compact object. Instead, by assuming ρ{sub dm} ∼ 10{sup −24} g cm{sup −3} = 0.56 GeV cm{sup −3}, the mass accretion rate would be M-dot /M ∼ 10{sup −23} yr{sup −1}, with a fractional mass variation of the order of ΔM/M ∼ 10{sup −14}. It rules out m{sub dm} ≥ 8 × 10{sup 6} Gev. Extreme values ρ{sub dm} = 1.8 × 10{sup −13} g cm{sup −3} = 10{sup 11} GeV cm{sup −3} for non-annihilating dark matter in central spike may yield the constraint M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −11} yr{sup −1}; over Δt = 0.8 Gyr, it rules out m{sub dm} ≥ 12 Gev.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Università e della Ricerca (M.I.U.R.)., Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society (F.R.A.S.), Viale Unità di Italia 68, 70125, Bari (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22275401
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2010; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BLACK HOLES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMOLOGY; GALAXIES; GEV RANGE; LIFETIME; LIMITING VALUES; NEUTRON STARS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PLANETS; PROTOPLANETS; PULSARS; SUN; TEST PARTICLES; VARIATIONS

Citation Formats

Iorio, Lorenzo. Phenomenological constraints on accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the PSR B1257+12 pulsar from orbital dynamics of its planets. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2010/11/046.
Iorio, Lorenzo. Phenomenological constraints on accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the PSR B1257+12 pulsar from orbital dynamics of its planets. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2010/11/046
Iorio, Lorenzo. Mon . "Phenomenological constraints on accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the PSR B1257+12 pulsar from orbital dynamics of its planets". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2010/11/046.
@article{osti_22275401,
title = {Phenomenological constraints on accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the PSR B1257+12 pulsar from orbital dynamics of its planets},
author = {Iorio, Lorenzo},
abstractNote = {We analytically compute the effects that a pulsar's mass variation, whatever its physical origin may be, has on the standard Keplerian changes Δτ{sub Kep} in the times of arrival of its pulses due to potential test particle companions, and on their orbital dynamics over long time scales. We apply our results to the planetary system of the PSR B1257+12 pulsar, located in the Galaxy at ∼ 600 pc from us, to phenomenologically constrain a putative accretion of non-annihilating dark matter on the hosting neutron star. By comparing our prediction for Δτ{sub M-dot/M} to the root-mean-square accuracy of the timing residuals δ(Δτ) = 3.0μs we find for the mass variation rate M-dot /M ≤ 1.3 × 10{sup −6} yr{sup −1}. Actually, considerations related to the pulsar's lifetime, of the order of Δt ∼ 0.8 Gyr, and to the currently accepted picture of the formation of its planets point toward a tighter constrain on the mass accretion rate, i.e. M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −9} yr{sup −1}. Otherwise, the planets would have formed at about 300–700 au from PSR B1257+12, i.e. too far with respect to the expected extension of 1–2 au of the part of the protoplanetary disk containing the solid constituents from which they likely originated. In fact, an even smaller upper limit, M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −11} yr{sup −1}, would likely be more realistic to avoid certain technical inconsistencies with the quality of the fit of the timing data, performed by keeping the standard value M = 1.4M{sub s}un fixed for the neutron star's mass. Anyway, the entire pulsar data set should be re-processed by explicitly modeling the mass variation rate and solving for it. Model-dependent theoretical predictions for the pulsar's mass accretion, in the framework of the mirror matter scenario, yield a mass increment rate of about 10{sup −16} yr{sup −1} for a value of the density of mirror matter ρ{sub dm} as large as 10{sup −17} g cm{sup −3} = 5.6 × 10{sup 6} GeV cm{sup −3}. Such a rate corresponds to a fractional mass variation of ΔM/M ∼ 10{sup −7} over the pulsar's lifetime. It would imply a formation of a black hole from the accreted dark matter inner core for values of the dark matter particle's mass m{sub dm} larger than 3 × 10{sup 3} Gev, which are, thus, excluded since PSR B1257+12 is actually not such a kind of compact object. Instead, by assuming ρ{sub dm} ∼ 10{sup −24} g cm{sup −3} = 0.56 GeV cm{sup −3}, the mass accretion rate would be M-dot /M ∼ 10{sup −23} yr{sup −1}, with a fractional mass variation of the order of ΔM/M ∼ 10{sup −14}. It rules out m{sub dm} ≥ 8 × 10{sup 6} Gev. Extreme values ρ{sub dm} = 1.8 × 10{sup −13} g cm{sup −3} = 10{sup 11} GeV cm{sup −3} for non-annihilating dark matter in central spike may yield the constraint M-dot /M ≤ 10{sup −11} yr{sup −1}; over Δt = 0.8 Gyr, it rules out m{sub dm} ≥ 12 Gev.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2010/11/046},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/22275401}, journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
issn = {1475-7516},
number = 11,
volume = 2010,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {11}
}