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Title: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCIES IN {delta} SCUTI STARS: PHOTOMETRIC KEPLER AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES OF THE RAPID ROTATOR KIC 8054146

Abstract

Two years of Kepler data of KIC 8054146 ({delta} Sct/{gamma} Dor hybrid) revealed 349 statistically significant frequencies between 0.54 and 191.36 cycles day{sup -1} (6.3 {mu}Hz to 2.21 mHz). The 117 low frequencies cluster in specific frequency bands, but do not show the equidistant period spacings predicted for gravity modes of successive radial order, n, and reported for at least one other hybrid pulsator. The four dominant low frequencies in the 2.8-3.0 cycles day{sup -1} (32-35 {mu}Hz) range show strong amplitude variability with timescales of months and years. These four low frequencies also determine the spacing of the higher frequencies in and beyond the {delta} Sct pressure-mode frequency domain. In fact, most of the higher frequencies belong to one of three families with spacings linked to a specific dominant low frequency. In the Fourier spectrum, these family regularities show up as triplets, high-frequency sequences with absolutely equidistant frequency spacings, side lobes (amplitude modulations), and other regularities in frequency spacings. Furthermore, within two families the amplitude variations between the low and high frequencies are related. We conclude that the low frequencies (gravity modes, rotation) and observed high frequencies (mostly pressure modes) are physically connected. This unusual behavior may be related tomore » the very rapid rotation of the star: from a combination of high- and low-resolution spectroscopy we determined that KIC 8054146 is a very fast rotator ({upsilon} sin i = 300 {+-} 20 km s{sup -1}) with an effective temperature of 7600 {+-} 200 K and a surface gravity log g of 3.9 {+-} 0.3. Several astrophysical ideas explaining the origin of the relationship between the low and high frequencies are explored.« less

Authors:
;  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ;  [7];  [8]; ;  [9]
  1. Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)
  2. Department of Physical Sciences, Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA (United Kingdom)
  3. South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935 (South Africa)
  4. Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)
  5. Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada)
  6. N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warszawa (Poland)
  7. Institut fuer Astronphysik der Universitaet Wien, Tuerkenschanzstr. 17, A-1180 Wien (Austria)
  8. SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)
  9. Orbital Sciences Corporation/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22086441
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 759; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; AMPLITUDES; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; GRAVITATION; HZ RANGE; MHZ RANGE; MODULATION; OSCILLATIONS; PHOTOMETRY; ROTATION; TRIPLETS; VARIABLE STARS

Citation Formats

Breger, M., Robertson, P., Fossati, L., Balona, L., Kurtz, D. W., Bohlender, D., Lenz, P., Mueller, I., Lueftinger, Th., Clarke, Bruce D., Hall, Jennifer R., and Ibrahim, Khadeejah A. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCIES IN {delta} SCUTI STARS: PHOTOMETRIC KEPLER AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES OF THE RAPID ROTATOR KIC 8054146. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/62.
Breger, M., Robertson, P., Fossati, L., Balona, L., Kurtz, D. W., Bohlender, D., Lenz, P., Mueller, I., Lueftinger, Th., Clarke, Bruce D., Hall, Jennifer R., & Ibrahim, Khadeejah A. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCIES IN {delta} SCUTI STARS: PHOTOMETRIC KEPLER AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES OF THE RAPID ROTATOR KIC 8054146. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/62.
Breger, M., Robertson, P., Fossati, L., Balona, L., Kurtz, D. W., Bohlender, D., Lenz, P., Mueller, I., Lueftinger, Th., Clarke, Bruce D., Hall, Jennifer R., and Ibrahim, Khadeejah A. Thu . "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCIES IN {delta} SCUTI STARS: PHOTOMETRIC KEPLER AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES OF THE RAPID ROTATOR KIC 8054146". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/62.
@article{osti_22086441,
title = {RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCIES IN {delta} SCUTI STARS: PHOTOMETRIC KEPLER AND SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSES OF THE RAPID ROTATOR KIC 8054146},
author = {Breger, M. and Robertson, P. and Fossati, L. and Balona, L. and Kurtz, D. W. and Bohlender, D. and Lenz, P. and Mueller, I. and Lueftinger, Th. and Clarke, Bruce D. and Hall, Jennifer R. and Ibrahim, Khadeejah A.},
abstractNote = {Two years of Kepler data of KIC 8054146 ({delta} Sct/{gamma} Dor hybrid) revealed 349 statistically significant frequencies between 0.54 and 191.36 cycles day{sup -1} (6.3 {mu}Hz to 2.21 mHz). The 117 low frequencies cluster in specific frequency bands, but do not show the equidistant period spacings predicted for gravity modes of successive radial order, n, and reported for at least one other hybrid pulsator. The four dominant low frequencies in the 2.8-3.0 cycles day{sup -1} (32-35 {mu}Hz) range show strong amplitude variability with timescales of months and years. These four low frequencies also determine the spacing of the higher frequencies in and beyond the {delta} Sct pressure-mode frequency domain. In fact, most of the higher frequencies belong to one of three families with spacings linked to a specific dominant low frequency. In the Fourier spectrum, these family regularities show up as triplets, high-frequency sequences with absolutely equidistant frequency spacings, side lobes (amplitude modulations), and other regularities in frequency spacings. Furthermore, within two families the amplitude variations between the low and high frequencies are related. We conclude that the low frequencies (gravity modes, rotation) and observed high frequencies (mostly pressure modes) are physically connected. This unusual behavior may be related to the very rapid rotation of the star: from a combination of high- and low-resolution spectroscopy we determined that KIC 8054146 is a very fast rotator ({upsilon} sin i = 300 {+-} 20 km s{sup -1}) with an effective temperature of 7600 {+-} 200 K and a surface gravity log g of 3.9 {+-} 0.3. Several astrophysical ideas explaining the origin of the relationship between the low and high frequencies are explored.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/62},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 759,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}