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Title: Impacts of surface spins and inter-particle interactions on the magnetism of hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles

Abstract

A comparative study of the static and dynamic magnetic properties of polycrystalline hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles with two distinctly different sizes of 10.3 ± 1.3 nm and 14.8 ± 0.5 nm has been performed. High-resolution TEM images confirmed the crystalline structure and the presence of the shell thickness of 2.17 ± 0.28 nm and 3.25 ± 0.24 nm for the 10 nm and 15 nm particles, respectively. Quantitative fits of the frequency dependent ac susceptibility to the Vogel-Fulcher model, τ = τ{sub o} exp[E{sub a}/k(T − T{sub o})], show stronger inter-particle interactions in the 15 nm nanoparticles than in the 10 nm nanoparticles. A systematic analysis of the room-temperature magnetic loops using the modified Langevin function indicates a stronger effect of disordered surface spins in the 10 nm hollow particles as compared to the 15 nm hollow particles. Our study suggests that while the effect of disordered surface spins dominates the magnetic behavior of the 10 nm hollow particles, both the disordered surface spins and inter-particle interactions contribute to the magnetism of the 15 nm hollow particles.

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Physics, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida 33620 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273735
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FERRITES; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; IRON OXIDES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETISM; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; POLYCRYSTALS; SPIN; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Khusrhid, Hafsa, Nemati Porshokouh, Zohreh, Phan, Manh-Huong, Mukherjee, Pritish, and Srikanth, Hariharan. Impacts of surface spins and inter-particle interactions on the magnetism of hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4868619.
Khusrhid, Hafsa, Nemati Porshokouh, Zohreh, Phan, Manh-Huong, Mukherjee, Pritish, & Srikanth, Hariharan. Impacts of surface spins and inter-particle interactions on the magnetism of hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4868619.
Khusrhid, Hafsa, Nemati Porshokouh, Zohreh, Phan, Manh-Huong, Mukherjee, Pritish, and Srikanth, Hariharan. Wed . "Impacts of surface spins and inter-particle interactions on the magnetism of hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4868619.
@article{osti_22273735,
title = {Impacts of surface spins and inter-particle interactions on the magnetism of hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles},
author = {Khusrhid, Hafsa and Nemati Porshokouh, Zohreh and Phan, Manh-Huong and Mukherjee, Pritish and Srikanth, Hariharan},
abstractNote = {A comparative study of the static and dynamic magnetic properties of polycrystalline hollow γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles with two distinctly different sizes of 10.3 ± 1.3 nm and 14.8 ± 0.5 nm has been performed. High-resolution TEM images confirmed the crystalline structure and the presence of the shell thickness of 2.17 ± 0.28 nm and 3.25 ± 0.24 nm for the 10 nm and 15 nm particles, respectively. Quantitative fits of the frequency dependent ac susceptibility to the Vogel-Fulcher model, τ = τ{sub o} exp[E{sub a}/k(T − T{sub o})], show stronger inter-particle interactions in the 15 nm nanoparticles than in the 10 nm nanoparticles. A systematic analysis of the room-temperature magnetic loops using the modified Langevin function indicates a stronger effect of disordered surface spins in the 10 nm hollow particles as compared to the 15 nm hollow particles. Our study suggests that while the effect of disordered surface spins dominates the magnetic behavior of the 10 nm hollow particles, both the disordered surface spins and inter-particle interactions contribute to the magnetism of the 15 nm hollow particles.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4868619},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
issn = {0021-8979},
number = 17,
volume = 115,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {5}
}