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Title: Technologies for detection of nuclear materials

Abstract

Detection of smuggled nuclear materials at transit points requires monitoring unknown samples in large closed packages. This review contends that high-confidence nuclear-material detection requires induced fission as the primary mechanism, with passive radiation screening in a complementary role. With the right equipment, even small quantities of nuclear materials are detectable with a high probability at transit points. The equipment could also be linked synergistically with detectors of other contrabond. For screening postal mail and packages, passive monitors are probably more cost-effective. When a suspicious item is detected, a single active probe could then be used. Until active systems become mass produced, this two-stage screening/interrogation role for active/passive equipment is more economic for cargo at border crossings. For widespread monitoring of nuclear smuggling, it will probably be necessary to develop a system for simultaneously detecting most categories of contraband, including explosives and illicit drugs. With control of nuclear materials at known storage sites being the first line of defense, detection capabilities at international borders could establish a viable second line of defense against smuggling.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
221905
Report Number(s):
ANL/TD/CP-89753; CONF-9604126-4
ON: DE96009428; TRN: 96:012267
DOE Contract Number:
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Moscow International Science and Technology Center symposium on nuclear physics methods for detecting smuggled explosives and nuclear materials, Obninsk (Russian Federation), 8-11 Apr 1996; Other Information: PBD: 30 Mar 1996
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 40 CHEMISTRY; NUCLEAR MATERIALS DIVERSION; DETECTION; NUCLEAR MATERIALS POSSESSION; AIRPORTS; TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS; POSTAL SERVICES; SAFEGUARDS

Citation Formats

DeVolpi, A. Technologies for detection of nuclear materials. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
DeVolpi, A. Technologies for detection of nuclear materials. United States.
DeVolpi, A. Sat . "Technologies for detection of nuclear materials". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/221905.
@article{osti_221905,
title = {Technologies for detection of nuclear materials},
author = {DeVolpi, A.},
abstractNote = {Detection of smuggled nuclear materials at transit points requires monitoring unknown samples in large closed packages. This review contends that high-confidence nuclear-material detection requires induced fission as the primary mechanism, with passive radiation screening in a complementary role. With the right equipment, even small quantities of nuclear materials are detectable with a high probability at transit points. The equipment could also be linked synergistically with detectors of other contrabond. For screening postal mail and packages, passive monitors are probably more cost-effective. When a suspicious item is detected, a single active probe could then be used. Until active systems become mass produced, this two-stage screening/interrogation role for active/passive equipment is more economic for cargo at border crossings. For widespread monitoring of nuclear smuggling, it will probably be necessary to develop a system for simultaneously detecting most categories of contraband, including explosives and illicit drugs. With control of nuclear materials at known storage sites being the first line of defense, detection capabilities at international borders could establish a viable second line of defense against smuggling.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sat Mar 30 00:00:00 EST 1996},
month = {Sat Mar 30 00:00:00 EST 1996}
}

Conference:
Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

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