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Title: STELLAR POPULATIONS IN COMPACT GALAXY GROUPS: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF HCGs 16, 22, AND 42, THEIR STAR CLUSTERS, AND DWARF GALAXIES

Abstract

We present a multi-wavelength analysis of three compact galaxy groups, Hickson compact groups (HCGs) 16, 22, and 42, which describe a sequence in terms of gas richness, from space- (Swift, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and Spitzer) and ground-based (Las Campanas Observatory and Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory) imaging and spectroscopy. We study various signs of past interactions including a faint, dusty tidal feature about HCG 16A, which we tentatively age-date at <1 Gyr. This represents the possible detection of a tidal feature at the end of its phase of optical observability. Our HST images also resolve what were thought to be double nuclei in HCG 16C and D into multiple, distinct sources, likely to be star clusters. Beyond our phenomenological treatment, we focus primarily on contrasting the stellar populations across these three groups. The star clusters show a remarkable intermediate-age population in HCG 22, and identify the time at which star formation was quenched in HCG 42. We also search for dwarf galaxies at accordant redshifts. The inclusion of 33 members and 27 ''associates'' (possible members) radically changes group dynamical masses, which in turn may affect previous evolutionary classifications. The extended membership paints a picture of relative isolation in HCGs 16more » and 22, but shows HCG 42 to be part of a larger structure, following a dichotomy expected from recent studies. We conclude that (1) star cluster populations provide an excellent metric of evolutionary state, as they can age-date the past epochs of star formation; and (2) the extended dwarf galaxy population must be considered in assessing the dynamical state of a compact group.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ;  [3]; ; ;  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7]; ;  [8];  [9]
  1. Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 915, North Ryde, NSW 1670 (Australia)
  2. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  3. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States)
  4. Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada)
  5. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, OH 44555 (United States)
  6. Carnegie Observatories, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)
  7. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada)
  8. Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 3813, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)
  9. Laboratory for X-ray Astrophysics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22127074
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 770; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; CARBON 16; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GALAXIES; IMAGES; RED SHIFT; SPECTROSCOPY; STAR CLUSTERS; STARS; TELESCOPES

Citation Formats

Konstantopoulos, I. S., Maybhate, A., Charlton, J. C., Gronwall, C., Fedotov, K., Desjardins, T. D., Gallagher, S. C., Durrell, P. R., Mulchaey, J. S., English, J., Walker, L. M., Johnson, K. E., and Tzanavaris, P., E-mail: iraklis@aao.gov.au. STELLAR POPULATIONS IN COMPACT GALAXY GROUPS: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF HCGs 16, 22, AND 42, THEIR STAR CLUSTERS, AND DWARF GALAXIES. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/114.
Konstantopoulos, I. S., Maybhate, A., Charlton, J. C., Gronwall, C., Fedotov, K., Desjardins, T. D., Gallagher, S. C., Durrell, P. R., Mulchaey, J. S., English, J., Walker, L. M., Johnson, K. E., & Tzanavaris, P., E-mail: iraklis@aao.gov.au. STELLAR POPULATIONS IN COMPACT GALAXY GROUPS: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF HCGs 16, 22, AND 42, THEIR STAR CLUSTERS, AND DWARF GALAXIES. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/114.
Konstantopoulos, I. S., Maybhate, A., Charlton, J. C., Gronwall, C., Fedotov, K., Desjardins, T. D., Gallagher, S. C., Durrell, P. R., Mulchaey, J. S., English, J., Walker, L. M., Johnson, K. E., and Tzanavaris, P., E-mail: iraklis@aao.gov.au. Thu . "STELLAR POPULATIONS IN COMPACT GALAXY GROUPS: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF HCGs 16, 22, AND 42, THEIR STAR CLUSTERS, AND DWARF GALAXIES". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/114.
@article{osti_22127074,
title = {STELLAR POPULATIONS IN COMPACT GALAXY GROUPS: A MULTI-WAVELENGTH STUDY OF HCGs 16, 22, AND 42, THEIR STAR CLUSTERS, AND DWARF GALAXIES},
author = {Konstantopoulos, I. S. and Maybhate, A. and Charlton, J. C. and Gronwall, C. and Fedotov, K. and Desjardins, T. D. and Gallagher, S. C. and Durrell, P. R. and Mulchaey, J. S. and English, J. and Walker, L. M. and Johnson, K. E. and Tzanavaris, P., E-mail: iraklis@aao.gov.au},
abstractNote = {We present a multi-wavelength analysis of three compact galaxy groups, Hickson compact groups (HCGs) 16, 22, and 42, which describe a sequence in terms of gas richness, from space- (Swift, Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and Spitzer) and ground-based (Las Campanas Observatory and Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory) imaging and spectroscopy. We study various signs of past interactions including a faint, dusty tidal feature about HCG 16A, which we tentatively age-date at <1 Gyr. This represents the possible detection of a tidal feature at the end of its phase of optical observability. Our HST images also resolve what were thought to be double nuclei in HCG 16C and D into multiple, distinct sources, likely to be star clusters. Beyond our phenomenological treatment, we focus primarily on contrasting the stellar populations across these three groups. The star clusters show a remarkable intermediate-age population in HCG 22, and identify the time at which star formation was quenched in HCG 42. We also search for dwarf galaxies at accordant redshifts. The inclusion of 33 members and 27 ''associates'' (possible members) radically changes group dynamical masses, which in turn may affect previous evolutionary classifications. The extended membership paints a picture of relative isolation in HCGs 16 and 22, but shows HCG 42 to be part of a larger structure, following a dichotomy expected from recent studies. We conclude that (1) star cluster populations provide an excellent metric of evolutionary state, as they can age-date the past epochs of star formation; and (2) the extended dwarf galaxy population must be considered in assessing the dynamical state of a compact group.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/770/2/114},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 770,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jun 20 00:00:00 EDT 2013},
month = {Thu Jun 20 00:00:00 EDT 2013}
}