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Title: Effect of oxyfluorinated multi-walled carbon nanotube additives on positive temperature coefficient/negative temperature coefficient behavior in high-density polyethylene polymeric switches

Abstract

Graphical abstract: The electrical properties of MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches and their effect on oxyfluorination. Highlights: {yields} Oxyfluorinated MWCNTs were used to reduce the PTC/NTC phenomenon in MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches. {yields} Electron mobility is difficult in MWCNT particles when the number of oxygen functional groups (C-O, C=O) increases by oxyfluorination. {yields} A mechanism of improved electrical properties of oxyfluorinated MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches was suggested. -- Abstract: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were embedded into high-density polyethylene (HDPE) to improve the electrical properties of HDPE polymeric switches. The MWCNT surfaces were modified by oxyfluorination to improve their positive temperature coefficient (PTC) and negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behaviors in HDPE polymeric switches. HDPE polymeric switches exhibit poor electron mobility between MWCNT particles when the number of oxygen functional groups is increased by oxyfluorination. Thus, the PTC intensity of HDPE polymeric switches was increased by the destruction of the electrical conductivity network. The oxyfluorination of MWCNTs also leads to weak NTC behavior in the MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches. This result is attributed to the reduction of the mutual attraction between the MWCNT particles at the melting temperature of HDPE, which results from a decrease in the surface free energy of the C-Fmore » bond in MWCNT particles.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4];  [1];  [2]
  1. Department of Green Energy Technology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. (Korea, Republic of)
  3. Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Korea Polytechnic IV College, Daejeon 300-702 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22212238
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Materials Research Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0025-5408
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CARBON NANOTUBES; DENSITY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRON MOBILITY; FREE ENERGY; MELTING POINTS; OXYGEN; PARTICLES; PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; POLYETHYLENES; SURFACE PROPERTIES; SURFACES; TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT

Citation Formats

Bai, Byong Chol, Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Kang, Seok Chang, Im, Ji Sun, Lee, Se Hyun, Lee, Young-Seak, E-mail: youngslee@cnu.ac.kr, and Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764. Effect of oxyfluorinated multi-walled carbon nanotube additives on positive temperature coefficient/negative temperature coefficient behavior in high-density polyethylene polymeric switches. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2011.05.021.
Bai, Byong Chol, Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Kang, Seok Chang, Im, Ji Sun, Lee, Se Hyun, Lee, Young-Seak, E-mail: youngslee@cnu.ac.kr, & Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764. Effect of oxyfluorinated multi-walled carbon nanotube additives on positive temperature coefficient/negative temperature coefficient behavior in high-density polyethylene polymeric switches. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2011.05.021.
Bai, Byong Chol, Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, Kang, Seok Chang, Im, Ji Sun, Lee, Se Hyun, Lee, Young-Seak, E-mail: youngslee@cnu.ac.kr, and Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764. Thu . "Effect of oxyfluorinated multi-walled carbon nanotube additives on positive temperature coefficient/negative temperature coefficient behavior in high-density polyethylene polymeric switches". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2011.05.021.
@article{osti_22212238,
title = {Effect of oxyfluorinated multi-walled carbon nanotube additives on positive temperature coefficient/negative temperature coefficient behavior in high-density polyethylene polymeric switches},
author = {Bai, Byong Chol and Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 and Kang, Seok Chang and Im, Ji Sun and Lee, Se Hyun and Lee, Young-Seak, E-mail: youngslee@cnu.ac.kr and Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, BK21-E2M, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764},
abstractNote = {Graphical abstract: The electrical properties of MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches and their effect on oxyfluorination. Highlights: {yields} Oxyfluorinated MWCNTs were used to reduce the PTC/NTC phenomenon in MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches. {yields} Electron mobility is difficult in MWCNT particles when the number of oxygen functional groups (C-O, C=O) increases by oxyfluorination. {yields} A mechanism of improved electrical properties of oxyfluorinated MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches was suggested. -- Abstract: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were embedded into high-density polyethylene (HDPE) to improve the electrical properties of HDPE polymeric switches. The MWCNT surfaces were modified by oxyfluorination to improve their positive temperature coefficient (PTC) and negative temperature coefficient (NTC) behaviors in HDPE polymeric switches. HDPE polymeric switches exhibit poor electron mobility between MWCNT particles when the number of oxygen functional groups is increased by oxyfluorination. Thus, the PTC intensity of HDPE polymeric switches was increased by the destruction of the electrical conductivity network. The oxyfluorination of MWCNTs also leads to weak NTC behavior in the MWCNT-filled HDPE polymeric switches. This result is attributed to the reduction of the mutual attraction between the MWCNT particles at the melting temperature of HDPE, which results from a decrease in the surface free energy of the C-F bond in MWCNT particles.},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2011.05.021},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
issn = {0025-5408},
number = 9,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {9}
}