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Title: THE ACS FORNAX CLUSTER SURVEY. VI. THE NUCLEI OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES IN THE FORNAX CLUSTER

Abstract

The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) Fornax Cluster Survey is a Hubble Space Telescope program to image 43 early-type galaxies in the Fornax cluster, using the F475W and F850LP bandpasses of the ACS. We employ both one-dimensional and two-dimensional techniques to characterize the properties of the stellar nuclei in these galaxies, defined as the central 'luminosity excesses', relative to a Sersic model fitted to the underlying host. We find 72% {+-} 13% of our sample (31 galaxies) to be nucleated, with only three of the nuclei offset by more than 0.''5 from their galaxy photocenter, and with the majority of nuclei having colors bluer than their hosts. The nuclei are observed to be larger, and brighter, than typical Fornax globular clusters and to follow different structural scaling relations. A comparison of our results to those from the ACS Virgo Cluster Survey reveals striking similarities in the properties of the nuclei belonging to these different environments. We briefly review a variety of proposed formation models and conclude that, for the low-mass galaxies in our sample, the most important mechanism for nucleus growth is probably infall of star clusters through dynamical friction, while for higher mass galaxies, gas accretion triggered by mergers,more » accretions, and tidal torques is likely to dominate, with the relative importance of these two processes varying smoothly as a function of galaxy mass. Some intermediate-mass galaxies in our sample show a complexity in their inner structure that may be the signature of the 'hybrid nuclei' that arose through parallel formation channels.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ; ;  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)
  2. Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada)
  3. Departamento de Astronomia y Astrofisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, Macul 7820436, Santiago (Chile)
  4. Department of Physics University of Paris Denis Diderot, F-75205 Paris Cedex 13 (France)
  5. Department of Astronomy, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)
  6. European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22089801
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 203; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0067-0049
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CAMERAS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GALAXY NUCLEI; IMAGES; STAR CLUSTERS; TELESCOPES; TORQUE

Citation Formats

Turner, Monica L., Cote, Patrick, Ferrarese, Laura, Blakeslee, John P., Jordan, Andres, Mei, Simona, Peng, Eric W., and West, Michael J., E-mail: turnerm@uvic.ca. THE ACS FORNAX CLUSTER SURVEY. VI. THE NUCLEI OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES IN THE FORNAX CLUSTER. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/203/1/5.
Turner, Monica L., Cote, Patrick, Ferrarese, Laura, Blakeslee, John P., Jordan, Andres, Mei, Simona, Peng, Eric W., & West, Michael J., E-mail: turnerm@uvic.ca. THE ACS FORNAX CLUSTER SURVEY. VI. THE NUCLEI OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES IN THE FORNAX CLUSTER. United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/203/1/5.
Turner, Monica L., Cote, Patrick, Ferrarese, Laura, Blakeslee, John P., Jordan, Andres, Mei, Simona, Peng, Eric W., and West, Michael J., E-mail: turnerm@uvic.ca. Thu . "THE ACS FORNAX CLUSTER SURVEY. VI. THE NUCLEI OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES IN THE FORNAX CLUSTER". United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/203/1/5.
@article{osti_22089801,
title = {THE ACS FORNAX CLUSTER SURVEY. VI. THE NUCLEI OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES IN THE FORNAX CLUSTER},
author = {Turner, Monica L. and Cote, Patrick and Ferrarese, Laura and Blakeslee, John P. and Jordan, Andres and Mei, Simona and Peng, Eric W. and West, Michael J., E-mail: turnerm@uvic.ca},
abstractNote = {The Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) Fornax Cluster Survey is a Hubble Space Telescope program to image 43 early-type galaxies in the Fornax cluster, using the F475W and F850LP bandpasses of the ACS. We employ both one-dimensional and two-dimensional techniques to characterize the properties of the stellar nuclei in these galaxies, defined as the central 'luminosity excesses', relative to a Sersic model fitted to the underlying host. We find 72% {+-} 13% of our sample (31 galaxies) to be nucleated, with only three of the nuclei offset by more than 0.''5 from their galaxy photocenter, and with the majority of nuclei having colors bluer than their hosts. The nuclei are observed to be larger, and brighter, than typical Fornax globular clusters and to follow different structural scaling relations. A comparison of our results to those from the ACS Virgo Cluster Survey reveals striking similarities in the properties of the nuclei belonging to these different environments. We briefly review a variety of proposed formation models and conclude that, for the low-mass galaxies in our sample, the most important mechanism for nucleus growth is probably infall of star clusters through dynamical friction, while for higher mass galaxies, gas accretion triggered by mergers, accretions, and tidal torques is likely to dominate, with the relative importance of these two processes varying smoothly as a function of galaxy mass. Some intermediate-mass galaxies in our sample show a complexity in their inner structure that may be the signature of the 'hybrid nuclei' that arose through parallel formation channels.},
doi = {10.1088/0067-0049/203/1/5},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series},
issn = {0067-0049},
number = 1,
volume = 203,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}