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Title: Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel

Abstract

DEAP-3600 is a 3600kg single-phase liquid-argon dark matter detector under construction at SNOLAB with a sensitivity of 10{sup −46}cm{sup 2} for a 100 GeV WIMP. The argon is held an an acrylic vessel coated with wavelength-shifting 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene (TPB). Acrylic was chosen because it is optically transparent at the shifted wavelength of 420 nm; an effective neutron shield; and physically strong. With perfect cleaning of the acrylic surface before data taking the irreducible background is that from bulk {sup 210}Pb activity that is near the surface. To achieve a background rate of 0.01 events in the 1000-kg fiducial volume per year of exposure, the allowed limit of Pb-210 in the bulk acrylic is 31 mBq/tonne (= 1.2 × 10{sup −20}g/g). We discuss how pure acrylic was procured and manufactured into a complete vessel paying particular attention to exposure to radon during all processes. In particular field work at the acrylic panel manufacturer, RPT Asia, and acrylic monomer supplier, Thai MMA Co. Ltd, in Thailand is described. The increased diffusion of radon during annealing the acrylic at 90C as well as techniques to mitigate against this are described.

Authors:
 [1];
  1. SNOLAB, 1039 Regional Road 24, Creighton Mine 9, Lively, ON, P3Y 1N2 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22218205
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
AIP Conference Proceedings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1549; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: LRT 2013: 4. international workshop on low radioactivity techniques, Assergi (Italy), 10-12 Apr 2013; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-243X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; ANNEALING; ARGON; BUTADIENE; CONTAINERS; CONTAMINATION; COSMIC RADIATION; GEV RANGE; LEAD 210; LIQUID SCINTILLATION DETECTORS; MULTIPARTICLE SPECTROMETERS; NEUTRONS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PARTICLE IDENTIFICATION; RADON; SENSITIVITY; SHIELDS

Citation Formats

Jillings, Chris, Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration, and others, and. Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4818082.
Jillings, Chris, Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration, & others, and. Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4818082.
Jillings, Chris, Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration, and others, and. Thu . "Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4818082.
@article{osti_22218205,
title = {Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel},
author = {Jillings, Chris and Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration and others, and},
abstractNote = {DEAP-3600 is a 3600kg single-phase liquid-argon dark matter detector under construction at SNOLAB with a sensitivity of 10{sup −46}cm{sup 2} for a 100 GeV WIMP. The argon is held an an acrylic vessel coated with wavelength-shifting 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene (TPB). Acrylic was chosen because it is optically transparent at the shifted wavelength of 420 nm; an effective neutron shield; and physically strong. With perfect cleaning of the acrylic surface before data taking the irreducible background is that from bulk {sup 210}Pb activity that is near the surface. To achieve a background rate of 0.01 events in the 1000-kg fiducial volume per year of exposure, the allowed limit of Pb-210 in the bulk acrylic is 31 mBq/tonne (= 1.2 × 10{sup −20}g/g). We discuss how pure acrylic was procured and manufactured into a complete vessel paying particular attention to exposure to radon during all processes. In particular field work at the acrylic panel manufacturer, RPT Asia, and acrylic monomer supplier, Thai MMA Co. Ltd, in Thailand is described. The increased diffusion of radon during annealing the acrylic at 90C as well as techniques to mitigate against this are described.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4818082},
journal = {AIP Conference Proceedings},
issn = {0094-243X},
number = 1,
volume = 1549,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {8}
}