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Title: Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach

Abstract

This paper summarizes the major insights gained from aerosol retention capability of a tube bundle that simulates the break stage of the secondary side of a failed steam generator under dry SGTR conditions. This scenario is highly relevant in nuclear safety since it affects the potential retention of radioactive particles in case of meltdown sequences with a SGTR. An 8-test experimental campaign has been carried out, extending the current database on the decontamination capability of the steam generator. The effects of the breach features (shape and size) and the particle nature (SiO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}) on the collection efficiency have been explored. The results confirmed the strong effect of the physical nature even when tube breaks in a fish-mouth mode. Loose aggregates (i.e. TiO{sub 2}) would be trapped to a limited extent (less than 25%); while single- or few-aggregates (i.e. SiO{sub 2}) would undergo a quite effective removal (i.e. over 75%). For fish-mouth breaches and SiO{sub 2} particles, the breach size has been found to moderately affect retention efficiency. Furthermore, the breach shape does not seem to have any effect on the net collection efficiency within the break stage, no matter the particle type. However, individual tube measurements indicatemore » notably different deposition patterns, although an effect of the facility geometry cannot be disregarded as a key player in this observation. (authors)« less

Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Unit of Nuclear Safety Research, CIEMAT, Avd. Complutense, 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
American Nuclear Society, 555 North Kensington Avenue, La Grange Park, IL 60526 (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
22106070
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: ICAPP '12: 2012 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants, Chicago, IL (United States), 24-28 Jun 2012; Other Information: Country of input: France; 11 refs.; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the 2012 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants - ICAPP '12| 2799 p.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; AEROSOLS; APERTURES; DECONTAMINATION; EFFICIENCY; MELTDOWN; RETENTION; RUPTURES; SAFETY ANALYSIS; SHAPE; SILICON OXIDES; STEAM GENERATORS; TITANIUM OXIDES; TUBES

Citation Formats

Herranz, L. E., Tardaguila, R. D., and Lopez, C. Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach. United States: N. p., 2012. Web.
Herranz, L. E., Tardaguila, R. D., & Lopez, C. Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach. United States.
Herranz, L. E., Tardaguila, R. D., and Lopez, C. Sun . "Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach". United States.
@article{osti_22106070,
title = {Aerosol retention during SGTR meltdown sequences: Experimental insights of the effect of size and shape of the breach},
author = {Herranz, L. E. and Tardaguila, R. D. and Lopez, C.},
abstractNote = {This paper summarizes the major insights gained from aerosol retention capability of a tube bundle that simulates the break stage of the secondary side of a failed steam generator under dry SGTR conditions. This scenario is highly relevant in nuclear safety since it affects the potential retention of radioactive particles in case of meltdown sequences with a SGTR. An 8-test experimental campaign has been carried out, extending the current database on the decontamination capability of the steam generator. The effects of the breach features (shape and size) and the particle nature (SiO{sub 2} and TiO{sub 2}) on the collection efficiency have been explored. The results confirmed the strong effect of the physical nature even when tube breaks in a fish-mouth mode. Loose aggregates (i.e. TiO{sub 2}) would be trapped to a limited extent (less than 25%); while single- or few-aggregates (i.e. SiO{sub 2}) would undergo a quite effective removal (i.e. over 75%). For fish-mouth breaches and SiO{sub 2} particles, the breach size has been found to moderately affect retention efficiency. Furthermore, the breach shape does not seem to have any effect on the net collection efficiency within the break stage, no matter the particle type. However, individual tube measurements indicate notably different deposition patterns, although an effect of the facility geometry cannot be disregarded as a key player in this observation. (authors)},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {7}
}

Conference:
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