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Title: The photoluminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays prepared by anodization

Abstract

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays were prepared by anodization of Zr–Er alloy. ► Small tetragonal zirconia crystallites are tended to be formed due to the doping of Er{sup 3+}. ► Under excitation at 317 nm, the ZrO{sub 2} nantube arrays have strongest photoluminescence intensity. -- Abstract: Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays were prepared by anodization of Zr–Er alloy which was obtained by melting zirconium with 1.0 wt% erbium. The morphology, structure and photoluminescence properties were studied through scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence analyzer. X-ray diffraction results indicate that doping of Er{sup 3+} affects the crystal structure and grain size obviously and the Er{sup 3+}-doped samples tend to form small tetragonal grains. Photoluminescence analyses show that when Er{sup 3+}-doped zirconia nanotube arrays are excited at 317 nm, there are two strong photoluminescence emission peaks at 373 nm and 415 nm. When the excitation wavelength is 257 nm, a photoluminescence emission peak appears at 363 nm. Under same measurement conditions, emission peaks of the undoped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays are very weak.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22215637
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Materials Research Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0025-5408
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ALLOYS; ANODIZATION; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; DOPED MATERIALS; ERBIUM IONS; GRAIN SIZE; NANOTUBES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZIRCONIUM OXIDES

Citation Formats

Wang, Xixin, Zhao, Jianling, E-mail: hebutzhaoj@126.com, Du, Peng, Guo, Limin, Xu, Xuewen, and Tang, Chengchun. The photoluminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays prepared by anodization. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.06.028.
Wang, Xixin, Zhao, Jianling, E-mail: hebutzhaoj@126.com, Du, Peng, Guo, Limin, Xu, Xuewen, & Tang, Chengchun. The photoluminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays prepared by anodization. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.06.028.
Wang, Xixin, Zhao, Jianling, E-mail: hebutzhaoj@126.com, Du, Peng, Guo, Limin, Xu, Xuewen, and Tang, Chengchun. Thu . "The photoluminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays prepared by anodization". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.06.028.
@article{osti_22215637,
title = {The photoluminescence properties of Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays prepared by anodization},
author = {Wang, Xixin and Zhao, Jianling, E-mail: hebutzhaoj@126.com and Du, Peng and Guo, Limin and Xu, Xuewen and Tang, Chengchun},
abstractNote = {Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ► Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays were prepared by anodization of Zr–Er alloy. ► Small tetragonal zirconia crystallites are tended to be formed due to the doping of Er{sup 3+}. ► Under excitation at 317 nm, the ZrO{sub 2} nantube arrays have strongest photoluminescence intensity. -- Abstract: Er{sup 3+}-doped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays were prepared by anodization of Zr–Er alloy which was obtained by melting zirconium with 1.0 wt% erbium. The morphology, structure and photoluminescence properties were studied through scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence analyzer. X-ray diffraction results indicate that doping of Er{sup 3+} affects the crystal structure and grain size obviously and the Er{sup 3+}-doped samples tend to form small tetragonal grains. Photoluminescence analyses show that when Er{sup 3+}-doped zirconia nanotube arrays are excited at 317 nm, there are two strong photoluminescence emission peaks at 373 nm and 415 nm. When the excitation wavelength is 257 nm, a photoluminescence emission peak appears at 363 nm. Under same measurement conditions, emission peaks of the undoped ZrO{sub 2} nanotube arrays are very weak.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.06.028},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
issn = {0025-5408},
number = 11,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}