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Title: Magnetic properties of nano-clusters lanthanum chromite powders doped with samarium and strontium ions synthesized via a novel combustion method

Abstract

Graphical abstract: Nanocrystalline Sm{sup 3+} and Sr{sup 2+} doped LaCrO{sub 3} powders have been synthesized through a novel gel combustion synthesis using triethanol amine (TEA). The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} increased with an increase Sm{sup 3+} ion and it decreased with an increase in the Sr{sup 3+} ion to 0.3 at temperature 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h due to the formation of a monodispersed uniform octahedral structure as shown in the Fig. Research highlights: {yields} Single-phase orthorhombic lanthanum chromite LaCrO{sub 3} nanoclusters have been successfully synthesized through a novel gel combustion synthesis using triethanol amine (TEA). {yields} Sr{sup 2+} ions doped LaCrO{sub 3} increased the unit cell volume and the crystallite size whereas Sm{sup 3+} ions doped LaCrO{sub 3} decreased the unit cell volume and the crystallite size. {yields} The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders increased continuously with an increase in the Sm concentration and it decreased with an increase in the Sr ion up to 0.3 at annealing temperature of 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. -- Abstract: A novel approach to synthesize a single-phase orthorhombic perovskite lanthanum chromite LaCrO{sub 3} clusters doped with Sm{sup 3+} and Sr{sup 2+} ions via gel combustion routemore » was reported. The producing materials were synthesized using metal nitrates as oxidizers and triethanol amine (TEA), N-butyl amine (NBA) or ethylene diamine (EDA) as a fuel. The effect of the annealing temperature, type of organic fuel and the variation of the samarium and/or strontium substitution and its impact on crystal structure, crystallite size, microstructure and magnetic properties of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders formed was systematically studied. The results revealed that a well crystalline single phase of pure LaCrO{sub 3} can be achieved at annealing temperature from 800 to 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. Moreover, each organic carrier materials exhibited a different degree of effectiveness in the synthesis of the mixed oxide powders. The crystal structure was influenced by doped Sm{sup 3+} and/or Sr{sup 2+} ions. The crystallite size of the produced powders was increased with the increase the annealing temperature, increasing the Sm{sup 3+} ion and the decrease of Sr{sup 2+} ion substitution. The microstructures of the produced powders were found to be nanoclusters octahedra-like shaped. The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders increased continuously with an increase in the Sm{sup 3+} ion concentration and it decreased with an increase in the Sr{sup 2+} ion up to 0.3 at annealing temperature of 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. The maximum saturation magnetization (0.279 emu/g) was achieved at the Sm{sup 3+} ion molar ratio 0.3 and annealing temperature 1000 {sup o}C. Moreover, wide coercivities can be obtained at different synthesis conditions (49.25 to 522 Oe).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Advanced Materials Department, Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute CMRDI, P.O. Box 87, Helwan 11421, Cairo (Egypt)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22210009
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Research Bulletin; Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CRYSTALS; DOPED MATERIALS; ETHYLENE; LANTHANUM; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MICROSTRUCTURE; NANOSTRUCTURES; ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES; PEROVSKITE; POWDERS; SAMARIUM; SAMARIUM IONS; STRONTIUM; STRONTIUM IONS; SYNTHESIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Citation Formats

Rashad, M.M., E-mail: rashad133@yahoo.com, and El-Sheikh, S.M. Magnetic properties of nano-clusters lanthanum chromite powders doped with samarium and strontium ions synthesized via a novel combustion method. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2010.10.016.
Rashad, M.M., E-mail: rashad133@yahoo.com, & El-Sheikh, S.M. Magnetic properties of nano-clusters lanthanum chromite powders doped with samarium and strontium ions synthesized via a novel combustion method. United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2010.10.016.
Rashad, M.M., E-mail: rashad133@yahoo.com, and El-Sheikh, S.M. Tue . "Magnetic properties of nano-clusters lanthanum chromite powders doped with samarium and strontium ions synthesized via a novel combustion method". United States. doi:10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2010.10.016.
@article{osti_22210009,
title = {Magnetic properties of nano-clusters lanthanum chromite powders doped with samarium and strontium ions synthesized via a novel combustion method},
author = {Rashad, M.M., E-mail: rashad133@yahoo.com and El-Sheikh, S.M.},
abstractNote = {Graphical abstract: Nanocrystalline Sm{sup 3+} and Sr{sup 2+} doped LaCrO{sub 3} powders have been synthesized through a novel gel combustion synthesis using triethanol amine (TEA). The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} increased with an increase Sm{sup 3+} ion and it decreased with an increase in the Sr{sup 3+} ion to 0.3 at temperature 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h due to the formation of a monodispersed uniform octahedral structure as shown in the Fig. Research highlights: {yields} Single-phase orthorhombic lanthanum chromite LaCrO{sub 3} nanoclusters have been successfully synthesized through a novel gel combustion synthesis using triethanol amine (TEA). {yields} Sr{sup 2+} ions doped LaCrO{sub 3} increased the unit cell volume and the crystallite size whereas Sm{sup 3+} ions doped LaCrO{sub 3} decreased the unit cell volume and the crystallite size. {yields} The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders increased continuously with an increase in the Sm concentration and it decreased with an increase in the Sr ion up to 0.3 at annealing temperature of 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. -- Abstract: A novel approach to synthesize a single-phase orthorhombic perovskite lanthanum chromite LaCrO{sub 3} clusters doped with Sm{sup 3+} and Sr{sup 2+} ions via gel combustion route was reported. The producing materials were synthesized using metal nitrates as oxidizers and triethanol amine (TEA), N-butyl amine (NBA) or ethylene diamine (EDA) as a fuel. The effect of the annealing temperature, type of organic fuel and the variation of the samarium and/or strontium substitution and its impact on crystal structure, crystallite size, microstructure and magnetic properties of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders formed was systematically studied. The results revealed that a well crystalline single phase of pure LaCrO{sub 3} can be achieved at annealing temperature from 800 to 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. Moreover, each organic carrier materials exhibited a different degree of effectiveness in the synthesis of the mixed oxide powders. The crystal structure was influenced by doped Sm{sup 3+} and/or Sr{sup 2+} ions. The crystallite size of the produced powders was increased with the increase the annealing temperature, increasing the Sm{sup 3+} ion and the decrease of Sr{sup 2+} ion substitution. The microstructures of the produced powders were found to be nanoclusters octahedra-like shaped. The saturation magnetization of the LaCrO{sub 3} powders increased continuously with an increase in the Sm{sup 3+} ion concentration and it decreased with an increase in the Sr{sup 2+} ion up to 0.3 at annealing temperature of 1000 {sup o}C for 2 h. The maximum saturation magnetization (0.279 emu/g) was achieved at the Sm{sup 3+} ion molar ratio 0.3 and annealing temperature 1000 {sup o}C. Moreover, wide coercivities can be obtained at different synthesis conditions (49.25 to 522 Oe).},
doi = {10.1016/J.MATERRESBULL.2010.10.016},
journal = {Materials Research Bulletin},
number = 3,
volume = 46,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2011},
month = {Tue Mar 15 00:00:00 EDT 2011}
}