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Title: Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects

Abstract

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. CRECHE, Centre for Research in Environmental, Coastal and Hydrological Engineering, School of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban 4041 (South Africa)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22086564
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Waste Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0956-053X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES, AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; AFRICA; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; ANAEROBIC DIGESTION; COMPOSTING; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; EMISSIONS TRADING; GREENHOUSE GASES; KYOTO PROTOCOL; LANDFILL GAS; MATERIALS RECOVERY; RECOMMENDATIONS; RECYCLING; SOLID WASTES; SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Citation Formats

Couth, R., and Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2012.02.022.
Couth, R., & Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za. Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects. United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2012.02.022.
Couth, R., and Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za. Thu . "Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects". United States. doi:10.1016/J.WASMAN.2012.02.022.
@article{osti_22086564,
title = {Sustainable waste management in Africa through CDM projects},
author = {Couth, R. and Trois, C., E-mail: troisc@ukzn.ac.za},
abstractNote = {Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This is a compendium on GHG reductions via improved waste strategies in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This note provides a strategic framework for Local Authorities in Africa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assists LAs to select Zero Waste scenarios and achieve sustained GHG reduction. - Abstract: Only few Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects (traditionally focussed on landfill gas combustion) have been registered in Africa if compared to similar developing countries. The waste hierarchy adopted by many African countries clearly shows that waste recycling and composting projects are generally the most sustainable. This paper undertakes a sustainability assessment for practical waste treatment and disposal scenarios for Africa and makes recommendations for consideration. The appraisal in this paper demonstrates that mechanical biological treatment of waste becomes more financially attractive if established through the CDM process. Waste will continue to be dumped in Africa with increasing greenhouse gas emissions produced, unless industrialised countries (Annex 1) fund carbon emission reduction schemes through a replacement to the Kyoto Protocol. Such a replacement should calculate all of the direct and indirect carbon emission savings and seek to promote public-private partnerships through a concerted support of the informal sector.},
doi = {10.1016/J.WASMAN.2012.02.022},
journal = {Waste Management},
issn = {0956-053X},
number = 11,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}