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Title: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE TRIPLE-MERGER CLUSTER MACS J0717.5+3745 WITH MUSTANG AND BOLOCAM

Abstract

We present 90, 140, and 268 GHz subarcminute resolution imaging of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) in the disturbed, intermediate-redshift (z 0.5458) galaxy cluster MACS J0717.5+3745, a triple-merger system comprising four distinct, optically detected subclusters. Our 90 GHz SZE data result in a sensitive, 34 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} map of the SZE at 13'' effective resolution using the MUSTANG bolometer array on the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Our 140 and 268 GHz SZE imaging, with resolutions of 58'' and 31'' and sensitivities of 1.8 and 3.3 mJy beam{sup -1}, respectively, was obtained through observations from the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory using Bolocam. We compare these maps to a two-dimensional pressure map derived from Chandra X-ray observations. Our MUSTANG SZE data confirm previous indications from Chandra of a pressure enhancement due to shock-heated, {approx}> 20 keV gas immediately adjacent to extended radio emission seen in low-frequency radio maps of this cluster. MUSTANG also detects pressure substructure that is not well constrained by the Chandra X-ray data in the remnant core of a merging subcluster. We find that the small-scale pressure enhancements in the MUSTANG data amount to {approx}2% of the total pressure measured in the 140 GHz Bolocam observations. The X-ray inferred pseudo-pressuremore » template also fails on larger scales to accurately describe the Bolocam data, particularly at the location of the subcluster with a remnant core known to have a high line-of-sight optical velocity of {approx}3200 km s{sup -1}. Our Bolocam data are adequately described when we add an additional component-not described by a thermal SZE spectrum-to the X-ray template coincident with this subcluster. Using flux densities extracted from our model fits, and marginalizing over the X-ray spectroscopic temperature constraints for the region, we fit a thermal + kinetic SZE spectrum to our Bolocam data and find that the subcluster has a best-fit line-of-sight proper velocity v{sub z} 3600{sup +3440}{sub -{sub 2160}} km s{sup -1}, in agreement with the optical velocity estimates for the subcluster. The probability v{sub z} {<=} 0 given our measurements is 2.1%. Repeating this analysis using flux densities measured directly from our maps results in a 3.4% probability v{sub z} {<=} 0. We note that this tantalizing result for the kinetic SZE is on resolved, subcluster scales.« less

Authors:
; ; ;  [1]; ; ; ;  [2]; ; ;  [3]; ;  [4];  [5]; ; ;  [6];  [7];  [8]
  1. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, 209 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)
  3. California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
  4. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)
  5. Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22901 (United States)
  6. Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P. O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
  7. Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
  8. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22140086
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 761; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BACKGROUND RADIATION; BOLOMETERS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMOLOGY; FLUX DENSITY; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GAMMA ASTRONOMY; GHZ RANGE; KEV RANGE; RED SHIFT; RESOLUTION; SENSITIVITY; TELESCOPES; X RADIATION; X-RAY GALAXIES; X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY

