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Title: Solid polymer electrolyte from phosphorylated chitosan

Abstract

Recently, the need of secondary battery application continues to increase. The secondary battery which using a liquid electrolyte was indicated had some weakness. A solid polymer electrolyte is an alternative electrolytes membrane which developed in order to replace the liquid electrolyte type. In the present study, the effect of phosphorylation on to polymer electrolyte membrane which synthesized from chitosan and lithium perchlorate salts was investigated. The effect of the component’s composition respectively on the properties of polymer electrolyte, was carried out by analyzed of it’s characterization such as functional groups, ion conductivity, and thermal properties. The mechanical properties i.e tensile resistance and the morphology structure of membrane surface were determined. The phosphorylation processing of polymer electrolyte membrane of chitosan and lithium perchlorate was conducted by immersing with phosphoric acid for 2 hours, and then irradiated on a microwave for 60 seconds. The degree of deacetylation of chitosan derived from shrimp shells was obtained around 75.4%. Relative molecular mass of chitosan was obtained by viscometry method is 796,792 g/mol. The ionic conductivity of chitosan membrane was increase from 6.33 × 10{sup −6} S/cm up to 6.01 × 10{sup −4} S/cm after adding by 15 % solution of lithium perchlorate. After phosphorylation,more » the ionic conductivity of phosphorylated lithium chitosan membrane was observed 1.37 × 10{sup −3} S/cm, while the tensile resistance of 40.2 MPa with a better thermal resistance. On the strength of electrolyte membrane properties, this polymer electrolyte membrane was suggested had one potential used for polymer electrolyte in field of lithium battery applications.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Research Groups, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22265955
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1589; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: ICMNS 2012: 4. international conference on mathematics and natural sciences: Science for health, food and sustainable energy, Bandung (Indonesia), 8-9 Nov 2012; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; AMINO ACIDS; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; ELECTROLYTES; IRRADIATION; LIQUIDS; LITHIUM; LITHIUM PERCHLORATES; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; MEMBRANES; OLIGOSACCHARIDES; PHOSPHORIC ACID; PHOSPHORYLATION; POLYMERS; SOLIDS; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES

