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Title: PROJECTED ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AND STELLAR CHARACTERIZATION OF 350 B STARS IN THE NEARBY GALACTIC DISK

Abstract

Projected rotational velocities (v sin i) are presented for a sample of 350 early B-type main-sequence stars in the nearby Galactic disk. The stars are located within {approx}1.5 kpc from the Sun, and the great majority within 700 pc. The analysis is based on high-resolution spectra obtained with the MIKE spectrograph on the Magellan Clay 6.5 m telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. Spectral types were estimated based on relative intensities of some key line absorption ratios and comparisons to synthetic spectra. Effective temperatures were estimated from the reddening-free Q index, and projected rotational velocities were then determined via interpolation on a published grid that correlates the synthetic FWHM of the He I lines at 4026, 4388 and 4471 A with v sin i. As the sample has been selected solely on the basis of spectral types, it contains a selection of B stars in the field, in clusters, and in OB associations. The v sin i distribution obtained for the entire sample is found to be essentially flat for v sin i values between 0 and 150 km s{sup -1}, with only a modest peak at low projected rotational velocities. Considering subsamples of stars, there appears tomore » be a gradation in the v sin i distribution with the field stars presenting a larger fraction of the slow rotators and the cluster stars distribution showing an excess of stars with v sin i between 70 and 130 km s{sup -1}. Furthermore, for a subsample of potential runaway stars we find that the v sin i distribution resembles the distribution seen in denser environments, which could suggest that these runaway stars have been subject to dynamical ejection mechanisms.« less

Authors:
; ;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Observatorio Nacional-MCT, Rua Jose Cristino, 77. CEP 20921-400, Rio de Janeiro-RJ (Brazil)
  2. Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Box 43, SE-22100, Lund (Sweden)
  3. Astronomy Department, University of Michigan, 830 Dennison Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1042 (United States)
  4. Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22089826
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 144; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 1538-3881
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; EMISSION SPECTRA; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; INTERPOLATION; MAIN SEQUENCE STARS; RESOLUTION; ROTATION; STAR CLUSTERS; TELESCOPES; VELOCITY

Citation Formats

Braganca, G. A., Daflon, S., Cunha, K., Bensby, T., Oey, M. S., and Walth, G., E-mail: braganca@on.br. PROJECTED ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AND STELLAR CHARACTERIZATION OF 350 B STARS IN THE NEARBY GALACTIC DISK. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/144/5/130.
Braganca, G. A., Daflon, S., Cunha, K., Bensby, T., Oey, M. S., & Walth, G., E-mail: braganca@on.br. PROJECTED ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AND STELLAR CHARACTERIZATION OF 350 B STARS IN THE NEARBY GALACTIC DISK. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/144/5/130.
Braganca, G. A., Daflon, S., Cunha, K., Bensby, T., Oey, M. S., and Walth, G., E-mail: braganca@on.br. Thu . "PROJECTED ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AND STELLAR CHARACTERIZATION OF 350 B STARS IN THE NEARBY GALACTIC DISK". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/144/5/130.
@article{osti_22089826,
title = {PROJECTED ROTATIONAL VELOCITIES AND STELLAR CHARACTERIZATION OF 350 B STARS IN THE NEARBY GALACTIC DISK},
author = {Braganca, G. A. and Daflon, S. and Cunha, K. and Bensby, T. and Oey, M. S. and Walth, G., E-mail: braganca@on.br},
abstractNote = {Projected rotational velocities (v sin i) are presented for a sample of 350 early B-type main-sequence stars in the nearby Galactic disk. The stars are located within {approx}1.5 kpc from the Sun, and the great majority within 700 pc. The analysis is based on high-resolution spectra obtained with the MIKE spectrograph on the Magellan Clay 6.5 m telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. Spectral types were estimated based on relative intensities of some key line absorption ratios and comparisons to synthetic spectra. Effective temperatures were estimated from the reddening-free Q index, and projected rotational velocities were then determined via interpolation on a published grid that correlates the synthetic FWHM of the He I lines at 4026, 4388 and 4471 A with v sin i. As the sample has been selected solely on the basis of spectral types, it contains a selection of B stars in the field, in clusters, and in OB associations. The v sin i distribution obtained for the entire sample is found to be essentially flat for v sin i values between 0 and 150 km s{sup -1}, with only a modest peak at low projected rotational velocities. Considering subsamples of stars, there appears to be a gradation in the v sin i distribution with the field stars presenting a larger fraction of the slow rotators and the cluster stars distribution showing an excess of stars with v sin i between 70 and 130 km s{sup -1}. Furthermore, for a subsample of potential runaway stars we find that the v sin i distribution resembles the distribution seen in denser environments, which could suggest that these runaway stars have been subject to dynamical ejection mechanisms.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-6256/144/5/130},
journal = {Astronomical Journal (New York, N.Y. Online)},
issn = {1538-3881},
number = 5,
volume = 144,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}