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Title: Microwave-assisted synthesis and photovoltaic measurements of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by using metal–organic precursors

Abstract

Highlights: ► CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles were prepared using complexes via a microwave-assisted method. ► The effect of preparation parameters on the morphology of CuInS{sub 2} was investigated. ► The as-deposited CdS/CuInS{sub 2} films were used for the photovoltaic measurements. -- Abstract: In this work, CuInS{sub 2} (CIS) nanoparticles have been synthesized with the aid of (1,8-diamino-3,6-dioxaoctan)copper(II) sulfate ([Cu(DADO)]SO{sub 4}) and bis(propylenediamine)copper(II) sulfate ([Cu(pn){sub 2}]SO{sub 4}) complexes as copper precursor in the presence of microwave irradiation. Besides, L-cystine, InCl{sub 3}, and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were applied as sulfur source, indium precursor, and capping agent, respectively. To investigate the effect of preparation parameters like microwave power and irradiation time on the morphology and particle size of CuInS{sub 2}, the experiment was carried out at different conditions. The as-synthesized CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, PL, SEM, TEM, and EDS. The XRD results showed that pure tetragonal CuInS{sub 2} could be only obtained after annealing at 400 °C for 2 h. The SEM images indicated that with decreasing the microwave power and irradiation time, particle size of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles decreased. To fabricate a solar cell, CdS film was directly deposited on top of the CIS film prepared by Doctor'smore » blade method through chemical bath deposition. The as-deposited CdS/CuInS{sub 2} films were used for the photovoltaic measurements.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Center for Nanoscience and Technology, IST, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad, Hyderabad – 500 085, Andhra Pradesh (India)
  2. Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
  3. (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22215548
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Materials Research Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0025-5408
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CADMIUM SULFIDES; COPPER; COPPER SULFIDES; DEPOSITS; FILMS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; INDIUM SULFIDES; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRRADIATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLE SIZE; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; PRECURSOR; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SULFATES; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S. Mostafa, Mohandes, Fatemeh, Salavati-Niasari, Masoud, E-mail: salavati@kashanu.ac.ir, Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Islamic Republic of Iran, and Venkateswara-Rao, K. Microwave-assisted synthesis and photovoltaic measurements of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by using metal–organic precursors. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.08.017.
Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S. Mostafa, Mohandes, Fatemeh, Salavati-Niasari, Masoud, E-mail: salavati@kashanu.ac.ir, Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Islamic Republic of Iran, & Venkateswara-Rao, K. Microwave-assisted synthesis and photovoltaic measurements of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by using metal–organic precursors. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.08.017.
Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S. Mostafa, Mohandes, Fatemeh, Salavati-Niasari, Masoud, E-mail: salavati@kashanu.ac.ir, Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Islamic Republic of Iran, and Venkateswara-Rao, K. Thu . "Microwave-assisted synthesis and photovoltaic measurements of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by using metal–organic precursors". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.08.017.
@article{osti_22215548,
title = {Microwave-assisted synthesis and photovoltaic measurements of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by using metal–organic precursors},
author = {Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S. Mostafa and Mohandes, Fatemeh and Salavati-Niasari, Masoud, E-mail: salavati@kashanu.ac.ir and Institute of Nano Science and Nano Technology, University of Kashan, Kashan, P.O. Box 87317-51167, Islamic Republic of Iran and Venkateswara-Rao, K.},
abstractNote = {Highlights: ► CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles were prepared using complexes via a microwave-assisted method. ► The effect of preparation parameters on the morphology of CuInS{sub 2} was investigated. ► The as-deposited CdS/CuInS{sub 2} films were used for the photovoltaic measurements. -- Abstract: In this work, CuInS{sub 2} (CIS) nanoparticles have been synthesized with the aid of (1,8-diamino-3,6-dioxaoctan)copper(II) sulfate ([Cu(DADO)]SO{sub 4}) and bis(propylenediamine)copper(II) sulfate ([Cu(pn){sub 2}]SO{sub 4}) complexes as copper precursor in the presence of microwave irradiation. Besides, L-cystine, InCl{sub 3}, and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were applied as sulfur source, indium precursor, and capping agent, respectively. To investigate the effect of preparation parameters like microwave power and irradiation time on the morphology and particle size of CuInS{sub 2}, the experiment was carried out at different conditions. The as-synthesized CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, PL, SEM, TEM, and EDS. The XRD results showed that pure tetragonal CuInS{sub 2} could be only obtained after annealing at 400 °C for 2 h. The SEM images indicated that with decreasing the microwave power and irradiation time, particle size of CuInS{sub 2} nanoparticles decreased. To fabricate a solar cell, CdS film was directly deposited on top of the CIS film prepared by Doctor's blade method through chemical bath deposition. The as-deposited CdS/CuInS{sub 2} films were used for the photovoltaic measurements.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2012.08.017},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
issn = {0025-5408},
number = 11,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}