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Title: HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY

Abstract

We report the first investigation of cool-core properties of galaxy clusters selected via their Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. We use 13 galaxy clusters uniformly selected from 178 deg{sup 2} observed with the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and followed up by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. They form an approximately mass-limited sample (>3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} M{sub Sun} h {sup -1}{sub 70}) spanning redshifts 0.3 < z < 1.1. Using previously published X-ray-selected cluster samples, we compare two proxies of cool-core strength: surface brightness concentration (c{sub SB}) and cuspiness ({alpha}). We find that c{sub SB} is better constrained. We measure c{sub SB} for the SPT sample and find several new z > 0.5 cool-core clusters, including two strong cool cores. This rules out the hypothesis that there are no z > 0.5 clusters that qualify as strong cool cores at the 5.4{sigma} level. The fraction of strong cool-core clusters in the SPT sample in this redshift regime is between 7% and 56% (95% confidence). Although the SPT selection function is significantly different from the X-ray samples, the high-z c{sub SB} distribution for the SPT sample is statistically consistent with that of X-ray-selected samples at both low and high redshifts. The cool-core strength ismore » inversely correlated with the offset between the brightest cluster galaxy and the X-ray centroid, providing evidence that the dynamical state affects the cool-core strength of the cluster. Larger SZ-selected samples will be crucial in understanding the evolution of cluster cool cores over cosmic time.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1];  [2]; ;  [3];  [4]; ; ; ; ; ;  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]; ;  [9] more »; « less
  1. Department of Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Scheinerstr. 1, D-81679 Muenchen (Germany)
  2. University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  3. Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)
  4. MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
  5. Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  6. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri, 5110 Rockhill Road, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)
  7. NIST Quantum Devices Group, 325 Broadway Mailcode 817.03, Boulder, CO 80305 (United States)
  8. Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, PUC Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile)
  9. Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22139926
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 761; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BRIGHTNESS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GAMMA ASTRONOMY; MASS; RED SHIFT; TELESCOPE COUNTERS; X RADIATION; X-RAY DETECTION; X-RAY GALAXIES

Citation Formats

Semler, D. R., Suhada, R., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Aird, K. A., Ashby, M. L. N., Bayliss, M., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Brodwin, M., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., De Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., and others, and. HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/183.
Semler, D. R., Suhada, R., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Aird, K. A., Ashby, M. L. N., Bayliss, M., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Brodwin, M., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., De Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., & others, and. HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/183.
Semler, D. R., Suhada, R., Bazin, G., Bocquet, S., Desai, S., Aird, K. A., Ashby, M. L. N., Bayliss, M., Bautz, M., Benson, B. A., Bleem, L. E., Carlstrom, J. E., Chang, C. L., Crawford, T. M., Crites, A. T., Brodwin, M., Cho, H. M., Clocchiatti, A., De Haan, T., Dobbs, M. A., and others, and. Thu . "HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/183.
@article{osti_22139926,
title = {HIGH-REDSHIFT COOL-CORE GALAXY CLUSTERS DETECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT IN THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY},
author = {Semler, D. R. and Suhada, R. and Bazin, G. and Bocquet, S. and Desai, S. and Aird, K. A. and Ashby, M. L. N. and Bayliss, M. and Bautz, M. and Benson, B. A. and Bleem, L. E. and Carlstrom, J. E. and Chang, C. L. and Crawford, T. M. and Crites, A. T. and Brodwin, M. and Cho, H. M. and Clocchiatti, A. and De Haan, T. and Dobbs, M. A. and others, and},
abstractNote = {We report the first investigation of cool-core properties of galaxy clusters selected via their Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. We use 13 galaxy clusters uniformly selected from 178 deg{sup 2} observed with the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and followed up by the Chandra X-ray Observatory. They form an approximately mass-limited sample (>3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} M{sub Sun} h {sup -1}{sub 70}) spanning redshifts 0.3 < z < 1.1. Using previously published X-ray-selected cluster samples, we compare two proxies of cool-core strength: surface brightness concentration (c{sub SB}) and cuspiness ({alpha}). We find that c{sub SB} is better constrained. We measure c{sub SB} for the SPT sample and find several new z > 0.5 cool-core clusters, including two strong cool cores. This rules out the hypothesis that there are no z > 0.5 clusters that qualify as strong cool cores at the 5.4{sigma} level. The fraction of strong cool-core clusters in the SPT sample in this redshift regime is between 7% and 56% (95% confidence). Although the SPT selection function is significantly different from the X-ray samples, the high-z c{sub SB} distribution for the SPT sample is statistically consistent with that of X-ray-selected samples at both low and high redshifts. The cool-core strength is inversely correlated with the offset between the brightest cluster galaxy and the X-ray centroid, providing evidence that the dynamical state affects the cool-core strength of the cluster. Larger SZ-selected samples will be crucial in understanding the evolution of cluster cool cores over cosmic time.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/183},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 2,
volume = 761,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {12}
}