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Title: Characteristics of an OSLD in the diagnostic energy range

Abstract

Purpose: Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimetry has been recently introduced in radiation therapy as a potential alternative to the thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) system. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using OSL point dosimeters in the energy range used in diagnostic imaging. Methods: NanoDot OSL dosimeters (OSLDs) were used in this study, which started with testing the homogeneity of a new packet of nanoDots. Reproducibility and the effect of optical treatment (bleaching) were then examined, followed by an investigation of the effect of accumulated dose on the OSLD indicated doses. OSLD linearity, angular dependence, and energy dependence were also studied. Furthermore, comparison with LiF:Mg,Ti TLD chips using standard CT dose phantoms at 80 and 120 kVp settings was performed. Results: Batch homogeneity showed a coefficient of variation of <5%. Single-irradiation measurements with bleaching after each OSL readout was found to be associated with a 3.3% reproducibility (one standard deviation measured with a 8 mGy test dose), and no systematic change in OSLDs sensitivity could be noted from measurement to measurement. In contrast, the multiple-irradiation readout without bleaching in between measurements was found to be associated with an uncertainty (using a 6 mGy test dose) that systematicallymore » increased with accumulated dose, reaching 42% at 82 mGy. Good linearity was shown by nanoDots under general x-ray, CT, and mammography units with an R{sup 2} > 0.99. The angular dependence test showed a drop of approximately 70% in the OSLD response at 90 deg. in mammography (25 kVp). With the general radiography unit, the maximum drop was 40% at 80 kVp and 20% at 120 kVp, and it was only 10% with CT at both 80 and 120 kVp. The energy dependence study showed a range of ion chamber-to-OSLDs ratios between 0.81 and 1.56, at the energies investigated (29-62 keV). A paired t-test for comparing the OSLDs and TLDs showed no significant variation (p > 0.1). Conclusions: OSLDs exhibited good batch homogeneity (<5%) and reproducibility (3.3%), as well as a linear response. In addition, they showed no statistically significant difference with TLDs in CT measurements (p > 0.1). However, high uncertainty (42%) in the dose estimate was found as a result of relatively high accumulated dose. Furthermore, nanoDots showed high angular dependence (up to 70%) in low kVp techniques. Energy dependence of about 60% was found, and correction factors were suggested for the range of energies investigated. Therefore, if angular and energy dependences are taken into consideration and the uncertainty associated with accumulated dose is avoided, OSLDs (nanoDots) can be suitable for use as point dosimeters in diagnostic settings.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22098575
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Medical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 38; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2011 American Association of Physicists in Medicine; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0094-2405
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 62 RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE; BIOMEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; ENERGY DEPENDENCE; IONIZATION CHAMBERS; IRRADIATION; KEV RANGE 10-100; LITHIUM FLUORIDES; LUMINESCENCE; LUMINESCENT DOSEMETERS; MAMMARY GLANDS; PHANTOMS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RADIATION DOSES; RADIOTHERAPY; READOUT SYSTEMS; THERMOLUMINESCENT DOSEMETERS; X RADIATION

Citation Formats

Al-Senan, Rani M., and Hatab, Mustapha R.. Characteristics of an OSLD in the diagnostic energy range. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1118/1.3602456.
Al-Senan, Rani M., & Hatab, Mustapha R.. Characteristics of an OSLD in the diagnostic energy range. United States. doi:10.1118/1.3602456.
Al-Senan, Rani M., and Hatab, Mustapha R.. Fri . "Characteristics of an OSLD in the diagnostic energy range". United States. doi:10.1118/1.3602456.
@article{osti_22098575,
title = {Characteristics of an OSLD in the diagnostic energy range},
author = {Al-Senan, Rani M. and Hatab, Mustapha R.},
abstractNote = {Purpose: Optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimetry has been recently introduced in radiation therapy as a potential alternative to the thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) system. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using OSL point dosimeters in the energy range used in diagnostic imaging. Methods: NanoDot OSL dosimeters (OSLDs) were used in this study, which started with testing the homogeneity of a new packet of nanoDots. Reproducibility and the effect of optical treatment (bleaching) were then examined, followed by an investigation of the effect of accumulated dose on the OSLD indicated doses. OSLD linearity, angular dependence, and energy dependence were also studied. Furthermore, comparison with LiF:Mg,Ti TLD chips using standard CT dose phantoms at 80 and 120 kVp settings was performed. Results: Batch homogeneity showed a coefficient of variation of <5%. Single-irradiation measurements with bleaching after each OSL readout was found to be associated with a 3.3% reproducibility (one standard deviation measured with a 8 mGy test dose), and no systematic change in OSLDs sensitivity could be noted from measurement to measurement. In contrast, the multiple-irradiation readout without bleaching in between measurements was found to be associated with an uncertainty (using a 6 mGy test dose) that systematically increased with accumulated dose, reaching 42% at 82 mGy. Good linearity was shown by nanoDots under general x-ray, CT, and mammography units with an R{sup 2} > 0.99. The angular dependence test showed a drop of approximately 70% in the OSLD response at 90 deg. in mammography (25 kVp). With the general radiography unit, the maximum drop was 40% at 80 kVp and 20% at 120 kVp, and it was only 10% with CT at both 80 and 120 kVp. The energy dependence study showed a range of ion chamber-to-OSLDs ratios between 0.81 and 1.56, at the energies investigated (29-62 keV). A paired t-test for comparing the OSLDs and TLDs showed no significant variation (p > 0.1). Conclusions: OSLDs exhibited good batch homogeneity (<5%) and reproducibility (3.3%), as well as a linear response. In addition, they showed no statistically significant difference with TLDs in CT measurements (p > 0.1). However, high uncertainty (42%) in the dose estimate was found as a result of relatively high accumulated dose. Furthermore, nanoDots showed high angular dependence (up to 70%) in low kVp techniques. Energy dependence of about 60% was found, and correction factors were suggested for the range of energies investigated. Therefore, if angular and energy dependences are taken into consideration and the uncertainty associated with accumulated dose is avoided, OSLDs (nanoDots) can be suitable for use as point dosimeters in diagnostic settings.},
doi = {10.1118/1.3602456},
journal = {Medical Physics},
issn = {0094-2405},
number = 7,
volume = 38,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {7}
}