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Title: Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer

Abstract

Purpose: To report contemporary outcomes for inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients treated in the modern era of trastuzumab and taxane-based chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 104 patients with nonmetastatic IBC treated between January 2000 and December 2009. Patients who received chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy were considered to have completed the intended therapy. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated locoregional control (LRC), distant metastases-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival. Results: The median follow-up time was 34 months; 57 (55%) patients were estrogen receptor progesterone receptor (ER/PR) negative, 34 (33%) patients were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (her2)/neu amplified, and 78 (75%) received definitive postoperative radiation. Seventy-five (72%) patients completed all of the intended therapy, of whom 67 (89%) received a taxane and 18/28 (64%) of her2/neu-amplified patients received trastuzumab. For the entire cohort, the 5-year rates of overall survival, LRC, and DMFS were 46%, 83%, and 44%, respectively. The ER/PR-negative patients had a 5-year DMFS of 39% vs. 52% for ER/PR-positive patients (p = 0.03). The 5-year DMFS for patients who achieved a pathologic complete response compared with those who did not was 83% vs. 44% (p < 0.01). Those patients who received >60.4 Gy (n =more » 15) to the chest wall had a 5-year LRC rate of 100% vs. 83% for those who received 45 to 60.4 Gy (n = 49; p = 0.048). On univariate analysis, significant predictors of DMFS included achieving a complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-24.4; p = 0.02) and pathologically negative lymph nodes (HR = 4.1; 95% CI = 1.4-11.9; p < 0.01), but no factor was significant on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: For IBC patients, the rate of distant metastases is still high despite excellent local control, particularly for patients who received >60.4 Gy to the chest wall. Despite the use of taxanes and trastuzumab, outcomes remain modest, particularly for those with ER/PR-negative disease and those without a pathologic complete response.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22149557
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 84; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3016
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; CHEMOTHERAPY; CHEST; ESTROGENS; GROWTH FACTORS; HEALTH HAZARDS; INFLAMMATION; LYMPH NODES; MAMMARY GLANDS; METASTASES; MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS; NEOPLASMS; PATIENTS; PROGESTERONE; RADIOTHERAPY; RECEPTORS; SURGERY

Citation Formats

Rehman, Sana, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio, Reddy, Chandana A., and Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org. Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2012.01.030.
Rehman, Sana, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio, Reddy, Chandana A., & Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org. Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer. United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2012.01.030.
Rehman, Sana, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio, Reddy, Chandana A., and Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org. Thu . "Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer". United States. doi:10.1016/J.IJROBP.2012.01.030.
@article{osti_22149557,
title = {Modern Outcomes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer},
author = {Rehman, Sana and Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, Ohio and Reddy, Chandana A. and Tendulkar, Rahul D., E-mail: tendulr@ccf.org},
abstractNote = {Purpose: To report contemporary outcomes for inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) patients treated in the modern era of trastuzumab and taxane-based chemotherapy. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 104 patients with nonmetastatic IBC treated between January 2000 and December 2009. Patients who received chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy were considered to have completed the intended therapy. Kaplan-Meier curves estimated locoregional control (LRC), distant metastases-free survival (DMFS), and overall survival. Results: The median follow-up time was 34 months; 57 (55%) patients were estrogen receptor progesterone receptor (ER/PR) negative, 34 (33%) patients were human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (her2)/neu amplified, and 78 (75%) received definitive postoperative radiation. Seventy-five (72%) patients completed all of the intended therapy, of whom 67 (89%) received a taxane and 18/28 (64%) of her2/neu-amplified patients received trastuzumab. For the entire cohort, the 5-year rates of overall survival, LRC, and DMFS were 46%, 83%, and 44%, respectively. The ER/PR-negative patients had a 5-year DMFS of 39% vs. 52% for ER/PR-positive patients (p = 0.03). The 5-year DMFS for patients who achieved a pathologic complete response compared with those who did not was 83% vs. 44% (p < 0.01). Those patients who received >60.4 Gy (n = 15) to the chest wall had a 5-year LRC rate of 100% vs. 83% for those who received 45 to 60.4 Gy (n = 49; p = 0.048). On univariate analysis, significant predictors of DMFS included achieving a complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR] = 5.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-24.4; p = 0.02) and pathologically negative lymph nodes (HR = 4.1; 95% CI = 1.4-11.9; p < 0.01), but no factor was significant on multivariate analysis. Conclusions: For IBC patients, the rate of distant metastases is still high despite excellent local control, particularly for patients who received >60.4 Gy to the chest wall. Despite the use of taxanes and trastuzumab, outcomes remain modest, particularly for those with ER/PR-negative disease and those without a pathologic complete response.},
doi = {10.1016/J.IJROBP.2012.01.030},
journal = {International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics},
issn = {0360-3016},
number = 3,
volume = 84,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}