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Title: HYBRID STARS IN THE LIGHT OF THE MASSIVE PULSAR PSR J1614-2230

Abstract

We perform a systematic study of hybrid star configurations using several parameterizations of a relativistic mean-field hadronic equation of state (EoS) and the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model for three-flavor quark matter. For the hadronic phase we use the stiff GM1 and TM1 parameterizations, as well as the very stiff NL3 model. In the NJL Lagrangian we include scalar, vector, and 't Hooft interactions. The vector coupling constant g{sub v} is treated as a free parameter. We also consider that there is a split between the deconfinement and the chiral phase transitions which is controlled by changing the conventional value of the vacuum pressure -{Omega}{sub 0} in the NJL thermodynamic potential by -({Omega}{sub 0} + {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}), with {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} a free parameter. We find that, as we increase the value of {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}, hybrid stars have a larger maximum mass but are less stable, i.e., hybrid configurations are stable within a smaller range of central densities. For large enough {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}, stable hybrid configurations are not possible at all. The effect of increasing the coupling constant g{sub v} is very similar. We show that stable hybrid configurations with a maximum mass larger than the observed mass of the pulsar PSR J1614-2230more » are possible for a large region of the parameter space of g{sub v} and {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} provided the hadronic EoS contains nucleons only. When the baryon octet is included in the hadronic phase, only a very small region of the parameter space allows an explanation of the mass of PSR J1614-2230. We compare our results with previous calculations of hybrid stars within the NJL model. We show that it is possible to obtain stable hybrid configurations also in the case {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} = 0 that corresponds to the conventional NJL model for which the pressure and density vanish at zero temperature and chemical potential.« less

Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, Rua Santa Adelia 166, Santo Andre, SP 09210-170 (Brazil)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22086436
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 759; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BARYON OCTETS; CHIRALITY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMOLOGY; COUPLING CONSTANTS; DENSITY; EQUATIONS OF STATE; FLAVOR MODEL; LAGRANGIAN FUNCTION; MASS; MEAN-FIELD THEORY; NEUTRON STARS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PULSARS; QUARK MATTER; SCALARS; VISIBLE RADIATION

Citation Formats

Lenzi, C. H., and Lugones, G., E-mail: cesar.lenzi@ufabc.edu.br, E-mail: german.lugones@ufabc.edu.br. HYBRID STARS IN THE LIGHT OF THE MASSIVE PULSAR PSR J1614-2230. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/57.
Lenzi, C. H., & Lugones, G., E-mail: cesar.lenzi@ufabc.edu.br, E-mail: german.lugones@ufabc.edu.br. HYBRID STARS IN THE LIGHT OF THE MASSIVE PULSAR PSR J1614-2230. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/57.
Lenzi, C. H., and Lugones, G., E-mail: cesar.lenzi@ufabc.edu.br, E-mail: german.lugones@ufabc.edu.br. Thu . "HYBRID STARS IN THE LIGHT OF THE MASSIVE PULSAR PSR J1614-2230". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/57.
@article{osti_22086436,
title = {HYBRID STARS IN THE LIGHT OF THE MASSIVE PULSAR PSR J1614-2230},
author = {Lenzi, C. H. and Lugones, G., E-mail: cesar.lenzi@ufabc.edu.br, E-mail: german.lugones@ufabc.edu.br},
abstractNote = {We perform a systematic study of hybrid star configurations using several parameterizations of a relativistic mean-field hadronic equation of state (EoS) and the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model for three-flavor quark matter. For the hadronic phase we use the stiff GM1 and TM1 parameterizations, as well as the very stiff NL3 model. In the NJL Lagrangian we include scalar, vector, and 't Hooft interactions. The vector coupling constant g{sub v} is treated as a free parameter. We also consider that there is a split between the deconfinement and the chiral phase transitions which is controlled by changing the conventional value of the vacuum pressure -{Omega}{sub 0} in the NJL thermodynamic potential by -({Omega}{sub 0} + {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}), with {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} a free parameter. We find that, as we increase the value of {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}, hybrid stars have a larger maximum mass but are less stable, i.e., hybrid configurations are stable within a smaller range of central densities. For large enough {delta}{Omega}{sub 0}, stable hybrid configurations are not possible at all. The effect of increasing the coupling constant g{sub v} is very similar. We show that stable hybrid configurations with a maximum mass larger than the observed mass of the pulsar PSR J1614-2230 are possible for a large region of the parameter space of g{sub v} and {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} provided the hadronic EoS contains nucleons only. When the baryon octet is included in the hadronic phase, only a very small region of the parameter space allows an explanation of the mass of PSR J1614-2230. We compare our results with previous calculations of hybrid stars within the NJL model. We show that it is possible to obtain stable hybrid configurations also in the case {delta}{Omega}{sub 0} = 0 that corresponds to the conventional NJL model for which the pressure and density vanish at zero temperature and chemical potential.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/759/1/57},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
issn = {0004-637X},
number = 1,
volume = 759,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {11}
}