Citation Formats

Fauzi, Iqbal, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id, and Arcana, I Made, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id. Solid polymer electrolyte from phosphorylated chitosan. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4868772.
Fauzi, Iqbal, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id, & Arcana, I Made, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id. Solid polymer electrolyte from phosphorylated chitosan. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4868772.
Fauzi, Iqbal, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id, and Arcana, I Made, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id. Mon . "Solid polymer electrolyte from phosphorylated chitosan". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4868772.
@article{osti_22265955,
title = {Solid polymer electrolyte from phosphorylated chitosan},
author = {Fauzi, Iqbal, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id and Arcana, I Made, E-mail: arcana@chem.itb.ac.id},
abstractNote = {Recently, the need of secondary battery application continues to increase. The secondary battery which using a liquid electrolyte was indicated had some weakness. A solid polymer electrolyte is an alternative electrolytes membrane which developed in order to replace the liquid electrolyte type. In the present study, the effect of phosphorylation on to polymer electrolyte membrane which synthesized from chitosan and lithium perchlorate salts was investigated. The effect of the component’s composition respectively on the properties of polymer electrolyte, was carried out by analyzed of it’s characterization such as functional groups, ion conductivity, and thermal properties. The mechanical properties i.e tensile resistance and the morphology structure of membrane surface were determined. The phosphorylation processing of polymer electrolyte membrane of chitosan and lithium perchlorate was conducted by immersing with phosphoric acid for 2 hours, and then irradiated on a microwave for 60 seconds. The degree of deacetylation of chitosan derived from shrimp shells was obtained around 75.4%. Relative molecular mass of chitosan was obtained by viscometry method is 796,792 g/mol. The ionic conductivity of chitosan membrane was increase from 6.33 × 10{sup −6} S/cm up to 6.01 × 10{sup −4} S/cm after adding by 15 % solution of lithium perchlorate. After phosphorylation, the ionic conductivity of phosphorylated lithium chitosan membrane was observed 1.37 × 10{sup −3} S/cm, while the tensile resistance of 40.2 MPa with a better thermal resistance. On the strength of electrolyte membrane properties, this polymer electrolyte membrane was suggested had one potential used for polymer electrolyte in field of lithium battery applications.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4868772},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
number = 1,
volume = 1589,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Mar 24 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Mon Mar 24 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}
  • In order to develop all solid lithium ion battery, study on the structure and properties of solid polymer electrolytes (SPE) based on chitosan has been done. The SPE were prepared by adding Zirconia (ZrO{sub 2}) nanoparticle and LiClO{sub 4} as lithium salt into the chitosan solution followed by casting method. Effect of the ZrO{sub 2} and salt concentration to the structure and properties of SPE were elaborated using several methods. The structure of the SPE cast film, were characterized mainly by using X-ray diffractometer (XRD). While the electrical properties of SPE were studied by electrochemical impedance spectrometer (EIS) and ionmore » transference number measurement. XRD profiles show that the addition of ZrO{sub 2} and LiClO{sub 4} disrupts the crystality of chitosan. The decrease in sample crytalinity with the nanoparticle and salt addition may increase the molecular mobility result in the increasing sample conductivity and cathionic transference number as determined by EIS and ion transference number measurement, respectively. The highest ionic conductivity (3.58×10{sup −4} S cm{sup −1}) was obtained when 4 wt% of ZrO{sub 2} nanoparticle and 40 wt% of LiClO{sub 4} salt were added to the chitosan. The ion transference number with that composition was 0.55. It is high enough to be used as SPE for lithium ion battery.« less
  • Chitosan has been widely used as polymer matrix for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) application replacing Nafion which has shortcomings in terms of high methanol permeability that degrades the performance of fuel cells. Chitosan membranes modification is performed by adding nanosilica to prevent methanol transport through the membrane. Nanosilica is synthesized by sol-gel method and the particle diameter is obtained by analysis using Breunner Emmet Teller (BET) that is 6.59 nm. Nanosilica is mixed with chitosan solution to obtain nanosilica-chitosan as polymer electrolyte membrane. The membranes are synthesized through phase inversion method with nanosilica composition including 0; 0.5; 1; 2; 3; 5;more » and 10% w/w of chitosan. Characterization of the membranes indicate that the results of water swelling, proton conductivity and methanol permeability of the membrane with 3% nanosilica respectively were 49.23%, 0.231 S/cm, and 5.43 x 10{sup −7} cm{sup 2}/s. Based on the results of membrane selectivity calculation, the optimum membrane is the composition of 3% nanosilica with value 5.91 x 105 S s cm{sup −3}. The results of functional groups analysis with FTIR showed that it was only physical interaction that occurred between chitosan and nanosilica since no significant changes found in peak around the wave number 1000-1250 cm{sup −-1}.« less
  • The electrochemical insertion of lithium into the basal plane of highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG-(bp)) from a LiClO{sub 4}/PEO solid polymer electrolyte has been examined in ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) using a carefully designed electrochemical cell. On the basis of a comparison of the data obtained with those recorded for the same interfacial system in an inert gas at atmospheric pressure, it has been concluded that the electrochemical behavior observed in UHV is indeed characteristic of the Li/LiClO{sub 4}(PEO)/(HOPG)(bp) system and therefore not affected in any discernible way by the ultralow pressures. Coulometric analysis of cyclic voltammetry experiments showed that themore » charge associated with lithium intercalation is larger than that observed during subsequent deintercalation, particularly during the first few intercalation-deintercalation cycles. However, the total amount of impurities observed in Auger electron spectra of emersed HOPG(bp) surfaces following lithium intercalation was very low. This last finding is inconsistent with the presence of a film of any significant thickness on the surface, suggesting that the charge imbalance for this interface is due to kinetic hindrances during lithium deintercalation. 10 refs., 3 figs.« less
  • Ultrathin, uniform, pinhole-free solid polymer electrolyte films of approximately 1 {mu}m thickness were prepared by the complexation of plasma-polymerized tris(2-methoxyethoxy)vinylsilane (TMVS) with LiClO{sub 4}. The results of FT-IR, {sup 1}H NMR, and {sup 13} C NMR measurements indicate that the structure of the plasma polymer is very similar to poly (TMVS), except for the presence of a small amount of what is probably a cycle group impurity. The glass transition temperature and ionic conductivity of the solid polymer electrolyte depend on the LiClO{sub 4} content, and the variation of the ionic conductivity with temperature can be described exactly by usingmore » a {ital WLF} type of equation. Room temperature conductivities greater than 10{sup {minus} 6} S cm{sup {minus} 1} (10{sup 2}{Omega} cm{sup 2} resistance per unit area) were observed.« less