Citation Formats

Mroczkowski, Tony, Korngut, Phillip, Bock, James, Zemcov, Michael, Dicker, Simon, Reese, Erik D., Young, Alexander, Devlin, Mark, Sayers, Jack, Czakon, Nicole, Golwala, Sunil, Mason, Brian, Romero, Charles, Sarazin, Craig, Koch, Patrick M., Lin, Kai-Yang, Umetsu, Keiichi, Molnar, Sandor M., and Pierpaoli, Elena. A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE TRIPLE-MERGER CLUSTER MACS J0717.5+3745 WITH MUSTANG AND BOLOCAM. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/1/47.
Mroczkowski, Tony, Korngut, Phillip, Bock, James, Zemcov, Michael, Dicker, Simon, Reese, Erik D., Young, Alexander, Devlin, Mark, Sayers, Jack, Czakon, Nicole, Golwala, Sunil, Mason, Brian, Romero, Charles, Sarazin, Craig, Koch, Patrick M., Lin, Kai-Yang, Umetsu, Keiichi, Molnar, Sandor M., & Pierpaoli, Elena. A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE TRIPLE-MERGER CLUSTER MACS J0717.5+3745 WITH MUSTANG AND BOLOCAM. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/1/47.
Mroczkowski, Tony, Korngut, Phillip, Bock, James, Zemcov, Michael, Dicker, Simon, Reese, Erik D., Young, Alexander, Devlin, Mark, Sayers, Jack, Czakon, Nicole, Golwala, Sunil, Mason, Brian, Romero, Charles, Sarazin, Craig, Koch, Patrick M., Lin, Kai-Yang, Umetsu, Keiichi, Molnar, Sandor M., and Pierpaoli, Elena. Mon . "A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE TRIPLE-MERGER CLUSTER MACS J0717.5+3745 WITH MUSTANG AND BOLOCAM". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/1/47.
@article{osti_22140086,
title = {A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE TRIPLE-MERGER CLUSTER MACS J0717.5+3745 WITH MUSTANG AND BOLOCAM},
author = {Mroczkowski, Tony and Korngut, Phillip and Bock, James and Zemcov, Michael and Dicker, Simon and Reese, Erik D. and Young, Alexander and Devlin, Mark and Sayers, Jack and Czakon, Nicole and Golwala, Sunil and Mason, Brian and Romero, Charles and Sarazin, Craig and Koch, Patrick M. and Lin, Kai-Yang and Umetsu, Keiichi and Molnar, Sandor M. and Pierpaoli, Elena},
abstractNote = {We present 90, 140, and 268 GHz subarcminute resolution imaging of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect (SZE) in the disturbed, intermediate-redshift (z 0.5458) galaxy cluster MACS J0717.5+3745, a triple-merger system comprising four distinct, optically detected subclusters. Our 90 GHz SZE data result in a sensitive, 34 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} map of the SZE at 13'' effective resolution using the MUSTANG bolometer array on the Green Bank Telescope (GBT). Our 140 and 268 GHz SZE imaging, with resolutions of 58'' and 31'' and sensitivities of 1.8 and 3.3 mJy beam{sup -1}, respectively, was obtained through observations from the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory using Bolocam. We compare these maps to a two-dimensional pressure map derived from Chandra X-ray observations. Our MUSTANG SZE data confirm previous indications from Chandra of a pressure enhancement due to shock-heated, {approx}> 20 keV gas immediately adjacent to extended radio emission seen in low-frequency radio maps of this cluster. MUSTANG also detects pressure substructure that is not well constrained by the Chandra X-ray data in the remnant core of a merging subcluster. We find that the small-scale pressure enhancements in the MUSTANG data amount to {approx}2% of the total pressure measured in the 140 GHz Bolocam observations. The X-ray inferred pseudo-pressure template also fails on larger scales to accurately describe the Bolocam data, particularly at the location of the subcluster with a remnant core known to have a high line-of-sight optical velocity of {approx}3200 km s{sup -1}. Our Bolocam data are adequately described when we add an additional component-not described by a thermal SZE spectrum-to the X-ray template coincident with this subcluster. Using flux densities extracted from our model fits, and marginalizing over the X-ray spectroscopic temperature constraints for the region, we fit a thermal + kinetic SZE spectrum to our Bolocam data and find that the subcluster has a best-fit line-of-sight proper velocity v{sub z} 3600{sup +3440}{sub -{sub 2160}} km s{sup -1}, in agreement with the optical velocity estimates for the subcluster. The probability v{sub z} {<=} 0 given our measurements is 2.1%. Repeating this analysis using flux densities measured directly from our maps results in a 3.4% probability v{sub z} {<=} 0. We note that this tantalizing result for the kinetic SZE is on resolved, subcluster scales.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/761/1/47},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 761,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {12}
}